Chemical elements named after places


Chemical elements named after places

This is a list of chemical elements named after places. For a list of other toponyms, i.e., names derived from a place or region, see List of words derived from toponyms.

* americium
* berkelium — city of Berkeley, California, home of the University of California
* californium — state of California and University of California, Berkeley
* copper is probably named after Cyprus
* darmstadtiumDarmstadt, Germany
* dubniumDubna, Russia
* erbiumYtterby, Sweden
* europiumEurope
* franciumFrance
* gallium — "Gallia", Latin for France. Frenchman Lecoq de Boisbaudran, who was the discoverer of the metal, named it after his country and also subtly for himself. "Lecoq" (rooster) in Latin is "gallus".
* germaniumGermany
* hafnium — "Hafnia", Latin for Copenhagen
* hassiumHesse, Germany
* holmium — "Holmia", Latin for Stockholm
* lutetium — "Lutetia", Latin for Paris
* magnesiumMagnesia prefecture in Thessaly, Greece
* poloniumPoland
* rhenium — "Rhenus", Latin for Rhine
* rutheniumRuthenia, Latin for Rus' (Russia, Ukraine and Belarus)
* scandium — "Scandia", Latin for Scandinavia
* strontium — from the mineral "strontianite", in turn named after Strontian, Scotland
* terbiumYtterby, Sweden
* thulium — Thule, a mythical island in the far north, perhaps Scandinavia
* ytterbiumYtterby, Sweden
* yttriumYtterby, Sweden

Note: Ytterby in Sweden has given its name to four elements: Erbium, Terbium, Ytterbium and Yttrium.

Additionally, the following elements are named after astronomical objects:
* cerium — Ceres
* helium — Helios, the Greek name for the Sun
* neptunium — Neptune
* palladiumPallas
* plutonium — Pluto
* selenium — Selene, the Greek name for the Moon
* tellurium — Tellus, the Latin name for the Earth
* uranium — Uranus
* mercuryMercury, which was itself named after the Roman god Mercury

ee also

* List of elements by name
* List of elements named after people
* List of places
* Lists of etymologies


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