- Farooq Leghari
name = Farooq Leghari
سردار فاروق احمد خان لغاری
President of Pakistan
term_start = 14 November 1993
term_end = 2 December 1997
Benazir Bhutto Malik Meraj Khalid Nawaz Sharif
Pakistan Muslim League (Q)
birth_date = birth date and age|1940|05|29|df=y
Choti Zareen, Punjab, British India
Sardar Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari (
Urdu: سردار فاروق احمد خان لغاری) (born May 29, 1940) was President of Pakistanfrom November 14, 1993 until December 2, 1997.
Leghari was born in
Choti Zareen, a village of Dera Ghazi Khan District, Punjab on May 29, 1940 during the British Raj. He comes from a political family that has been active in politics in this part of the world since the pre-colonial days. His father Sardar Muhammad Khan Leghariand grand father Nawab Sir Muhmammad Jamal Khan Legharihad both been ministers.
After his initial schooling at
Aitchison College, Lahore where he was the head boy and declared the Best Leaving Student of 1957. He graduated with honours from the Forman Christian College, Lahore, Punjab where again he was amongst the best students, he went on to study PPE at College Oxford University.
After returning to
Pakistanhe joined the Civil Service and served for some time in East Pakistan(now Bangladesh). On the death of his father he resigned from service and came back to his roots to look after the tribal affairs of his tribe. He is the head ( Sardar) of the Legharitribe.
Joining Pakistan Peoples Party
He joined the
Pakistan Peoples Party, and was made leader of the party upon the imprisonment of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. He was put under house-arrest several times during the military regime of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.
President of Pakistan
In 1993, with the express support of the Pakistan Peoples Party he ran for the office of President and won the election against
Wasim Sajjad. In November 1996, utilizing his powers under Article 58 2(b) of the Constitution of Pakistan [ [http://www.pakistani.org/pakistan/leghari.order.html President Leghari's Order of November 5, 1996] ] , he dismissed the Peoples' Party Government of Benazir Bhuttoon charges of corruption, lawlessness and extra judicial killings.
Following the word of the
Constitution of Pakistanhe held elections for the National Assembly in 1997. The elections were won by the Pakistan Muslim Leagueand Nawaz Sharifwas elected Prime Minister. A decisive majority in the lower house of parliament led the Sharif Government to remove the controversial 8th amendment from the constitution of Pakistan. Leghari saw this as a threat to his power and conspired with the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Sajjad Ali Shah, to sack the Sharif Government. This led to an uprising against him and Shah, forcing both to resign.
Formation of Millat Party and coalition with PML-Q
Instead of retiring from politics, he went on to create his own political party, the
Millat Party, which entered into a coalition of seven parties, known as National Alliance, to participate in the general elections of 2002. The National Alliance, emerged as the 3rd largest group in the parliament and won 13 seats in the National Assembly. He entered in a coalition with the majority party to form the government, and his son Awais Leghariwas made a federal minister for Telecom and IT, as a consequence, and another of his deputies Yar Mohammad Rindalso was inducted in the Federal cabinet. Later Mohammad Ali Durraniand his niece Sumaira Malikfrom his party were inducted into the Federal Cabinet.
Part of ruling Pakistan Muslim League (Q)
With National Alliance being merged with ruling
Pakistan Muslim League (Q)in May 2004 to form united Pakistan Muslim League, Farooq Leghari also became the member of the newly constituted party, with his son Awais Leghari being one of its senior vice presidents.
His elder son Jamal Leghari has recently been elected to the
Senate of Pakistan. His daughter Faryal Leghari is an analyst and researcher in Security & Terrorism Studies at the Gulf Research Center in Dubai.
The contemporary press on Leghari
The renowned Pakistani journalist
Ayaz Amirsummarized Mr Leghari's political achievements as follows: "Leghari is a walking embarrassment, one of the worst disasters to hit Pakistan’s political landscape." [cite web|title="Longevity and endurance" |publisher=Daily Dawn, Karachi, Pakistan|author=Ayaz Amir |date=2005-07-01|accessdate=2007-08-06|url=http://www.dawn.com/weekly/ayaz/20050701.htm] Like many other politicians, Leghari allegedly received over 34 million rupees from the national funds during 1993/1994 in order to rig elections. [cite web|title="We never learn from history – 7"|publisher=Daily Dawn, Karachi, Pakistan|author=Ardeshir Cowasji |date=2007-08-12|accessdate=2007-08-13|url=http://dawn.com/weekly/cowas/20071208.htm]
Notes and references
* [http://www.state.gov/www/global/human_rights/1996_hrp_report/pakistan.html US Department of State----Pakistan Country Report on Human Rights Practices for 1996 under Leghari/Benazir Government]
Foreign Minister of Pakistan
years = 1993
before = Abdul Sattar
Asif Ahmad AliSuccession box
President of Pakistan
years = 1993 – 1997
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