- Military equipment of Israel
The military equipment of Israel includes a wide array of arms, tanks, planes, cannons, armored vehicles. Many of these are purchased overseas. Up until the Six-Day War of 1967, the Israel Defense Forces' principal supplier was France, since then, it has been the United States government and defense companies. Even more recently, Israeli companies such as Soltam Systems have been selling arms to the United States. Much of the military equipment undergoes improvements in Israeli workshops. In addition to weapons purchased overseas and indigenous products, Israel also operates and maintains large stockpiles of Soviet equipment captured from Arab armies over the course of the Arab-Israeli Conflict.
- 1 History
- 2 Local military development
- 3 Ground forces equipment
- 4 Air forces equipment
- 5 Naval forces equipment
- 6 Remote weapon systems
- 7 Space systems
- 8 See also
- 9 References
During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the military equipment in the IDF was very diverse and inconsistent. This was due to the severe limitation in obtaining war material (the British Mandate and the Arab Embargo). During the 1950s, the IDF began the process of standardization, relying primarily on French military equipment.
During the Six Day War, the military cooperation with France ceased (the French Weapons Embargo of 1967) and Israel began to rely on American weaponry and on local research and developments. During the 1980s and 1990s, the IDF increased its supplies of American arms, armor and aircraft, aiming for technological superiority over Arab countries, toward "a smaller, smarter army."
The reliance on locally manufactured military equipment has also greatly increased. Today, the overwhelming majority of Israel's military equipment is either manufactured in the United States (and often modified in Israeli workshops), or is developed and manufactured locally, with an increasing emphasis on advanced technology, including aerospace and electronics.
Local military development
Some of the military equipment developed locally have been:
Ground forces equipment
Name Type Caliber Origin Notes Jericho 941 Semi-Automatic Pistol 9x19mm Israel Glock 17 Semi-Automatic Pistol 9x19mm Austria Glock 19 Semi-Automatic Pistol 9x19mm Austria Browning Hi-Power Semi-Automatic Pistol 9x19mm Belgium Beretta M951 Semi-Automatic Pistol 9x19mm Italy Heckler & Koch P11 Underwater pistol 7.62x36mm Germany IMI Uzi Submachine Gun 9x19mm Israel Uzi, Mini-Uzi and Micro-Uzi used. Ingram Mac-10 Submachine Gun 9x19mm United States IMI Micro Tavor MTAR-21 Submachine Gun and Bullpup Assault Rifle 9x19mm / 5.56x45mm Israel Variant of the Tavor Assault Rifle, replacing the Uzi, and becoming the standard issue assault rifle IMI Tavor TAR-21 Assault Rifle 5.56x45mm Israel Variants used are TAR-21, GTAR-21, STAR-21 and CTAR-21 M4 Carbine Assault Rifle 5.56x45mm United States M16A1 Assault Rifle 5.56x45mm United States CAR-15 Assault Rifle 5.56x45mm United States IMI Galil Assault Rifle 5.56x45mm Israel Variants used are Galil AR and Galil SAR IMI Micro Galil Assault Rifle 5.56x45mm Israel Highly compact version of the Galil AKM Assault Rifle 7.62x39mm Soviet Union Captured from Arab armies over the course of the Arab-Israeli Conflict and used by Special Forces. AK-47 Assault Rifle 7.62x39mm Soviet Union Captured from Arab armies over the course of the Arab-Israeli Conflict and used by Special Forces. M14 Battle Rifle 7.62x51mm United States IMI Negev Light Machine Gun 5.56x45mm Israel M1919 Browning Light Machine Gun .30-06 Springfield United States of America FN MAG General Purpose