German exonyms


German exonyms

"Below is list of German language exonyms for former German places and places in non-German-speaking areas of the world :"

Links to more extensive lists

;Belgium
* List of German exonyms for places in Belgium

;Czech Republic
* List of German exonyms for places in the Czech Republic

;Croatia
* List of German exonyms for places in Croatia

;Denmark
* German exonyms for places in Denmark

;Estonia
* List of German exonyms for places in Estonia

;Hungary
* List of German exonyms for places in Hungary

;Italy
* List of German exonyms for places in Italy

;Latvia
* List of German exonyms for places in Latvia

;Switzerland
* List of German exonyms for places in Switzerland

;Poland
* List of German exonyms for places in Poland

List of German exonyms for places in other areas

Albania

* Tiranë Tirana

Belarus

* Hrodna Garten, Grodno

Croatia

* For a more detailed list see : List of German exonyms for places in Croatia

* Đurđevac Sankt Georgen
* Koprivnica Kopreinitz
* Osijek Esseg
* Pazin Mitterburg
* Senj Zengg
* Sisak Sissek
* Vinkovci Winkowitz
* Vukovar Wulkoburg, Wukowar
* Zagreb Agram

Croatian cities with German names

: "In addition, there are several cities in Croatia that were settled with German names."

* Karlstadt (now Karlovac)

Czechia

* Bor Haid
* Brno Brünn
* České Budějovice Budweis
* Český Těšín Teschen
* Havlíčkův Brod Deutsch Brod
* Hradec Králové Königgrätz
* Jihlava Iglau
* Karlovy Vary Karlsbad
* Liberec Reichenberg in Böhmen
* Olomouc Olmütz
* Ostrava Mährisch Ostrau
* Pardubice Pardubitz
* Plzeň Pilsen
* Praha Prag
* Ústí nad Labem Aussig
* Znojmo Znaim
* "For further names, see : List of German exonyms for places in the Czech Republic"

Czech cities with German names

: "In addition, there are several cities in the Czech Republic that were settled with German names."
* Rozemberk Rosenberg
* Rožmitál pod Třemšínem Rosenthal
* Samoty Adlerhütte
* Abertamy Abertham
* Adršpach Adersbach
* Starý Albenreuth Alt Albenreuth
* Starý Ehrenberg Alt Ehrenberg
* Starý Harcdorf Alt Harzdorf
* Starý Kinšperk Alt Kinsberg (originally Koeningsberg)
* Nový Špičák Alt Spitzenberg
* Salcperk Salzberg
* Šilperk Schildberg
* Šuniperk Sonnenberg
* Žumberk u Nových Hradů Sonnberg
* Žumberk Sonnberg
* Špindlerův Mlýn Spindlermühle
* Vemperk Wimberg
* Přední Glöckelberg Vorderglöckelberg
* Krumperky Grumbberg
* Kunvald Kunewald
* Karlsbrunn ve Slezsku Karlsbrunn über Würbenthal
* Kašperk Karlsburg
* Kynšperk nad Ohří Königsberg an der Eger
* Lázně Kynžvart Bad Königswart
* Brušperk Braunsberg
* Klášterec nad Ohří Klösterle an der Eger
* Klášterec Klösterle
* Klášter Kloster
* Český Šternberk Böhmisch Sternberg
* Fryštát Freistadt an der Olsa
* Frýdberk Friedeberg
* Kyšperk Geiersberg
* Frývaldov Freiwaldau
* Bruntál Freudenthal
* Frymburk Friedberg an der Moldau
* Hartenberk Hartenberg
* Hanšpach Hainsbach
* Hamstejn Hamstein
* Heneberky Henneberg
* Hodolany-Rolsberk Hodolein Rolsberg
* Janovice Johannesberg
* Jáchymov Sankt Joachimsthal
* Lanžhot Landshut in Mähren
* Lanškroun Landskron
* Žumberk Schumberg
* Štramberg Stramberg
* Štramberk Stramberg
* Vamberk Wamberg
* Huzova Deutsch Hause
* Německé Hořovice Deutsch Horschowitz
* Německý Jeseník Deutsch Jasnik
* Arnultovice Deutsch Kahn/Arnholdowitz
* Německý Chloumek Deutsch Kilmes
* Německá Brusnice Deutsch Prausnitz
* Rychnov u Nových Hradů Deutsch Reichenau mit Neugard
* Německý Rychnov u Frymburku Deutsch Reichenau bei Halsach
* Frýdštejn Friedstein
* Harrachov Harrachsdorf
* Jablonec nad Nisou Gablonz an der Neiße
* Tanvald Tannwald

