Pyrometry


Pyrometry

Pyrometry is the non-contact measurement of the temperature of an object, by measuring its self-emission and emissivity. An apparatus that measures the temperature by means of pyrometry is called a pyrometer or optical pyrometer.

Emissivity is a measure of the object's capability to emit electromagnetic radiation. The value of emissivity ranges from 0 to 1, where the emissivity of a perfect emitter also known as a black body is 1, and a theoretical object that does not emit radiation at all has an emissivity of 0.

The most advanced pyrometers measure both the emission of the object and its emissivity, while other pyrometers require the user to enter the emissivity value via the pyrometer's inputs (dials or digital communication).

Pyrometers are used in a variety of applications, from human body temperature monitoring (ear pyrometers) to industrial applications like metals manufacturing and semiconductor manufacturing.

Pyrometry of gases presents difficulties. These are most commonly overcome by using thin filament pyrometry or soot pyrometry. Both techniques involve small solids in contact with hot gases.

ee also

* Thermography


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pyrometry — Py*rom e*try, n. The art of measuring degrees of heat, or the expansion of bodies by heat. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pyrometry — pirometrija statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Nesąlytinių (dažniausiai optinių) aukštos kūnų temperatūros matavimo metodų ir matuoklių visuma. atitikmenys: angl. pyrometry vok. Pyrometrie, f rus. пирометрия, f pranc.… …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • pyrometry — pirometrija statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Aukštos temperatūros matavimo metodų visuma. atitikmenys: angl. pyrometry rus. пирометрия …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • pyrometry — pirometrija statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. pyrometry vok. Pyrometrie, f rus. пирометрия, f pranc. pyrométrie, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • pyrometry — pirometrija statusas T sritis Energetika apibrėžtis Nesąlytiniai aukštos (>600 °C) kūnų temperatūros matavimo metodai ir prietaisai. Pagrįsti kūno šiluminės spinduliuotės intensyvumo, kuris priklauso nuo kūno temperatūros, matavimu.… …   Aiškinamasis šiluminės ir branduolinės technikos terminų žodynas

  • pyrometry — noun see pyrometer …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pyrometry — See pyrometric. * * * …   Universalium

  • pyrometry — noun The measurement of high temperatures. See Also: pyrometer, pyrometric …   Wiktionary

  • pyrometry — Смотри Пирометрия …   Энциклопедический словарь по металлургии

  • pyrometry — py·rom·e·try …   English syllables


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.