Machine Gun 7.62x51mm Belgium PKM General Purpose Machine Gun 7.62x54mmR Soviet Union Captured from Arab armies over the course of the Arab-Israeli Conflict and used by Special Forces. Browning M2 Heavy Machine Gun 12.7x99mm United States Remington 870 Shotgun 12 Gauge United States Mossberg 500 Shotgun 12 Gauge United States SR-25 Sniper Rifle 7.62x51mm United States IMI Galatz Sniper Rifle 7.62x51mm Israel Sniper variant of the Galil M24 Sniper Rifle 7.62x51mm United States HTR 2000 Sniper Rifle .338 Lapua United States M89SR Sniper Rifle 7.62x51mm Israel Barrett M82 Anti Materiel Rifle 12.7x99mm United States M26A2 Fragmentation Grenade n/a Israel Based on the American M26 grenade IDF M48 Stun grenade n/a Israel Based on the American M84 stun grenade Suppressed Ruger 10/22 Semiautomatic rifle .22LR United States Adopted for non-lethal crowd control, though not always used as such Armsel Striker Revolving Shotgun 12 Gauge South Africa Used for riot control
Rocket and grenade launchers
Name Type Caliber Origin RPG-7 Shoulder-launched Rocket 85mm Soviet Union B-300 Shoulder-launched Rocket 82mm Israel Shipon Shoulder-launched Rocket 83mm Israel M72 LAW Shoulder-launched Rocket 66mm United States MATADOR Shoulder-launched Rocket 90mm Israel/ Singapore M79 Stand-alone Grenade Launcher 40mm United States M203 Under-Barrel Grenade Launcher 40mm United States Mk 19 Automatic Grenade Launcher 40mm United States Mk 47 Striker Automatic Grenade Launcher 40mm United States
Name Type Origin Spike Anti-Tank Missile Israel BGM-71 TOW Anti-Tank Missile United States LAHAT Anti-Tank Missile Israel MAPATS Anti-Tank Missile Israel Nimrod Long-range anti-tank missile Israel M47 Dragon Anti-Tank Missile United States
Name Type Number in Service Origin Notes Merkava Mark IV Main Battle Tank 320 Israel Additional 300 in production Merkava Mark III Main Battle Tank 780 Israel Merkava Mark II Main Battle Tank 400 Israel Merkava Mark I Main Battle Tank 180 Israel Magach 7 Tank 1,040 Israel/ United States In reserve, based on the American M60 Patton Magach 6 Tank 310 Israel/ United States In reserve, based on the American M60 Patton Magach 5 Tank 200 Israel/ United States In reserve, based on the American M48 Patton M113 Armored Personnel Carrier 5,500 United States IDF Achzarit Heavy Armored Personnel Carrier 215 Israel\ Soviet Union Based on the T-54 Tank Nagmachon Heavy Armored Personnel Carrier N/A Israel\ United Kingdom Based on the Centurion Tank Nakpadon Heavy Armored Personnel Carrier N/A Israel\ United Kingdom Based on the Centurion Tank Namer Heavy Infantry Fighting Vehicle 60 Israel 250 ordered. Based on the Merkava chassis. M1126 Stryker Infantry Fighting Vehicle 3 United States Israel has received three Stryker variants for trials Wolf Armored Vehicle 300 Israel Puma Heavy Combat Engineering Vehicle N/A Israel\ United Kingdom Based on the Centurion Tank CAT D9 Combat Armored Bulldozer 175 Israel/ United States Bulldozer manufactured by Caterpillar Inc., military conversion and armor by Israel. Exists in 3 models: L, N and R AIL Storm Utility vehicle 700 Israel HMMWV Utility vehicle 5,000 United States MDT David Utility vehicle 400 Israel\ United Kingdom Based on the Land Rover Defender Plasan Sand Cat Utility Vehicle 79 Israel AIL Abir 4x4 Truck N/A Israel M35 8x12 Truck N/A United States Unimog 437 Heavy Truck N/A Germany HEMTT 8x8 Heavy Truck N/A United States KamAZ-6350 8x8 Heavy Truck N/A Russia M548 Alfa Cargo & Ammunition Carrier N/A United States Based on the M113 M60 AVLB Armored Bridge Layer N/A United States Nemmera Armored Recovery Vehicle N/A Israel Based on the Merkava M88 Armored Recovery Vehicle N/A United States Nagmapop Command & Surveillance vehicle N/A Israel\ United Kingdom Based on the Centurion Tank AIL Desert Raider Dune Buggy N/A Israel VIPeR Unmanned Ground Vehicle N/A Israel Guardium Unmanned Ground Vehicle N/A Israel Black Thunder Unmanned Bulldozer N/A Israel\ United States Based on the Caterpillar D9