Denmark

* København Kopenhagen
* Hejls Heils
* Mandø Mandö
* Ribe Ripen
* "For German exonyms in Sønderjylland see separate page: German exonyms for places in Denmark"

Estonia

* Pärnu Pernau
* Rakvere Wesenberg
* Tallinn Reval
* Tartu Dorpat
* "For further names, see: List of German exonyms for places in Estonia"

France

* Badonviller Badenweiler
* Besancon Bisanz
* Dunkerque Dünkirchen
* Longwy Longuich
* Montbéliard "archaic": Mömpelgard
* Mulhouse Mülhausen im Elsaß
* Nancy "archaic": Nanzig
* Nice Nizza
* Strasbourg Straßburg im Elsaß
* Thionville Diedenhofen
* Wisembach Weißenbach

:*"For German language exonyms in Alsace and Moselle, see" ::*German exonyms (Alsace):*German exonyms (Moselle)

Greece

* Athina Athen
* Kérkyra Korfu
* Kórinthos Korinth
* Patra Patras
* Piraiefs Piräus
* Thivai Theben
* Tíryntha Tiryns

Hungary

* Debrecen Debrezin
* Esztergom Gran, Österheim (possibly archaic; hist. [ "Barnes & Noble"s Revised Atlas of World History ] )
* Győr Raab
* Pécs Fünfkirchen
* Sopron Ödenburg
* Szeged Segedin
* Székesfehérvár Stuhlweißenburg
* Szombathely Steinamanger
* Vasvár Eisenburg
* "For further names, see : List of German exonyms for places in Hungary"

Italy

* Bergamo archaic: Bergheim / Wälsch-Bergen
* Milan Mailand
* Rome Rom
* Venezia Venedig
* Trieste Triest

Latvia

* Cēsis Wenden
* Daugavpils Dünaburg
* Liepāja Libau
* Rēzekne Rositten
* Ventspils Windau
* "For further names, see : List of German exonyms for places in Latvia"

Lithuania

:"see List of cities and towns in East Prussia"
* Klaipėda Memel
* Panevėžys Ponewiesch
* Šiauliai Schaulen
* Vilnius Wilna
* Ukmergė Wilkomir
* "For further names, see : List of German exonyms for places in Lithuania"

