- Saskatchewan Liberal Party
party_name = Saskatchewan Liberal Party
party_wikicolourid = Liberal
status = active
class = prov
leader = Frank Proto (interim)
president = Frank Proto
foundation = 1905
headquarters =845A McDonald Street
seats_house = 0
website = [http://saskliberal.ca/ http://saskliberal.ca/] The Saskatchewan Liberal Party is a
political partyin the Canadian province of Saskatchewan.
Early history (to 1944)
The party dominated Saskatchewan politics for the province's first forty years providing six of the first seven premiers, and being in power for all but five of the years between the province's creation in 1905 and
World War II. Located on the middle of the political spectrum, it assiduously courted "ethnic" (i.e., non-British) voters, as well as the organized farm movement, and refused to pander to "nativist" sentiment that culminated in the short, spectacular existence of the Ku Klux Klanin Saskatchewan in 1927-28.
Varying fortunes (1944-1978)
In the 1944 election, however, Saskatchewan experienced a dramatic change when it elected the first socialist government in North America under
Tommy Douglasand the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation. The Liberals moved to the political right and remained out of power for twenty years until Ross Thatcher's victory in 1964 election. Thatcher led the Liberals to re-election in 1967.
After the defeat of the Liberals in the 1971 election at the hands of the CCF's successor, the
Saskatchewan New Democratic Party, the party remained the principal opposition party in the province until the 1978 election, when the party was wiped out and replaced by the Progressive Conservatives.
The Liberals came under the leadership of future Lieutenant Governor
Lynda Haverstockin 1989. The Liberals were only able to take limited advantage of the collapse of Grant Devine's scandal and deficit-ridden Conservative government in the 1991 election, but Haverstock was able to win her Saskatoon seat.
In the 1995 election, the Liberals displaced the
Progressive Conservative Party of Saskatchewanto become the Official Oppositionto the re-elected New Democrat government of Roy Romanow. Dissatisfaction within the Liberal caucus saw the resignation of Lynda Haverstock as party leader. The
In 1997, four Liberal Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) joined forces with four members of the Progressive Conservative Party of Saskatchewan of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) to form the
Saskatchewan Party. [ [http://www.cbc.ca/saskvotes2003/features/feature4.html CBC - Saskatchewan Votes 2003 ] ] On November 24, 1996, the Saskatchewatchewan Liberal party elected Jim Melenchukon the third ballot as party leader.
The 1999 election reduced the Liberals, then led by
Jim Melenchuk, to only four seats and third party status in the legislature. The fourth seat, Wood Riverlater had its election results were overturned and a by-election was held and won by Yogi Huyghebaertthe Saskatchewan Party candidate. The New Democrats, however, had only won a minority of seats and persuaded three Liberals to form a coalition governmentwith the New Democrats. Two Liberals, Jim Melenchuk and Jack Hillson were then appointed to positions in the Cabinetand the third Ron Osikawas elected Speaker of the Legislature. Rank-and-file members of the Liberal party were against the coalition government and called for a leadership convention. On October 27, 2001 Saskatchewan Liberals elected businessman David Karwackias the new leader after defeating MLA Jack Hillsonwho had initially joined the coalition, but later withdrew. Karwacki soon ordered the other two Liberal MLAs, Melenchuk and Ron Osika to leave the coalition. They refused and sat as independent Members of the Legislative Assembly and continued in the coalition.
The internal party feud hurt Liberal fortunes, as did a polarized electorate, and a poorly run election campaign which saw the party shut out of the legislature in the 2003 election. It was the first time in over 20 years in which the Liberal Party was unable to win a single seat. In the 2007 election the Saskatchewan Liberal Party was once again shut out of the Legislature. [ [http://www.canada.com/reginaleaderpost/features/electionsaskatchewan/www.canada.com/reginaleaderpost/news/story.html?id=50f499a7-c741-4b9f-a2c0-60d5e34250ab Experts say it's time for a change ] ] Karawacki resigned as Liberal leader one month later.
The Saskatchewan Liberal leadership convention will be held in Regina on November 14th and 15th, 2008 to elect a new party leader. [ [http://saskliberal.ca/?p=home&id=210 Saskatchewan Liberal Party Announces Date for Leadership Convention] ]
*Walter Scott (
August 16, 1905-October 1916)
William M. Martin( October 20, 1916- April 5, 1922)
Charles A. Dunning( April 5, 1922- February 26, 1926)
James G. Gardiner( February 26, 1926- October 31, 1935)
William John Patterson( October 31, 1935- August 6, 1946)
*Walter Tucker (
August 6, 1946-1954)
Alexander H. McDonald( November 26, 1954- September 24, 1959)
Ross Thatcher( September 24, 1959-1971)
David Steuart( December 11, 1971-1976)
*Ted Malone (
December 11, 1976-1981)
Ralph Goodale( June 13, 1981-late 1988)
Lynda Haverstock( April 2, 1989- November 12, 1995)
Ron Osika(1996) (Interim)
Jim Melenchuk( November 24, 1996-2001)
David Karwacki( October 27, 2001- December 21, 2007)
*Frank Proto (since December 21, 2007) (interim)
Saskatchewan Liberal Party leadership conventions
*List of Saskatchewan political parties
Politics of Saskatchewan
* [http://saskliberal.ca/ Saskatchewan Liberals]
* [http://saskyoungliberals.ca/ Saskatchewan Young Liberals]
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