Richard Bolt


Richard Bolt

Richard Henry Bolt Ph.D., better known as Richard Bolt or Dick Bolt, (Peking, China, April 22, 1911-Boston, Massachusetts, January 13, 2002) was a physics professor at MIT with an interest in acoustics. He was one of the founders of the company Bolt, Beranek and Newman, which built the ARPANET, a forerunner of the internet.

Early life

Bolt was born in Peking, China, where his parents were medical missionaries. His family returned to the U.S. in 1916 and settled in California.

Bolt graduated from Berkeley High School, California in 1928 and went to college and graduate school at the University of California, Berkeley.

Although he initially expected to major in either music or graphical design, he decided on architecture, in which he attained a BA in 1933. At that time, he had already developed an interest in acoustics, combining his interests for music, design and architecture.

After his marriage to Katherine Mary Smith, right after his graduation in 1933, they made a honeymoon to Europe, where he became acquainted with a number of scientists from Berlin, and the honeymoon was extended to ten months while Bolt learned German and studied acoustics.

Berkeley

Returning to Berkeley in 1934, he entered the graduate physics program, and, earning an M.A. in 1937 and qualifying for Berkeley's Physics Ph.D. program, which he completed in 1939. He performed his research at UCLA, given the fact that Berkeley had no acoustics research facilities at that time. After attaining his PhD in 1939 he worked at MIT for a year on the transmission of sound in various shapes of rooms. Excluding a brief period at the University of Illinois and a stationing in London during WWII, he remained associated with the MIT until his retirement.

MIT and BBN

Bolt started a consulting firm with another MIT professor, Leo Beranek, in 1948, and worked on such projects as doing an audio analysis of the JFK assassination, the "18.5 minute gap" in Nixon's White House tapes, and improving the sound in concert halls. In later years, after the addition of one of his former students, Robert Newman, the firm of Bolt, Beranek and Newman, better known as BBN, designed the first modem in 1963, helping computers communicate with each other. This led to work on the ARPANET, which became the Internet. BBN helped develop e-mail and, in 1971, one of BBN's researchers chose the "@" sign for e-mail addresses. Bolt retired in 1976.

See also

* Bolt, Beranek and Newman

External links

* [http://www.gbcasa.org/notices/boltobit.html Obituary] at the [http://asa.aip.org/ Acoustical Society of America] , focused on Bolt's achievements in acoustics.
* [http://www.bbn.com BBN website]
* [http://forsdick.0catch.com/xbbn/bolt/beranek.htm Obituary] by Leo Beranek


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bolt — Bolt, Beranek y Newman Saltar a navegación, búsqueda BBN Technologies (originalmente Bolt, Beranek and Newman) es una empresa de alta tecnología que provee servicios de investigación y desarrollo. BBN está situada junto a Fresh Pond en Cambridge …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bolt, Beranek And Newman — Pour les articles homonymes, voir BBN. Bolt, Beranek and Newman (BBN) est une société américaine créée en 1948 par deux professeurs du Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) : Richard Bolt et Leo Beranek et d un ancien étudiant de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bolt, beranek and newman — Pour les articles homonymes, voir BBN. Bolt, Beranek and Newman (BBN) est une société américaine créée en 1948 par deux professeurs du Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) : Richard Bolt et Leo Beranek et d un ancien étudiant de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bolt (surname) — List of people with the surname Bolt= * Andrew Bolt, Australian newspaper columnist * Bruce Bolt, American professor of Earth and planetary science * George Bolt, New Zealand aviator * Jeremy Bolt, British film producer * Richard Bolt, American… …   Wikipedia

  • Bolt, Beranek and Newman — Pour les articles homonymes, voir BBN. Bolt, Beranek and Newman (BBN) est une société américaine créée en 1948 par deux professeurs du Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) : Richard Bolt et Leo Beranek et d un ancien étudiant de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richard Pearse — Richard William Pearse (* 3. Dezember 1877 in Temuka; † 29. Juli 1953 in Riccarton, heute Christchurch) war ein neuseeländischer Landwirt, Erfinder und Luftfahrtpionier. Am 31. März 1903 und damit fast neun Monate vor den Gebrüdern Wright gelang… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard William Pearse — (* 3. Dezember 1877 in Temuka; † 29. Juli 1953 in Riccarton, heute Christchurch) war ein neuseeländischer Landwirt, Erfinder und Luftfahrtpionier. Am 31. März 1903 und damit fast neun Monate vor den Gebrüdern Wright gelang ihm ein Flug mit einem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard Hol — Portrait peint de Richard Hol, par J.J. Mesker (1884) Surnom Richard Hol (pseudonyme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richard Thomas Lowe — Nacimiento 4 de diciembre 1802 Derbyshire Fallecimiento 13 de abril 1874 mar en Sicilia Nacionalidad …   Wikipedia Español

  • Richard I of England — Richard I redirects here. For others of the same name, see Richard I (disambiguation). Richard the Lionheart King of England (more..) Reign 6 July 1189 – 6 April 1199 Coronation 3 September 1 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.