Luxembourg

"Note that this list only includes towns whose German name is significantly different from the official (mainly French) spelling. Towns that differ in the ending only (-ange/-ingen), e.g. Wormeldange=Wormeldingen are not included in this list."
* Aechelbour Ächelbur
* Ansembourg Ansemburg
* Antoniushaff Antoniushof
* Basbellain Niederbesslingen
* Bascharage Niederkerschen
* Bavigne Böwen
* Beaufort Befort
* Belair Neumerl
* Belvaux Beles
* Berbourg Berburg
* Berburgerhaff Berburgerhof
* Berlé Berl
* Bettembourg Bettemburg
* Bicherhaff Bicherhof
* Bigonville Bondorf
* Bivange Biwingen
* Blaschette Blanscht
* Boevange Bögen
* Boevange-sur-Attert Bögen an der Attert
* Bollendorf-Pont Bollendorferbrück
* Born-Moulin Bornmühlen
* Boudler Budler
* Boudlerbach Budlerbach
* Boulaide Bauschleiden
* Bour Bur
* Bourghaff Burghof
* Bourglinster Burglinster
* Bourscheid Burscheid
* Bourscheid-Moulin Burscheidermühle
* Boursdorf Bursdorf
* Brandenbourg Brandenburg
* Brouch Bruch
* Burange Büringen
* Burden Bürden
* Burschtermillen Burschtermühlen
* Capellen Kapellen
* Carelshaff Karlshof
* Cessange Zessingen
* Clemency Küntzig
* Clervaux Clerf
* Colbette Kolbet
* Colpach-Bas Nieder Colpach
* Colpach-Haut Ober Colpach
* Crauthem Krauthem
* Cruchten Krüchten
* Dasbourg-Pont Dasburgerbrück
* Doncols Donkholz
* Dudelange Düdelingen
* Elvange Elwingen
* Eschette Brescht
* Everlange Ewerlingen
* Feischterhaff Feischterhof
* Fensterdall Fenstertal
* Folschette Fulscht
* Fouhren Fuhren
* Fréiresmillen Freiersmühlen
* Greiveldange Greiweldingen
* Groëstaen Grünstein
* Hachiville Helzingen
* Hamiville Heinsch
* Hautbellain Oberbesslingen
* Hautcharage Oberkerschen
* Haut-Martelange Ober Martelingen
* Hespérange Hesperingen
* Hivange Hiwingen
* Hoesdorf Hösdorf
* Hongerhaff Hungerhof
* Kappellebour Kappellenbur
* Klenge Bourghaff Kleiner Burghof
* Koedange Ködingen
* Koenerhaff Könnerhof
* Koerich Körich
* Koeschette Köscht
* Kreiz Kreuz
* Lamadelaine Rollingen
* Larochette Fels
* Léierhaff Leierhof
* Luxembourg Luxemburg
* Marbourg Marburg
* Meysembourg Meisemburg
* Michelbrouch Michelbruch
* Michelsbierg Michelsberg
* Michelshaff Michelshof
* Mierschgronn Mierschgrund
* Moersdorf Mörsdorf
* Moesdorf Mösdorf
* Mondercrange Monnerich
* Mondorf-les-Bains Bad Mondorf
* Moserhaff Moserhof
* Moulin de Bigonville Bondorfermühle
* Moutfort Mutfurt
* Mullendorf Müllendorf
* Neihaisgen Neuhäuschen
* Perlé Perl
* Pétange Petingen
* Petit-Nobressart Klein Elcherodt
* Pontpierre Steinbrücken
* Quatre-Vents Vierwinden
* Rambrouch Rambruch
* Rodenbourg Rodenburg
* Rodenhaff Rodenhof
* Rombach-Martelange Rombach-Martelingen
* Roodt-lès-Ell Rodt bei Ell
* Roodt-sur-Eisch Rodt a.d. Eisch
* Roodt-sur-Syre Rodt a.d. Syr
* Roudenhaff Rodenhof
* Roulliger Rulliger
* Roullingen Rullingen
* Rousch Rusch
* Saeul Säul
* Sanem Sassenheim
* Schouweiler Schuweiler
* Schuttbourg Schüttburg
* Septfontaines Simmern
* Soleuvre Zolver
* Sonlez Soller
* Surré Syr
* Tarchamps Ischpelt
* Tetange Tetingen
* Troine Trotten
* Troine-Route Straß-Trotten
* Troisvierges Ulflingen
* Tuntange Tüntingen
* Wallendorf-Pont Wallendorferbrück
* Wincrange Wintger

Moldova

* Chişinău Kischinew
* Soltoaia Scholtoi
* Valea Norocului Glückstal
* Riscani Ryschkanowka
* Ciobanovca Hirtenheim

Netherlands

* Arnhem Arnheim
* Boskoop Boskop
* Den Haag Haag
* 's-Hertogenbosch Herzogenbusch
* Kerkrade Kirchrath
* Meerssen Mersen
* Nieuwenhagen Neuenhagen
* Nieuweschans Neuenschanz
* Nieuwstadt Neustadt
* Nijmegen Nimwegen
* Roermond Rurmund
* Strijthagen Streithagen
* Swalmen Schwalmen
* Ubach over Worms Waubach
* Wahlwiller Wahlweiler
* Winterswijk Winterswick

Norway

* Trondheim Drontheim (shortly used during World War II)

