- Yaroslavl Oblast
Federal subject of Russia
FlagLnk=Flag of Yaroslavl Oblast
CoALnk=Coat of Arms of Yaroslavl Oblast
PolStatLnk=Autonomous oblasts of Russia
de jure": Russian " de facto": Russian
Legislature=State Duma of the Yaroslavl Region
Yaroslavl Oblast ( _ru. Яросла́вская о́бласть, "Yaroslavskaya oblast") is a federal subject of
Russia(an oblast), which is located in the Central Federal District, surrounded by Tver, Moscow, Ivanovo, Vladimir, Kostroma, and Vologda Oblasts. This geographic location affords the oblast the advantages of proximity to Moscowand St. Petersburg. Additionally, the administrative center of the oblast—the city of Yaroslavl—is an intersection of major highways, railroads, and waterways.
Yaroslavl Oblast was established on
March 11, 1936.
*Oblast territory: 36,400 km²
*Population: 1,367,398 (2002 Census); 1,470,357 (1989 Census).
*Administrative center: Yaroslavl
*Distance from Yaroslavl to
Moscow: 282 km
*Urban population: over 80%
*Number of historical and architectural monuments: over 5,000
*Number of tourists (1997): 272,500Fact|date=February 2007
The climate is moderate continental, with snowy winters and a short but rather hot summer. Formerly almost all territory was covered with thick conifer forest (
fir, pine), but now a large portion of it has been replaced with birch-and- aspensecondary forests and crop fields. Swamps also take considerable areas.
Large animals have been much reduced in numbers, but there are still some
bears, wolves, foxes, elks, and wild boars.
A great number of wild
birds live and nest in the Oblast.
Volga Riverflows through Yaroslavl Oblast, with two major dams constructed at Uglichand Rybinsk. The Rybinsk Reservoir, filled between 1941 and 1947, is one of the largest in Europe; its filling flooded the town of Mologaand several hundreds of villages, necessitating the relocation of some 150,000 in Yaroslavl, Vologda, and Kalinin (now Tver) Oblasts.
Mineral resources are limited to construction materials (such as
sand, gravel, clay) and peat. There are also mineral water springs and wells.
These are population figures according to the Census of 2002:
*Total population: 1,367,398
*Urban population: 1,106,805
*Rural population: 260,593
*Average: 63 years
*Males: 57 years
*Females: 71 years
98% of residents are citizens of
*Total volume of output for 12 months of the year 1997: 15,933.1 billion rubles1)
*Total balance profit of enterprises for 12 months of the year 1997: 1,227.4 billion roubles2)
*Total tax collection for 12 month of the year 1997: 4,781.8 billion rubles (including Federal budget accruals in the amount of 1,999.3 billion roubles)
*Unemployment level: 2.4% of total workforce
1) large and medium-sized enterprises.
2) including industry, agriculture, construction, transport.
The oldest town is
The town of Mologa (known since the 13th century) has been engulfed by the Rybinsk artificial lake in 1940s.
*ru icon [http://www.adm.yar.ru Official website of Yaroslavl Region]
*en icon [http://www.adm.yar.ru/english/ Official website of Yaroslavl Region]
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