- Soap Box Derby
The Soap Box Derby is a youth
soapbox carracing program which has been run in the United Statessince 1934. World Championship finals are held each July at Derby Downsin Akron, Ohio. Cars competing in this and related events are unpowered, relying completely upon gravityto move.
The first All-American race was held in Dayton on August 19, 1934, after an idea by
Myron Scott, a photographer for the Dayton Daily News. The following year, the race was moved to Akron because of its central location and hilly terrain. In 1936, Akron civic leaders recognized the need for a permanent track site for the youth racing classic and, through the efforts of the Works Progress Administration (WPA), Derby Downsbecame a reality.
An accident in 1935 captured the public's interest, and boosted the event's profile. A car went off the track and struck
NBC's top commentator and sportscaster Graham MacNameewhile he was broadcasting live on the air. Despite a concussion and other injuries (which would necessitate a two-week hospital stay), MacNamee described the collision to his listeners and finished his broadcast.
Using standardized wheels with precision
ball bearings, modern gravity-powered racers start at a ramp on top of a hill, attaining speeds of up to 35 miles per hour. Rally races and qualifying races in cities around the world use advanced timing systems that measure the time difference between the competing cars to the thousandth of a second to determine the winner of a heat. Each heat of a race lasts less than 30 seconds. Most races are double elimination races where a racer that loses a heat can work their way through the Challenger's Bracket in an attempt to win the overall race. The annual World Championship race in Akron, however, is a single elimination race which uses overhead photography, triggered by a timing system, to determine the winner of each heat. Approximately 500 racers compete in 2 or 3 car heats to determine a World Champion in each of six divisions.
During its heyday in the 1950s and 1960s, when
Chevroletwas a sponsor and famous TV and movie stars made guest appearances, as many as 70,000 people would gather in August to eat snow cones and cheer hundreds of youthful racer/builders (boys only in early years) ages 11-15 who were the champions of local races around the nation and from several foreign countries. In 1947, actor Jimmy Stewartwas appearing in the Broadway play " Harvey"; in order to attend the event, he cancelled a weekend's worth of performances and refunds were issued to ticketholders. At its peak, the Derby was one of the top 5 sporting events in terms of attendance.
Today there are broader categories that extend the age range to younger racers and permit adults to assist in construction. This is especially helpful for younger children who cannot use
power tools, as well as to provide an outlet for adults.
Starting in 1993, the All-American Soap Box derby began the Rally World Championship. The Rally derby, works on a grand prix style of race where each district, 10 in all, send back a number of champions based on number of racers and races in each district. The 2007 Rally Stock World Champion is Vince Sprague; Super Stock Dennis VanFossen; Masters Scott Miesse
In 1973, 14 year old
Jimmy Gronenof Boulder, COwas stripped of his title two days after winning the national race. Suspicions were running high even before the finals, and Gronen was actually booed by many spectators.
The unusual dimensions of Gronen's margins of victory and heat times tipped off derby officials to illegal circumstances surrounding Gronen's racer. Subsequent
X-rayexamination of his car revealed an electromagnetin the nose. When activated at the starting line, the electromagnet would pull the car forward by attracting it to the steelpaddle used to start the race. Gronen would activate the electromagnet by leaning his helmet against the backrest of his seat, which activated its power source. This became very evident as Gronen's heat times progressively slowed down as the race wore on because the electromagnet lost strength each time it was activated. Usually, heat times get faster each time a racer completes a heat. Videotape of the race also showed a suspiciously sudden lead for Gronen just a few feet after each heat began. The margin of victory for a race heat will normally be no more than 1 to 3 feet. Gronen's early heat victories were in the 20 to 30 feet range. (Aluminum insulator plates were added to the starting ramps in 1974 to render an electromagnetic system useless.) ["Anything to Win: The All-American Soap Box Derby Scandal" (episode 6 of the GSN documentary series)]
Midway through the 1973 race, Derby officials also replaced Gronen's wheels after chemicals were found to be applied to the wheels' rubber. The chemicals would cause the wheel rubber to swell, thus reducing the amount of friction on the wheel bearings, and reducing the number of rotations required to travel the course's distance.
In the final heat, Gronen finished narrowly ahead of Bret Yarborough. Within two days, Yarborough was declared the 1973 champion.
Gronen's uncle and
legal guardianat the time, wealthy engineer Robert Lange, was indictedfor contributing to the delinquency of a minor. Lange's son, Bob Lange Jr. (and Jimmy Gronen's cousin) had won the previous 1972 Derby using a car considered to be indistinguishable from the vehicle used by Gronen. Boulder, Colorado was also banned from any future participation in the All-American Soap Box Derby.
*In 2003, 13 year old
Billy Blakelyof Huntersville, NCwas stripped of his title shortly after winning the national race. Examination of his car revealed the rear axle kingpin was held in place by adhesive, and a steel bearing had been added to the steering assembly.
*In 1975, Karren Stead became the first girl to win the race.
*As of 2006,
Salem, ORand Akron, OHare tied for most World Champions, both having 6 world champions, not including Rally champions.
Rochester, NYand Salem, ORare the only cities to have three consecutive World Champions at the national All-American held in Akron, OH.
Justin Yoderof Middlebury, Indiana was the first racer with a disablity to race in the Soap Box Derby.
*9 Year Olds Vince Sprague of Cincinnati, OH. Marc Behan of Dover, NH and T.J.Pond of Altamonte Springs, FL. are the youngest Soap Box Derby World Champions on record.
Rio Rancho, NMis considered to have one of the fastest Soap Box Derby tracks in the country with speeds going up to 30 miles per hour.
*Laura Shepherd, the National Derby Association Rookie of the Year in 1994, donated her Soap Box Derby Car, "Lightning Laura," to the National Museum of American History in 1997. The car was sponsored by Dairy Queen.cite web|url=http://historywired.si.edu/object.cfm?ID=550|title=Soap Box Derby Car|publisher=National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution|accessdate=2008-06-09]
* [http://aasbd.com All American Soap Box Derby] official website
* [http://www.ndr.org National Derby Rallies, Inc.]
* [http://DSKD.org DSKD e.V.] Deutsches Seifenkisten Derby e.V. (Official website German Soap Box Derby)
* [http://www.fasnetskistenrennen.de/ Süßener Fasnetskistenrennen] Soap Box Derby at
* [http://www.soap-box-derby.de Seifenkistenrennen] soap box racing in
* [http://www.seifenkisten-verband-bw.de/skbw/ German Soapbox-Derby]
* [http://www.summitmemory.org/cdm4/results.php?CISORESTMP=results.php&CISOVIEWTMP=item_viewer.php&CISOMODE=grid&CISOGRID=thumbnail,A,1;title,A,1;date,A,0;descri,200,0;none,A,0;20;title,date,none,none,none&CISOBIB=title,A,1,N;subjec,A,0,N;descri,200,0,N;none,A,0,N;none,A,0,N;20;title,none,none,none,none&CISOTHUMB=20%20(4x5);title,none,none,none,none&CISOTITLE=20;title,none,none,none,none&CISOHIERA=20;subjec,title,none,none,none&CISOSUPPRESS=1&CISOTYPE=link&CISOOP1=all&CISOFIELD1=relati&CISOBOX1=Fulton+Collection&CISOOP2=all&CISOFIELD2=subjec&CISOBOX2=&CISOOP3=all&CISOFIELD3=descri&CISOBOX3=&CISOOP4=all&CISOFIELD4=CISOSEARCHALL&CISOBOX4=&c=all&CISOROOT=all Shorty Fulton Collection] at [http://www.summitmemory.org/ Summit Memory Project]
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