Poland

:"For further German places names see : List of German exonyms for places in Poland" and "List of cities and towns in East Prussia"
* Bielsko-Biała Bielitz-Biala
* Bydgoszcz Bromberg
* Bytom Beuthen
* Cieszyn Teschen
* Częstochowa Tschenstochau
* Gdańsk Danzig
* Gdynia Gdingen
* Gorzów Wielkopolski Landsberg a.d. Warthe
* Górowo Iławeckie Landsberg
* Gniezno Gnesen
* Katowice Kattowitz
* Koszalin Köslin
* Kraków Krakau
* Legnica Liegnitz
* Łódź Lodsch
* Nowy Sącz Neusandez
* Opole Oppeln
* Oświęcim Auschwitz
* Piotrków Petrikau
* Poznań Posen
* Sosnowiec Sosnowitz
* Szczecin Stettin
* Wałbrzych Waldenburg
* Warszawa Warschau
* Wrocław Breslau
* Zielona Góra Grünberg in Schlesien

Polish cities with German names

:"In addition there are several modern Polish cities that were settled with German names"
* Most cities in East Prussia
* Allenstein (German: "Stone castle at the Alle River", Polish name: "Olsztyn")
* Christburg (German: "Christ's castle"), renamed Dzierzgoń
* Kolberg (Polish name: "Kołobrzeg")
* Marienburg in Westpreußen (German: "Mary's castle" (both the castle and the town of Marienburg were named for their patron saint), Polish name: "Malbork")
* Waldenburg (German: "Forest castle", Polish name: "Wałbrzych")
* Thorn (Polish name: "Toruń")
* Kulm (Polish name: "Chełmno")
* Landsberg in Ostpreußen (renamed "Górowo Iławeckie")
* Landsberg an der Warthe (renamed: "Gorzów Wielkopolski")
* Neidenburg (Polish name: "Nidzica")
* Guttstadt (German: "Good city", Polish name "Dobre Miasto")
* Heilsberg im Ermland (Polish name "Lidzbark Warmiński")
* Bartenstein (German: "Stone castle of the Bartians / Bartia, Polish name: "Bartoszyce")
* Schippenbeil (Polish name: "Sępopol")
* Riesenberg (German: "Giant's mountain", Polish name: "Prabuty")

Portugal

* Lisboa Lissabon

Romania

* "For German exonyms in Transylvania, see: German exonyms (Transylvania)"
* Bacău Barchau
* Baia Mare Frauenbach
* Botoşani Botoschan
* Braşov Kronstadt
* Bucureşti Bukarest
* Buzău Busäu
* Câmpulung Langena
* Cluj-Napoca Klausenburg
* Constanţa Konstanza
* Craiova Kragau/Krajowa
* Curtea de Argeş Argisch
* Focşani Fokschan
* Galaţi Galatz
* Giurgiu Zurz/Sankt Georg
* Hunedoara Eisenmarkt
* Iaşi Jassy
* Oradea Großwardein
* Piatra Neamţ Kreuzburg an der Bistritz
* Piteşti Pitesk
* Râmnicu Sărat Rümnick/Rebnick
* Râmnicu Vâlcea Wultsch/Königsberg
* Reşiţa Reschitza/Reschitz
* Roman Romesmark
* Satu Mare Sathmar
* Sibiu Hermannstadt
* Sighişoara Schäßburg
* Slatina Zelatna
* Slobozia Freistadt
* Suceava Suczawa
* Târgovişte Tergowisch
* Târgu Jiu Tergoschwyl
* Târgu-Mureş Neumarkt
* Timişoara Temeschburg/Temeswar
* Tulcea Tultscha/Tultschs
* Turnu Măgurele Großnikopel

Russia

* "For German names of towns in Kaliningrad Oblast, see : German exonyms (Kaliningrad Oblast)" and "List of cities and towns in East Prussia"
* Moskva Moskau
* Sankt-Peterburg Sankt Petersburg (see below)
* Pskov Pleskau