Name Type Number in Service Origin Notes M109 155mm Self-Propelled Howitzer 600 United States/ Israel Upgraded as the M109 Doher M110 203mm Self-Propelled Howitzer 36 United States M107 175mm Self-Propelled Howitzer 70 United States Soltam M-71 155mm Towed Howitzer 300 Israel Soltam M-68 155mm Towed Howitzer 50 Israel In reserve M-46 130mm Towed Howitzer 100 Soviet Union/ Israel In reserve, upgraded by Soltam Systems D-30 122mm Towed Howitzer N/A Soviet Union In reserve M270 Multiple Rocket Launcher 48 United States BM-21 Grad 122mm Multiple Rocket Launcher 60 Soviet Union Israel In reserve, upgraded MAR-290 290mm Multiple Rocket Launcher N/A Israel\ United States Based on the M4 Sherman Tank Cardom SP 120mm Self-Propelled Mortar 64 Israel Soltam M-65 120mm Mortar 250 Israel M113 Tamuz Missile Launching Vehicle N/A Israel Spike Missiles launched from an M113 chassis
Name Type Number in Service Origin Notes Machbet Air Defense Vehicle 400 Israel\ United States Based on the M163 VADS FIM-92 Stinger Shoulder-launched Surface-to-air missile 500 United States FIM-43 Redeye Shoulder-launched Surface-to-air missile N/A United States ZSU-23-4 Air Defense Vehicle 60 Soviet Union Bofors L/70 40mm Anti-Aircraft Gun N/A Sweden ZU-23-2 23mm Anti-Aircraft Gun N/A Soviet Union TCM-20 20mm Anti-Aircraft Gun N/A France\ Swiss\ Israel
Air forces equipment
Special mission aircraft
- USA/Israel G550 Eitam: AEW&C
- USA/Israel G550 Shavit: Electronic Warfare
- USA/Israel RC-12 Kookiya: Electronic Warfare
- USA/Israel B-200 Kookiya: Electronic Warfare
- Israel IAI SeaScan: Maritime Patrol
- USA C-130 Hercules
- USA Beechcraft Bonanza
- USA Beechcraft Super King Air
- USA Boeing 707
- USA Gulfstream G550
- Israel IAI Arava
- USA Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk
- USA Bell 206
- USA Sikorsky CH-53 Sea Stallion
- France Eurocopter Panther
Unmanned aerial vehicles
- Israel IAI Heron
- Israel IAI Eitan
- Israel IAI Harpy
- Israel IAI Harop
- Israel Elbit Hermes 450
- Israel Elbit Skylark
- USA MIM-104 Patriot surface-to-air missile
- USA MIM-23 Hawk surface-to-air missile
- Israel/USA Arrow anti-ballistic missile
- Israel PB500A1 laser-guided hard-target penetration bomb
- Israel M-85 cluster bomb
- USA CBU-58 cluster bomb
- USA Mk-20 Rockeye cluster bomb
- USA Mark 84 bomb
- Israel MPR-500 penetration bomb
- USA GBU-39 Small Diameter Bomb
- Israel Shafrir missile
- Israel Python air-to-air missile
- Israel/USA AGM-142 Have Nap air-to-surface missile
- USA AGM-65 Maverick air-to-surface missile
- USA AGM-45 Shrike air-to-surface anti-radiation missile
- USA AGM-78 Standard ARM air-to-surface anti-radiation missile
- USA AGM-114 Hellfire air-to-surface anti-tank missile
- USA AGM-62 Walleye glide bomb
- USA AIM-120 AMRAAM air-to-air missile
- USA AGM-65 Maverick air-to-ground missile
- USA AIM-9 Sidewinder heat seeking air-to-air missile
- USA MIM-72 Chaparral surface-to-air missile
- Israel Delilah cruise missile
- Israel Iron Dome anti-rocket and mortar defense missile
- Israel Jericho I short-range ballistic missile
- Israel Jericho II intermediate range ballistic missile
- Israel Jericho III intercontinental ballistic missile
Below are the IDF's active service watercraft. The year of service, speed, full load displacement, and crew members, are in parentheses.
