Military Rabbinate

Military Rabbinate
Military Rabbinate
Active 1948
Country Israel
Allegiance Israeli Defense Force
Type Religious services
Role Infantry
Commanders
Current
commander
Brigadier General Rafi Peretz
Notable
commanders
Rabbi Shlomo Goren
Rabbi Shlomo Goren, the first Chief Military Rabbi for the Israel Defense Force, and later, Ashkenazic Chief Rabbi of Israel
Military Rabbinate Corps flag
Military Rabbinate Corps pin

The Military Rabbinate (Hebrew: חיל הרבנות הצבאית‎, Heil HaRabanut HaTzvait) is a corps in the Israel Defense Forces that provides religious services to soldiers, primarily to Jews but also including non-Jews, and makes decisions on issues of religion and military affairs. The Military Rabbinate is headed by the Chief Military Rabbi, who is ranked a Brigadier General. The current Chief Military Rabbi is Rafi Peretz.[1]

The Military Rabbinate constitutes the body responsible for religious institutions in the military. In every unit or military base there are Military Rabbinate soldiers assigned responsibility for assuring religious services, and in particular, the Kashrut of the kitchen and the maintenance of the synagogue and its inventory. Actively serving soldiers can request from the Rabbinate representatives to perform marriage ceremonies as well as the brit mila.

The Military Rabbinate is responsible for treating the bodies of soldiers from the Halakha standpoint, including the identification and post-mortem treatment of bodies, and conducting military funerals. In the past decade, the use of Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System was implemented, setting the IDF at the cutting edge of fingerprint identification technology[2]. The Military Rabbinate also attends to the burial of enemy soldiers and the exhuming in conjunction with prisoner exchanges. Prior to the establishment of ZAKA, it was also responsible for treating the victims of suicide attacks. More recently, it was placed in charge of dismantling of the cemetery in Gush Katif during the Gaza disengagement plan.

The Military Rabbinate was founded in 1948 by Rabbi Shlomo Goren, who headed it until 1968. Until 2000, the Chief Military Rabbi tended to remain in their positions for a considerable period of time. After Rabbi Goren, from 1968-1977, the Chief Military Rabbi was Rabbi Mordechai Peron. From 1977–2000, the position was held by Rabbi Gad Navon. From 2000-2006, the Chief Military Rabbi was Rabbi Israel Weiss.

Weiss introduced many changes into the Rabbinate including giving soldiers much more access to the unit and increasing the Rabbinate's dealings with the religious soldiers. Weiss is infamous for being the chief rabbi during the 2005 disengagement from Gaza and was in charge of disinterring 48 graves from the Gush Katif cemetery.[3] For that role, he has been criticized and attacked by opponents of the disengagement[4].

Succeeding him, Brigadier-General Rontzki began his service in the rabbinate on March 27, 2006. The appointment was recommended by the then Chief of Staff, Dan Halutz and approved by the then Minister of Defense, Shaul Mofaz.

This new appointment was seen as a direct consequence of the controversial remarks by Israel Weiss wherein he appeared to have agreed with the former Chief Ashkenazi National Authority of Religious Services Rabbi, Avraham Shapira, who called on soldiers who are religious Jews to disobey orders to forcefully remove settlers from the Gaza Strip during the Gaza disengagement plan. While Israel Weiss retracted and apologized for the "slip up", the event drew a great deal of controversy in military circles and in Israel in general.[citation needed]

Contents

2009 incitement controversy

According to Israeli left-wing human rights group Yesh Din, during the 2009 Gaza conflict the military rabbinate distributed a religious booklet that labeled specifically Palestinian terrorists as "murderers" and warned against showing mercy to them.[5] The publications compared modern-day Palestinians to the Biblical Philistines and denied the historical existence of a Palestinian national identity.[6] According to Yesh Din, the booklet could have been interpreted by soldiers as a call to act outside the confines of the international laws of warfare.[5]

A Haaretz editorial described the booklets as "sermons that preach, in the name of ostensibly religious values, the killing of civilians" and which "opposes all the combat values formulated in the IDF throughout the generations". The booklet includes sermons written by religious Zionist leader Shlomo Aviner[7]. It also accuses the material of fostering an atmosphere in which extremist sermons by Yitzhak Ginsburg praising Baruch Goldstein (described as "chauvinist and racist incitement") can be disseminated.[7]

Following a series of inquiries, both in the Knesset and within the IDF, it was determined that the distribution of the alleged booklets took place in a few isolated incidents, by non military personnel, without proper supervision of Military Rabbinate representatives[8]. Following this incident, guidelines were set to ensure the authority of both the Military Rabbinate and the Education and Youth Corps within the IDF.

See also

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • corps of the military rabbinate — Israeli military unit which caters to religious Jews …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Military chaplain — Catholic Mass in an Austrian military hospital, 1916. A military chaplain is a chaplain who ministers to soldiers, sailors, airmen, marines and other members of the military. In many countries, chaplains also minister to the family members of… …   Wikipedia

  • Rabbinate — The term rabbinate may refer to the office of a rabbi or rabbis as a group:*Chief Rabbinate of Israel, the supreme Jewish religious governing body in the state of Israel *Military Rabbinate, an Israel Defense Forces unit that provides religious… …   Wikipedia

  • Military Police Corps (Israel) — Military Police Corps Corps insignia Active 1944–present Country Israel …   Wikipedia

  • Military Advocate General — logo The Military Advocate General assists the Israel Defense Forces in imposing rules of conduct through legal advice, legal instruction, maintaining the mechanisms for military prosecution and legal defense, and fulfilling special legal tasks.… …   Wikipedia

  • Military Intelligence Directorate (Israel) — Military Intelligence Directorate Directorate of Military Intelligence Hebrew: אגף המודיעין‎ Common name Aman Agency overview Legal personality Governmental: Government agency …   Wikipedia

  • Military operations conducted by the Israel Defense Forces — Since its establishment in 1948, the modern State of Israel has been involved in a series of military operations (in addition to seven recognized wars) which all compose the military aspect of the complex Arab Israeli conflict. The following list …   Wikipedia

  • Military equipment of Israel — The military equipment of Israel includes a wide array of arms, tanks, planes, cannons, armored vehicles. Many of these are purchased overseas. Up until the Six Day War of 1967, the Israel Defense Forces principal supplier was France, since then …   Wikipedia

  • Military Court of Appeals — The Israeli Military Court of Appeals is the supreme military court of the Israel Defense Forces. It considers and judges over appeals submitted by the Military Advocate General which challenge decisions rendered by the District Military… …   Wikipedia

  • Religious symbolism in the United States military — Insignias (left to right) for Christian, Muslim and Jewish chaplains are shown on the uniforms of three U.S. Navy chaplains, 1998. (These were the only insignias in use at that time.) Religious symbolism in the United States military includes the …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»