Russian cities with German names

:"In addition there are several Russian cities that were settled with German names"
* Most cities in East Prussia (Kaliningrad Oblast)
* Saint Petersburg (German: "Sankt Petersburg"; Russian: "Санкт-Петербу́рг" (Sankt-Peterburg), "Saint Peter's castle")
* Königsberg (German : "The King's Mountain"; settled as Königsberg, renamed to Kaliningrad in honor of Mikhail Kalinin
* Kronstadt (German : "crown city")
* Peterhof (German : "Peter's estate")
* Yekaterinburg (German "Katharinenburg" : "Catherine's castle")
* Orenburg (German : "Castle upon the Or river")
* Oranienbaum (current) (the current town)
* Lomonosov (was "Oranienbaum", _ru. Ораниемба́ум; German for "orange tree", in modern German the word is "Orangenbaum")
* Shlisselburg (transliteration of German "Schlüsselburg" The name, meaning "key fortress" in German, refers to Peter's perception of the fortress as the "key to Ingria")

;Cities renamed
* Engels (founded as "Pokrovskaya sloboda", renamed "Pokrovsk" in 1914. In 1931, when it became the capital of the Volga German SSR, now a part of Saratov, it was renamed after Friedrich Engels)
* Jamburg (Settled as "Yama" or "Yamsky Gorodok", renamed "Jamburg", then "Yamburg', now "Kingisepp", Russian: Кингисе́пп)

erbia

* "For German place names in the Vojvodina region, please see : German exonyms (Vojvodina)"
* Beograd Belgrad
* Novi Sad Neusatz
* Vrsec Werschetz

lovakia

* Banská Bystrica Neusohl
* Bratislava Preßburg
* Komárno Komorn
* Košice Kaschau
* Nitra Neutra
* Petržalka Engerau
* Poprad Deutschendorf
* Prešov Preschau
* Trnava Tyrnau
* Trenčín Trentschin
* Žilina Sillein
* Zvolen Altsohl
* "For further names, see : List of German exonyms for places in Slovakia"

lovenia

: "For a more detailed list see: List of German exonyms for places in Slovenia"
* Celje Cilli
* Kranj Krainburg
* Ljubljana Laibach
* Maribor Marburg (a.d. Drau)
* Murska Sobota Olsnitz
* Novo Mesto Rudolfswerth
* Ptuj Pettau
* Slovenj Gradec Windischgrätz
* Velenje Wallein
* Žužemberk Seisenberg

pain

* Tenerife Teneriffa
* Zaragoza Saragossa

Ukraine

* Berehove Bergsäß
* Chernivtsi Tschernowitz/Czernowitz
* Chornobyl Tschernobyl
* Ivano-Frankivsk Stanislau
* Lviv Lemberg
* Uzhhorod Ungarisch Burg ("lit." Hungarian Citadel)

Ukrainian settlements with German names

:"In addition there are several Ukrainian settlements that were settled with German names"

* Kassel Komarivka
* Bergdorf Kolosova
* Glückstal Glinnaya
* Neudorf Karmanova
* Tranzfeld Fact|date=January 2008
* Mariental Georgievka
* Josefstal Sergeievka
* Schabo Kolonie Shabo
* Schabolat Belenkoye
* Schlenker Gut Fact|date=January 2008
* Schulz Gut
* Akkerman Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi
* Schulzenheim Bazaryanka

Exonyms for places outside of Europe

* Al Khalil-Hevron "(West Bank)" Hebron
* Bakı "(Azerbaijan)" Baku
* Beijing "(China)" Peking
* Cape Town "(South Africa)" Kapstadt
* Dār al-Bayḍāʼ "(Morocco)" Casablanca
* Dimashq "(Syria)" Damaskus
* Guangzhou "(China)" Kanton
* Haleb "(Syria)" Aleppo
* Iskandariya "(Egypt)" Alexandria
* Jiaozhou "(China)" Kiautschou
* Kolkata "(India)" Kalkutta
* Kokopo "(Papua-New Guinea)" Herbertshöhe
* Krung Thep "(Thailand)" Bangkok
* Ciudad de México "(Mexico)" Mexiko-Stadt
* New Delhi "(India)" Neu-Delhi
* Pyongyang "(Korea)" Pjöngjang
* Qahirah "(Egypt)" Kairo
* Qingdao "(China)" Tsingtau
* Singapore "(Singapore)" Singapur
* Sur "(Lebanon)" Tyrus
* Tblisi "(Georgia)" Tiflis
* Tiverya "(Israel)" Tiberias
* Tokyo "(Japan)" Tokio
* Tarabulus "(Libya)" Tripolis
* Ville de Djibouti "(Djibouti)" Dschibuti
* Walvis Bay "(Namibia)" Walfischbai
* Windhoek "(Namibia)" Windhuk
* Yangon "(Burma)" Rangun
* Yaoundé "(Cameroon)" Jaunde
* Yerushlayim-El Kuds "(Israel/West Bank)" Jerusalem

