- Richard II, Duke of Normandy
Richard II (born
23 August 963, in Normandy, France– 28 August 1027, in Normandy), called the Good, was the son and heir of Richard I the Fearless and Gunnora. He succeeded his father as Duke of Normandyin 996. Richard held his own against a peasant insurrection, and helped Robert II of Franceagainst the duchy of Burgundy. He also repelled an English attack on the Cotentin Peninsulathat was led by Ethelred IIof England. He pursued a reform of the Norman monasteries.
Richard attempted to improve relations with England through his sister's marriage to King Ethelred, but she was strongly disliked by the English. However, this connection later gave his grandson,
William the Conqueror, part of his claim to the throne of England.
He married firstly (996) Judith (982-1017), daughter of Conan I of Brittany, by whom he had the following issue:
*Richard (c. 997), duke of Normandy
*Robert (c. 1000), duke of Normandy
*William, monk at
Fécamp, d. 1025
Renaud I, Count of Burgundy
*Eleanor, married to
Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders
*Matilda, d. 1033 - The only daughter of Richard and Judith who remained a virgin accouring to the Annals of
Secondly he married Poppa of Envermeu, by whom he had the following issue:
Archbishop of Rouen
*William , count of
Traditionally, Richard had a third wife named Astrid (Estritha), daughter of
Sweyn Forkbeard, King of England, Denmark, and Norway, and Sigrid the Haughty. This is extremely unlikely, however, given the political situation.
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