Wicket


Wicket

In the sport of cricket the word wicket has several distinct meanings:

Meanings of wicket

et of stumps

Primarily, the "wicket" is one of the two sets of three stumps and two bails at either end of the pitch ( [http://www.lords.org/laws-and-spirit/laws-of-cricket/laws/appendix-a,74,AR.html dimensions] ). The wicket is guarded by a batsman who, with his bat, attempts to prevent the ball from hitting the wicket.

The origin of the word is from the standard definition of wicket as a small gate. Historically, cricket wickets had only two stumps and one bail and looked like a gate.

Dismissing a batsman

Wicket also refers to the event of a batsman getting out. The batsman is said to have "lost his wicket" if dismissed by a bowler, while the bowler is said to have "taken his wicket". The number of wickets taken is the primary measure of a bowler's ability.

For a batsman to be dismissed by being bowled, run out, stumped or hit wicket, his wicket needs to be put down. What this means is defined by Law 28 of the Laws of cricket. The wicket is put down if a bail is completely removed from the top of the stumps, or a stump is struck out of the ground by the ball, the striker's bat, the striker's person (or by any part of his clothing or equipment becoming detached from his person), a fielder (with his hand or arm) and providing that the ball is held in the hand or hands so used, or in the hand of the arm so used. The wicket is also put down if a fielder pulls a stump out of the ground in the same manner.

If one bail is off, removing the remaining bail or striking or pulling any of the three stumps out of the ground is sufficient to put the wicket down. A fielder may remake the wicket, if necessary, in order to put it down to have an opportunity of running out a batsman.

If the umpires have agreed to dispense with bails, because, for example, it is too windy for the bails to remain on the stumps, the decision as to whether the wicket has been put down is one for the umpire concerned to decide. After a decision to play without bails, the wicket has been put down if the umpire concerned is satisfied that the wicket has been struck by the ball, by the striker's bat, person, or items of his clothing or equipment separated from his person as described above, or by a fielder with the hand holding the ball or with the arm of the hand holding the ball.

Partnership

The sequence of time over which two particular batsmen bat together, a "partnership", is referred to as a specifically numbered wicket when discriminating it from other partnerships in the innings.
*The first wicket partnership is from the start of the innings until a first batsman gets out.
* The second wicket partnership is from when a first batsman gets out until a second batsman gets out.
* etc...
* The tenth wicket or last wicket partnership is from when a ninth batsman gets out until a tenth batsman gets out.

Winning by number of wickets

A team can win a match by a certain number of wickets. This means that they were batting last, and reached the winning target with a certain number of batsmen still not dismissed. A team's innings ends when ten batsmen are dismissed, so, for example, if the side scored the required number of runs to win with only three batsmen dismissed, they are said to have won by seven wickets.

The pitch

The word wicket is also sometimes used to refer to the cricket pitch itself. According to the Laws of Cricket, this usage is incorrect, but it is in common usage and commonly understood by cricket followers. This usage probably derives from the days when the outfield was kept short by grazing sheep on it and the playing surface, which was specially prepared, was protected from them by a light wicker fence around it. Since many regular grounds had resident bat-makers it is quite possible that the branches cut off from the willow wood used for the bats formed all or part of this fence.Fact|date=February 2007 Much willow is employed in making wicker-work.

The term "sticky wicket" refers to a situation in which the pitch has become damp, typically due to rain or high humidity. This makes the path of the ball more unpredictable thus making the job of defending the stumps that much more difficult. The full phrase is thought to have originally been "to bat on a sticky wicket." Such pitches were commonplace at all levels of the game (i.e. up to Test Match level) until the late 1950s.

ee also

*Cricket terminology
* [http://www.cricketdictionary.com/ Cricket Dictionary]
* [http://cricket.pakistanway.com/ Cricket Videos & Ranking]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wicket — Wick et, n. [OE. wiket, OF. wiket, guichet, F. quichet; probably of Scand. origin; cf. Icel. v?k a small creek, inlet, bay, vik a corner.] [1913 Webster] 1. A small gate or door, especially one forming part of, or placed near, a larger door or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Wicket — W. Warrick  Pour le terme relatif au cricket, voir Wicket (cricket). Wicket W. Warrick (dit simplement Wicket) est le nom d´un Ewok qui apparait dans le film Star Wars : épisode VI Le Retour du Jedi. Wicket est le premier Ewok que rencontre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • wicket — ► NOUN 1) Cricket each of the sets of three stumps with two bails across the top at either end of the pitch, defended by a batsman. 2) a small door or gate, especially one beside or in a larger one. ● at the wicket Cf. ↑at the wicket ● a sticky… …   English terms dictionary

  • Wicket — puede referirse a: Apache Wicket, un framework Java para desarrollo de aplicaciones web. Wicket W. Warrick, un personaje ficticio de raza ewok en la saga cinematográfica la Guerra de las Galaxias. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • wicket — early 13c., small door or gate, from Anglo Fr. wiket, from O.N.Fr. wiket (Fr. guichet) wicket, wicket gate, probably from P.Gmc. *wik (Cf. O.N. vik nook ) related to O.E. wican to give way, yield (see WEAK (Cf. weak)). The notion is of something… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Wicket — Warrick era un pequeño Ewok que luchó contra los Marauders para rescatar a su pueblo y a su amiga Cindel Towani. Años después ayudó a la princesa Leia Organa sirviendo de contacto entre su pueblo y la alianza rebelde. Una vez unidos los dos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • wicket — [wikɛt] n. m. ÉTYM. 1864, in Petiot; 1796, comme mot anglais cité; mot angl., « guichet ». ❖ ♦ Sports. Au jeu de cricket, Ensemble des (2 ou 3) piquets réunis par une traverse horizontale et servant de but …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • wicket — [wik′it] n. [ME wiket < NormFr (for OFr guichet), dim. < MDu wijk, a curve < IE * weig > WEAK] 1. a small door or gate, esp. one set in or near a larger door or gate 2. a small window or opening, as for a bank teller or in a box… …   English World dictionary

  • Wicket — In der Sportart Cricket hat das Wort Wicket mehrere Bedeutungen: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bedeutungen des Begriffs Wicket 1.1 Das aus den Stumps bestehende Wicket 1.2 Ausscheiden des Schlagmanns …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wicket — Стиль этой статьи неэнциклопедичен или нарушает нормы русского языка. Статью следует исправить согласно стилистическим правилам Википедии …   Википедия


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