Prize (law)


Prize (law)

Prize is a term used in admiralty law to refer to equipment, vehicles, and vessels captured during armed conflict. The most common use of prize in this sense is the capture of an enemy ship and its cargo. In the past, it was common that the capturing force would be allotted a share of the worth of the captured prize. Nations often granted letters of marque which would entitle private parties to capture enemy property, usually ships. Once the ship was secured on friendly territory, it would be made the subject of a prize case, an "in rem" proceeding in which the court determined the status of the condemned property and the manner in which it was to be disposed of. Due to changes in the laws of war and the nature of warfare in general, prize litigation is very rare or nonexistent today.clarifyme|date=July 2008 For example, the German commerce raiding during World War I obtained several ships as prizes. [Lehmann Chapter VI]

There have been several abortive attempts to form an International Prize Court to hear appeals regarding captures of prizes.Fact|date=July 2008

Municipal law

United States

Prize law under United States municipal law is codified at UnitedStatesCode|10|7651|7681. As noted above, due to changes in the nature of naval warfare, the U.S. courts have not tried any prize cases under these statutes.Fact|date=July 2007

ee also

*Pillaging or Looting
*Prize rules
*Prize court
*Prize crew
*Commerce raiding
*Privateer

Notes

*Lehmann, Ernst A.; Mingos, Howard. The Zeppelins. The Development of the Airship, with the Story of the Zepplins Air Raids in the World War. [http://www.hydrogencommerce.com/zepplins/zeppelin6.htm Chapter VI THE NORTH SEA PATROL -- THE ZEPPELINS AT JUTLAND] (online chapter)


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