Aerial landscape art


Aerial landscape art

::"(This article concerns painting and other non-photographic media. Otherwise, see aerial photography)"

Aerial landscape art is painting or other visual art which depicts or evokes the appearance of a landscape as seen from above, usually from a considerable distance, as it might be viewed from an aircraft or spacecraft. Sometimes the art is based not on direct observation but on aerial photography, or on maps created using satellite imagery. This kind of landscape art hardly existed before the 20th century, with its development of means of human transport which allow for actual overhead views of large landscapes.

The earliest depictions of aerial landscapes are maps, or somewhat map-like artworks, which show a landscape from an imagined bird's-eye viewpoint. For example, Australian Aborigines, beginning in very ancient times, created "country" landscapes - aerial landscapes depicting their country - showing ancestral paths to watering holes and sacred sites. Centuries before air travel, Europeans developed maps of whole continents and even of the globe itself, all from an imagined aerial perspective, aided with mathematical calculations derived from surveys and knowledge of astronomical relationships.

There were other pre-20th century Western artworks sometimes depicting a single town or precinct, in a manner that comes closer to real aerial landscape, showing a town or city more or less as it might look from directly overead. These map-like aerial townscapes often employed a kind of mixed perspective: while the overall view was quasi-aerial - showing the disposition of features arrayed as if seen from directly above - individual features of importance (such as churches or other major buildings) were pictured larger than scale, and angled as they might look to someone standing on the ground. The map-like functional purpose of these pictures meant that such landmarks ought to be recognizable to a viewer; therefore, a realistic overhead view of the scene would defeat the purpose. The advent of balloon travel in the 19th century encouraged the development of more realistic aerial landscapes, as the first pioneering aviators begin to learn what landscapes and buildings really looked like when viewed from directly overhead.

Modernist abstraction and the aerial landscape

The artist Kazimir Malevich (1878-1935), who wrote extensively on the aesthetics and philosophy of modern art, identified the aerial landscape (especially the "bird's-eye view", looking straight down, as opposed to an oblique angle) as a genuinely new and radicalizing paradigm in the art of the twentieth century. In his view, both air travel and — especially — aerial photography had created this broad change in consciousness. Unlike traditional landscapes, aerial landscapes often do not include any view of a horizon or sky, nor in such cases is there any recession of the view into an infinite distance. Additionally, there is a natural kinship between aerial landscape painting and abstract painting, not only because familiar objects are sometimes difficult to recognize when viewed aerially, but because there is no natural "up" or "down" orientation in the painting: often it seems that, as in a work of abstract expressionism, the painting might just as well be hung upside down or sideways. Furthermore, as in a Jackson Pollock or a Mark Tobey, such images often have an "all over" distribution of interest that defies any attempt to decide on a "correct" orientation or focal point.

In addition to Malevich, many other modern and contemporary artists have produced work inspired by aerial views of landscapes, including Georgia O'Keeffe, Susan Crile, Jane Frank, Richard Diebenkorn, Yvonne Jacquette, and Nancy Graves.

pecial case: the aerial cloudscape

The aerial cloudscapes painted by Georgia O'Keeffe in the 1960s and 1970s are a special case. Many of them are not landscapes at all, since they don't show any land. They depict images of clouds viewed from above, suspended in blue sky, with the land below nowhere to be seen: it is the view of clouds regarded at a downward and sideways angle, as from the window of an airplane. These paintings depict a kind of "pseudo-horizon," formed not where land meets sky but where the suspended layer of clouds - a "pseudo-ground" - meets the empty upper sky. See the external link below for an image of O'Keeffe's gigantic 1965 aerial cloudscape entitled "Sky Above Clouds IV", housed at the Art Institute of Chicago.

During this period, O'Keeffe also produced some aerial cloudscape paintings which qualify as true aerial landscape paintings, because they include a view of the land below the clouds. An example is "It Was Blue and Green" (1960; see external link to image below). This painting shows a view of land seen from above through a thin layer of clouds, combining the aerial landscape and aerial cloudscape genres.

ee also

Artists

*Kazimir Malevich
*Georgia O'Keeffe
*Susan Crile
*Jane Frank
*Yvonne Jacquette
*Nancy Graves
*Everett Warner
*Richard Diebenkorn
*Don Reichert
*Andreas Gursky

Other related topics

*Aerial perspective
*Aerial photography
*Aerial view
*Indigenous Australian art
*Cityscape
*Bird's-eye view
*Cloudscape (art)
*Cloudscape photography
*Landscape art
*Map
*Top-down perspective