References

ee also

*Exonym and endonym
*German names for Central European towns
*German placename etymology
*List of English exonyms for German toponyms
*List of European exonyms
*List of cities and towns in East Prussia
*List of settlements in Kaliningrad Oblast
*German exonyms (Kaliningrad Oblast)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • German exonyms for places in Denmark — Below is list of German language exonyms for places in Denmark :*København Kopenhagen *Hejls Heils *Mandø Mandö *Ribe Ripenønderjyllandee also*German exonyms *List of European exonyms …   Wikipedia

  • German exonyms (Moselle) — Below is a list of German language exonyms for towns and villages in the French département of Moselle.ee also*German exonyms *List of European exonyms *Moselle …   Wikipedia

  • German exonyms (Vojvodina) — Below is a list of German language exonyms for towns and villages in the Vojvodina region of Serbia (German names are in parenthesis).B*Bač (Batsch) *Bačka Palanka (Deutsch Palanka) *Bačko Dobro Polje (Klein Ker) *Banatski Despotovac… …   Wikipedia

  • German exonyms (Transylvania) — Below is a list of German language exonyms for towns and villages in Transylvania, Romania. The German names are listed first, followed by the Romanian and the Hungarian names. A * Abtsdorf (bei Marktschelken): Ţapu (Csicsóholdvilág) * Abtsdorf… …   Wikipedia

  • German exonyms (Warmia) — This is a list of German language place names in Poland, now exonyms for towns and villages in the Warmia Region of the Warmian Masurian Voivodeship.Below are links to subpages with more detailed listings of the German language exonyms of towns… …   Wikipedia

  • German exonyms (Kaliningrad Oblast) — This is a list of German names for inhabited localities in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia.*Alexeyevka: Klein Kackschen (Kleinbirkenhain) *Aprelevka: Wargienen *Arkhangelskoye: Ebenhausen *Artemovka: Argenhof *Babushkino: Groß Degesen *Bagrationovsk:… …   Wikipedia

  • German exonyms (Masuria) — This is a list of German language place names in Poland, now exonyms for towns and villages in the Masuria Region of the Warmian Masurian Voivodeship.*Barciany Barten *Bartoszyce Bartenstein *Dąbrówno Gilgenburg *Działdowo Soldau *Ełk Lyck… …   Wikipedia

  • German exonyms (Pomeranian Voivodeship) — This is a list of German language place names in Poland, now exonyms for towns and villages in the Pomeranian Voivodeship*Borzytuchom Borntuchen *Bytów Bütow *Chojnice Könitz *Czarne Hammerstein *Człuchów Schlochau *Debrzno Preußisch Friedland… …   Wikipedia

  • German exonyms (Upper Silesia) — This is a list of German language place names in Poland, now exonyms for towns and villages in the Upper Silesia Region of the Silesian Voivodeship and Opole Voivodeship.*Gliwice Gleiwitz *Katowice Kattowitz *Zabrze Zabrze, from 1915 Hindenburg… …   Wikipedia

  • German exonyms (Olsztyn County) — *Barcikowo Battatron *Barczewko Alt Wartenburg *Barczewo Wartenburg *Barkweda Bergfriede *Bartąg Groß Bertung *Bartążek Klein Bertung *Bartołty Małe Klein Bartelsdorf *Bartołty Wielkie Groß Bartelsdorf *Bisztynek Bischofstein *Biskupiec… …   Wikipedia