- Israel Sa'ar 4 class missile boat (1970s; 32 kt; 450 tons; 45 crew members)
- Israel Sa'ar 4.5 class missile boat (1980s; 31 kt; 488 tons; 53 crew members)
- Israel Dabur (1970s; 19 kt; 39 tons; 9 crew members)
- Israel Shaldag (1989; ?; 50 kt; 15 crew members)
- Israel Super Dvora Mk II (1996; 46 kt; 54 tons; 10 crew members)
- South Africa Nachshol (1997; 40 kt; 12 tons; 5 crew members)
- Israel Super Dvora Mk III (2004; 47 kt; 54 tons; 10 crew members)
- Israel Dolphin type underwater craft
- Israel Maiale type underwater craft
- Israel Snunit boat
- Israel Zaharon boat
- Israel Moulit boat
- Israel Morena rigid-hull inflatable boat
Remote weapon systems
- Israel Typhoon Weapon System
- Israel Rafael Overhead Weapon Station
- Israel Samson Remote Controlled Weapon Station
- Israel Amos communications satellite
- Israel EROS earth observation satellite
- Israel Ofeq reconnaissance satellite
- Israel TecSAR reconnaissance satellite
- Israel Shavit space launch vehicle
- ^ http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/US-Army-Wants-120mm-GPS-Guided-Mortars-to-Fight-Afghan-Insurgents-05990/
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Jones, Richard (2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009-2010. Jane's Information Group. pp. 36, 380, 897. ISBN 0710628692.
- ^ Valpolini, Paolo (June 2009). "There are Two Types of Men in this World...". Armada International (Online). Archived from the original on June 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/5nWZl0BMW. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i "Israeli Special Forces Weapons Guide". http://www.isayeret.com/guides/weapons.htm. Retrieved 2010-10-13.
- ^ a b c d Katz, Sam (1986). Israeli Defence Forces since 1973. Osprey Publishing. pp. 22, 56, 49. ISBN 0850456878.
- ^ John Pike (2003-12-17). "Israel's army phases out country's iconic Uzi submachine gun". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/org/news/2003/031217-uzi.htm. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
- ^ Sweeney, Patrick (2005). The Gun Digest Book of the AR-15. Gun Digest Books. p. 131. ISBN 0873499476.
- ^ Sweeney, Patrick (2005). The Gun Digest Book of the AR-15. Gun Digest Books. p. 131. ISBN 0873499476.
- ^ Katz, Sam (1988). Israeli Elite Units since 1948. Osprey Publishing. p. 55. ISBN 0850458374.
- ^ "Ruger 10/22 Suppressed Sniper Rifle" at ruger1022.com
- ^ a b c "The Institute for National Security Studies", chapter Israel, 2010,  September 20, 2010.
- ^ Page, Lewis (31 March 2009). "Israelis' invulnerable, 60-tonne robot bulldozer force to double". The Register. http://www.theregister.co.uk/2009/03/31/idf_robot_d9_revelations/. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- ^ http://www.jpost.com/VideoArticles/Video/Article.aspx?id=231945
- ^ "Jane's" (Subscription required). IHS (Global) Limited. http://www8.janes.com/Search/documentView.do?docId=/content1/janesdata/yb/jlad/jlad0057.htm. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
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