References

Books

* Dreikausen, Margret, [http://www.worldcatlibraries.org/wcpa/ow/d729543b2ed70922.html "Aerial Perception: The Earth as Seen from Aircraft and Spacecraft and Its Influence on Contemporary Art"] (Associated University Presses: Cranbury, NJ; London, England; Mississauga, Ontario: 1985) ISBN 0-87982-040-3
* Faberman, Hilarie, [http://www.worldcatlibraries.org/wcpa/ow/4adcc1ba81b58044a19afeb4da09e526.html "Aerial Muse : The Art of Yvonne Jacquette"] (New York : Hudson Hills Press ; Stanford, Calif. : In Association with Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts at Stanford University, 2002) ISBN 1-55595-157-0
* Yoseloff, Thomas, [http://www.worldcatlibraries.org/wcpa/oclc/2651512 "Jane Frank : a Retrospective Exhibition"] (New York : A.S. Barnes, 1975) [exhibition catalogue] OCLC: 2651512

Other

*Lodder, Christina. [http://worldcat.org/oclc/193766460?tab=holdings#tabs "Malevich, Suprematism and Aerial Photography"] [article] Publication: HISTORY OF PHOTOGRAPHY, 28, Part 1 (2004): 25-40; ISSN 0308-7298

External links

* [http://www.askart.com/askart/artist.aspx?artist=34520 Information on Yvonne Jacquette at Askart.com]
* [http://homepage.newschool.edu/~dreikaum/ Margret Dreikausen page (with color images), at The New School, New York]
* [https://notes.utk.edu/bio/greenberg.nsf/0/6f47b62eaa281cc585256a4c007b5610?OpenDocument&Click= "The Aerial View and Art" - essay by Ashley Warriner, from a page at the University of Tennessee website]
* [http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/geok/geok_2.htm COLOR IMAGE of aerial cloudscape painting by Georgia O'Keeffe] : "Sky Above Clouds IV" (1965; oil on canvas; 8 x 24 ft.; Art Institute of Chicago)
* [http://www.artst.org/okeefe/1960+-+It+Was+Blue+and+Green+.jpgCOLOR IMAGE of aerial landscape painting by Georgia O'Keeffe] : "It Was Blue and Green", 1960
* [http://skutas.tripod.com/viewoverlakelewisville.htm Information on aerial paintings by Sandra Kutas]
* [http://www.abovephotography.com.au/EarthsArtwork "Earths Artwork": aerial photography art by Mike Swaine]
* [http://www.molloygallery.com/about.aspx Information on traditional Australian aerial "country" landscapes] , from the Molloy Gallery, California
* [http://www.creativeshake.com/MichaelMurray Aerial Art by Michael Murray. Contemporary art and commissions. ]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Landscape art — NOTOC : For the art of designing external spaces, see landscape architecture. For landscape photography, see nature photography. Landscape art depicts scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers, and forests. Sky is almost always included… …   Wikipedia

  • Aerial perspective — or atmospheric perspective is the effect on the appearance of an object by the atmosphere between it and a viewer (or the technique of depicting this effect in a work of art, such as a landscape painting). As the distance between an object and a… …   Wikipedia

  • Aerial photography — is the taking of photographs of the ground from an elevated position. The term usually refers to images in which the camera is not supported by a ground based structure. Cameras may be hand held or mounted, and photographs may be taken by a… …   Wikipedia

  • Aerial perspective (disambiguation) — Aerial perspective can refer to:*Aerial perspective or atmospheric perspective is the effect on the appearance of an object by the atmosphere between it and a viewer. *For art, photography, diagrams, maps, etc., that depict landscapes or other… …   Wikipedia

  • Landscape ecology — is the science and art of studying and improving the relationship between spatial pattern and ecological processes on a multitude of scales and organizational levels (Wu 2006, 2008; Wu and Hobbs 2007). In a broad sense, landscape ecology… …   Wikipedia

  • Art, Antiques, and Collections — ▪ 2003 Introduction       In 2002 major exhibitions such as Documenta 11 reflected the diverse nature of contemporary art: artists from a variety of cultures received widespread recognition for work ranging from installation to video to painting …   Universalium

  • aerial perspective — a technique of rendering depth or distance in painting by modifying the tone or hue and distinctness of objects perceived as receding from the picture plane, esp. by reducing distinctive local colors and contrasts of light and dark to a uniform… …   Universalium

  • Landscape zodiac — A landscape zodiac (or terrestrial zodiac) is a map of the stars on a gigantic scale, formed by features in the landscape, such as roads, streams and field boundaries. Perhaps the best known alleged example is the Glastonbury Temple of the Stars …   Wikipedia

  • Indigenous Australian art — is art produced by Indigenous Australians, covering works that pre date European colonization as well as contemporary art by Aboriginal Australians based on traditional culture.It has a history which covers over 40,000 years, and represent a… …   Wikipedia

  • Cloudscape (art) — A cloudscape by Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruysdael. (This article concerns painting and other non photographic media. Otherwise, see cloudscape photography.) In art, a cloudscape is the depiction of a view of clouds or the sky. Usually, as in the… …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.