Viscum


Viscum

Taxobox
name = "Viscum"



image_width = 240px
image_caption = "Viscum album" growing on a "Populus" species
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Santalales
familia = Santalaceae
genus = "Viscum"
genus_authority = L.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = See text

"Viscum" is a genus of about 70-100 species of mistletoes, native to temperate and tropical regions of Europe, Africa, Asia and Australasia. Traditionally, the genus has been placed in its own family Viscaceae, but recent genetic research by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group shows this family to be correctly placed within a larger circumscription of the family Santalaceae.

They are woody hemi-parasitic shrubs with branches 15-80 cm long, which grow on other trees. The foliage is dichotomously or verticillately branching, with opposite pairs or whorls of green leaves which perform some photosynthesis (minimal in some species, notably "V. nudum"), but with the plant drawing its mineral and water needs from the host tree. Different species of "Viscum" tend to use different host species; most species are able to utilise several different host species.

The flowers are inconspicuous, greenish-yellow, 1-3 mm diameter. The fruit is a berry, white, yellow, orange, or red when mature, containing several seeds embedded in very sticky juice; the seeds are dispersed when birds (notably the Mistle Thrush) eat the fruit, and remove the sticky seeds from the bill by wiping them on tree branches where they can germinate.

;Selected species
*"Viscum album" – European Mistletoe
*"Viscum articulatum"
*"Viscum bancroftii"
*"Viscum coloratum"
*"Viscum cruciatum" – Red-berried Mistletoe
*"Viscum diospyrosicola"
*"Viscum fargesii"
*"Viscum liquidambaricola"
*"Viscum loranthi"
*"Viscum minimum"
*"Viscum monoicum"
*"Viscum multinerve"
*"Viscum nudum"
*"Viscum orientale"
*"Viscum ovalifolium"
*"Viscum triflorum"
*"Viscum whitei"
*"Viscum yunnanense"

References

* [http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=134632 Flora of China: "Viscum"]
* [http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=134632 Flora of Pakistan: "Viscum"]
* [http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/cgi-bin/nph-readbtree.pl/feout?FAMILY_XREF=&GENUS_XREF=Viscum&SPECIES_XREF=&TAXON_NAME_XREF=&RANK= Flora Europaea: "Viscum"]
*APNI | name=Viscum L. | id = 40816
* [http://www.mistletoe.org.uk/RestOfWorld/InWorldViscaceae.htm Mistletoe Pages: "Viscum"]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Viscum — Viscum …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Viscum [1] — Viscum (Viscus, lat.), der Vogelleim. Viscum aurium, der Ohrenschmalz …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Viscum — Vis cum, n. [L.] 1. (Bot.) A genus of parasitic shrubs, including the mistletoe of Europe. [1913 Webster] 2. Birdlime, which is often made from the berries of the European mistletoe. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Viscum [2] — Viscum, Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Loranthaceae, Diöcie, Tetrandie L.; Blüthen zweihäusig, die männliche mit einfacher viertheiliger Blüthenhülle, Staubgefäße an die Blüthenhüllblätter gewachsen, Weibchen mit ganzem, oberständigem… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Viscum — Tourn. (Mistel), Gattung der Loranthazeen, kleine, grüne Schmarotzersträucher mit gegen ständigen, gegliederten Ästen, einfachen, gegenständigen Laubblättern oder nur mit schuppenartigen Blättern, diözischen oder monözischen Blüten in kleinen,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Viscum — L., Mistel, Pflanzengattg. der Loranthazeen, immergrüne Baumschmarotzer. Bei uns V. album L. (weiße Mistel [Abb. 1924; a männliche, b weibliche Blüte, c Frucht, d Längsschnitt durch dieselbe, e, f Schnitte durch die Anheftungsstelle auf der… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Viscum — Viscum, lat., Leim; v. album, s. Mistel; viscid, zähe, klebrig; Viscosität. zäher Schleim …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Viscum —   Viscum …   Wikipedia Español

  • Viscum — Misteln Weißbeerige Mistel (Viscum album) Systematik Abteilung: Bedecktsamer (Magnoliophyta) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Viscum — ? Омела Омела белая, растущая на тополе Научная классификация Царство: Растения Отдел …   Википедия