Lidzbark Warmiński


Lidzbark Warmiński

Infobox Settlement
name = Lidzbark Warmiński


imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Warmian Bishop's castle
image_shield = POL Lidzbark Warmiński COA.svg
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position = bottom
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = POL
subdivision_type1 = Voivodeship
subdivision_name1 = Warmian-Masurian
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Lidzbark
subdivision_type3 = Gmina
subdivision_name3 = Lidzbark Warmiński (urban gmina)
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Artur Wajs
established_title = Established
established_date = before 1240
established_title3 = Town rights
established_date3 = 1308
area_total_km2 = 14.34
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 16390
population_density_km2 = auto
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd = 54 | latm = 7 | lats = | latNS = N | longd = 20 | longm = 35 | longs = | longEW = E
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 11-100 to 11-102
area_code = +48 89
blank_name = Car plates
blank_info = NLI
website = http://www.lidzbarkwarminski.pl

Lidzbark Warmiński Audio-IPA-pl|Lidzbark.ogg|'|l|i|dz|b|a|r|g|-|w|a|r|'|m|i|ń|s|k|i ( _de. HeilsbergAudlisten|Heilsberg.ogg) is a town in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in Poland. It is the capital of Lidzbark County.

History

The town was originally an Old Prussian settlement known as "Lecbarg" until being conquered in 1240 by the Teutonic Knights, who called it "Heilsberg". In 1306 it became the seat for the Bishopric of Warmia and remained the Prince-Bishop's seat for 500 years. In 1309 the settlement received town privileges. After the Second Peace of Thorn (1466), the town became part of the Polish province of Royal Prussia.

Nicolaus Copernicus lived at the castle for several years, and it is believed he wrote part of his "De revolutionibus orbium coelestium" there.

In the winter of 1703-04 the town was the residence of King Charles XII of Sweden during the Great Northern War.

Lidzbark, then known as Heilsberg, was annexed with the rest of Warmia by the Kingdom of Prussia in the First Partition of Poland in 1772. In 1807 a battle took place near the town between the French under Murat and Soult and the Russians and Prussians under Bennigsen.

From 1933-45 Heilsberg was the site of the large radio station Transmitter Heilsberg. The town was heavily damaged during its conquest by the Soviet Red Army during World War II in 1945. Afterwards, the town was ceded to Poland after 173 years of Prussian and German rule and its ethnic German population was expelled to the west.

Education

* Wszechnica Warmińska, founded on 21 May 2004
* Comprehensive Schools im. Kazimierza Jagiellończyka
* Trade Schools im. Stanisława Staszica
* Farner School
* Primary School No. 1 im. Mikołaja Kopernika
* Primary School No. 3 im. Ignacego Krasickiego
* Primary School No. 4 im. Jana Pawła II
* High/grammar School No. 1
* High/grammar School No. 2
* National Music School I Level
* Not Public Kindergarten No. "Kubuś"
* Not Public Kindergarten No. "Miś"
* Not Public Kindergarten No. "Puchatek"
* Public Kindergarten No. 5
* Public Kindergarten No. 6

Famous Persons

* Mikołaj Kopernik or Nicolaus Copernicus, famous astronomer
* Matthias Johann Meyer or Matthias Meyer, (died 1737)baroque painter
* Ernst Burchard (1876 - 1920), doctor and scientist
* Bruno Hippler (1894 - 1942) officer
* Zbigniew Mikołejko (born 1951) Polish philosopher and historian of religion

External links

* http://www.lidzbark.com/
* http://lidzbarkwarminski.pl/
* http://www.warmia-mazury.pl/powiaty/lidzbark.html
* [http://www.domwarminski.pl/images/stories/warmia_regionem/mapy_historyczne_tabula_geografica_w.jpgMap of Warmia Catholic Diocese in 1755]
* http://www.heilsberg.org/


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lidzbark Warminski — Lidzbark Warmiński …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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