Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation


Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation

The Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation is an agency within the United States Department of State responsible for managing a broad range of nonproliferation, counterproliferation, and arms control functions. The bureau leads U.S. efforts to prevent the spread of weapons of mass destruction (nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) and their delivery systems.

It was created on September 13, 2005 when the Bureau of Arms Control and the Bureau of Nonproliferation were merged together. Stephen G. Rademaker was the first the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for International Security and Nonproliferation. He had been the Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of Arms Control, and in February 2005 he was named the head of the Bureau for Nonproliferation pending the two bureaus' merger. The previous Acting Assistant Secretary was Francis C. Record, and the current Assistant Secretary John C. Rood, of Arizona, was confirmed by the senate on September 13, 2006.cite journal | author = U.S. Congress | year = 2006 | month = 13 September | title = Confirmations | journal = Congressional Record | volume = 152 | issue = 113 | pages = S9575 | url = http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getpage.cgi?dbname=2006_record&page=S9575&position=all | accessdate = 2006-09-14]

The Bureau's role within the Department of State is to spearhead efforts to promote international consensus on WMD proliferation through bilateral and multilateral diplomacy, and to address WMD proliferation threats posed by non-state actors and terrorist groups by improving physical security, using interdiction and sanctions, and actively participating in the Proliferation Security Initiative.

It also coordinates the implementation of international treaties and arrangements. It seeks to work with international organizations such as the United Nations, the G8, NATO, the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, and the International Atomic Energy Agency to reduce and eliminate threats posed by weapons of mass destruction, and to support foreign partners in their efforts.

During its time as an independent Bureau, the Bureau of Arms Control led efforts to negotiate new arms control agreements, such as the May 2002 Moscow Treaty on strategic offensive reductions, as well as ongoing efforts in the Geneva Conference on Disarmament (CD). It also had responsibilities of implementing existing agreements such as the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, START I, the Chemical Weapons Convention, the Moscow Treaty, the Biological Weapons Convention.

It held the lead for negotiations and policy development of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, the Treaty on Open Skies, arms control elements of the Dayton peace accords, and other European conventional arms control issues. In early 2004, the office responsible for the Confidence and Security-Building Measures in the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe had been moved from the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs to the Bureau of Arms Control.

External links

* [http://www.state.gov/t/isn/ Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation]
* [http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/biog/12813.htm The Department of State biography of Stephen G. Rademaker]
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20050305235252/http://www.state.gov/t/ac/ The Department of State website's section on the Bureau of Arms Control, documented by Internet Archive]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Assistant Secretary of State for International Security and Nonproliferation — The Assistant Secretary of State for International Security and Nonproliferation is the head of the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, which is responsible for managing the nonproliferation, counterproliferation, and arms… …   Wikipedia

  • Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs — William Brownfield (en), ex ambassadeur en Colombie, en charge du BIL. Le Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (BIL) (Bureau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs — In the United States Government, the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs (originally the Office of Chinese Affairs) is part of the United States Department of State and is charged with advising the Secretary of State and Under Secretary for… …   Wikipedia

  • International Organizations and Groups — Note: The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) has dissolved and ceases to exist. None of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, including Serbia and Montenegro, have been permitted to participate solely on the basis of the… …   Universalium

  • Security Advisory Opinion — (SAO) or Washington Special Clearance,cite web url=http://foia.state.gov/masterdocs/09FAM/09G0500.PDF title=Washington Special Clearances (Security Advisory Opinions), 9 FAM Appendix G, 500 work=U.S. Department of State Foreign Affairs Manual… …   Wikipedia

  • Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations — The Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations (S/OBO) is an agency of the United States Department of State charged with constructing, purchasing, and maintaining buildings and real estate in other countries. It is responsible for building and… …   Wikipedia

  • international relations — a branch of political science dealing with the relations between nations. [1970 75] * * * Study of the relations of states with each other and with international organizations and certain subnational entities (e.g., bureaucracies and political… …   Universalium

  • Arms Control and Disarmament Agency — The U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA) was established as an independent agency by the Arms Control and Disarmament Act (75 Stat. 631), September 26, 1961, a bill drafted by presidential adviser John J. McCloy. Its predecessor was… …   Wikipedia

  • United States Under Secretary of State for Economic, Business, and Agricultural Affairs — Robert D. Hormats Under Secretary of State for Economic, Business, and Agricultural Affairs (United States) In office 2009 – present President Barack Obama …   Wikipedia

  • Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs — United States Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs Incumbent Maria Otero since August 10, 2009 …   Wikipedia