- Kroměříž Archbishop's Palace
Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Gardens and Castle at Kroměříž
State Party = CZE
Type = Cultural
Criteria = ii, iv
ID = 860
Region = Europe and North America
Year = 1998
Session = 22nd
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/860
The Kroměříž Palace ( _de. Schloss Kremsier, _cs. Zámek Kroměříž or "Arcibiskupský zámek") in
Kroměříž, Czech Republic, used to be the principal residence of the bishops and (since 1777) archbishops of Olomouc.
The first residence on the site was founded by bishop Stanislas Thurzo in 1497. The building was in a Late
Gothic style, with a modicum of Renaissancedetail. During the Thirty Years' War, the castle was sacked by the Swedish army (1643).
It was not until 1664 that a bishop from the powerful
Liechtensteinfamily charged architect Filiberto Lucchesewith renovating the palace in a Baroque style. The chief monument of Lucchese's work in Kroměříž is the Pleasure Garden in front of the castle. Upon Lucchese's death in 1666, Giovanni Pietro Tencallacompleted his work on the formal garden and had the palace rebuilt in a style reminiscent of the Turinese school to which he belonged.
After the castle was gutted by a major fire in March 1752, two leading imperial artists,
Franz Anton Maulbertschand Josef Stern, arrived at the residence in order to decorate the halls of the palace with their works. In addition to their paintings, the palace still houses an art collection, generally considered the second finest in the country, which includes Titian's last mythological painting, "The Flaying of Marsyas". The largest part of the collection was acquired by Bishop Karel in Colognein 1673. The palace also contains an outstanding musical archive and a library of 33,000 volumes. UNESCOlists the palace and garden among the World Heritage Sites. As the nomination dossier explains, "the castle is a good but not outstanding example of a type of aristocratic or princely residence that has survived widely in Europe. The Pleasure Garden, by contrast, is a very rare and largely intact example of a Baroque garden" [http://whc.unesco.org/archive/advisory_body_evaluation/860.pdf] . Apart from the formal parterres there is also a less formal nineteenth-century English garden, which sustained damage during floods in 1997.
Interiors of the palace were extensively used by
Miloš Formanas a stand-in for Vienna's Hofburg Imperial Palaceduring filming of "Amadeus" (1984), based on the life of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart(who actually never visited Kroměříž). The main audience chamber was also used in the film "Immortal Beloved" (1994), in the piano concerto scene.
* [http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/860 Materials from the World Heritage website]
* [http://www.zamky-hrady.cz/1/kromeriz-e.htm Photographs of Kroměříž Castle]
* [http://www.kromeriz.net QTVR virtual tour of Kromeriz]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Palacio arzobispal de Kroměříž — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Jardines y castillo de Kroměříž1 … Wikipedia Español
List of palaces — This is a list of palaces by country. For main article please see palace Afghanistan * Darul Aman Palace * Tajbeg Palace Argentina * Casa Rosada Presidential residence in Buenos Aires * San Martin Palace Austria * Belvedere Palace former summer… … Wikipedia
Franz Anton Maulbertsch — Franz Anton Maulbertsch, by Martin Johann Schmidt. Franz Anton Maulbertsch (June 7, 1724 – August 8, 1796) was an Austrian painter and engraver, one of the most renowned exponents of roccoco painting in the German region. Maulbertsch was born in… … Wikipedia
Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… … Universalium
Austria — Austrian, adj., n. /aw stree euh/, n. a republic in central Europe. 8,054,078; 32,381 sq. mi. (83,865 sq. km). Cap.: Vienna. German, Österreich. * * * Austria Introduction Austria Background: Once the center of power for the large Austro… … Universalium
AUSTRIA — AUSTRIA, country in Central Europe. Middle Ages Jews lived in Austria from the tenth century. However the history of the Jews in Austria from the late Middle Ages was virtually that of the Jews in vienna and its environs. In the modern period,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism