Japan National Route 20


Japan National Route 20

Infobox road
state=Japan
type=National
route=20
name_notes=国道20号 "Kokudō nijū-gō"
maint=


length_km=225.0
length_round=
length_ref=
established=
direction_a=South
terminus_a=Jct|state=Japan|Route|1|Route|4|Route|6|Route|14|Route|15|Route|17 in Nihonbashi, Chūō
junction=
direction_b=North
terminus_b=Jct|state=Japan|Route|19|Route|153 in Shiojiri, Nagano
cities=Hachiōji
Kofu
browse=
commons=category
customcommons=Route 20 (Japan)

National Route 20 is a national highway connecting Tokyo and Nagano Prefecture in Japan. Originating at Nihonbashi in Chūō, Tokyo, it passes through Shinjuku and four other wards, and then seven cities, including Hachiōji in Tokyo. It follows a westward route into Kanagawa Prefecture, passing through the city of Sagamihara and one town. Continuing into Yamanashi Prefecture, the highway passes through nine cities and towns, among them the prefectural capital of Kofu. In Nagano Prefecture, Route 20 passes through five cities and towns before entering Shiojiri, where it terminates at the intersection of Routes 19 and 153. The highway is 225.0 km long.

Route 20 is the successor to the Kōshū Kaidō, an Edo period highway connecting the shogunal capital of Edo and Kofu, then the principal city in Kai Province (or Kōshū, as it was also known). Parts of it still bear the old name.

The road's course passes the Sakurada Gate of the Tokyo Imperial Palace. Shinjuku Station is on Route 20. The marathon course of the Tokyo Olympics included parts of Route 20.

History

*1952-12-04 - First Class National Highway 20 (from Tokyo to Shiojiri, Nagano)
*1965-04-01 - General National Highway 20 (from Tokyo to Shiojiri, Nagano)

Overlapping sections

*From Nihonbashi to Chiyoda (Sakuradamon intersection): Route 1
*In Hachioji, from Yokamachi intersection to Yawatamachi intersection: Route 16
*In Otsuki, from intersection to Otsuki-bashi east intersection: Route 139
*From Kai (Ryuo-rittai intersection) to Nirasaki (Funayama-bashi kita intersection): Route 52

Intersects with

*Tokyo
**Routes 4 and 15; at the origin, in Nihonbashi (Route 4 overlaps with 6, 14 and 17)
**Route 1; from Nihonbashi to Chiyoda
**Route 246; at Chiyoda
**Chofu IC, Chuo Expressway at Chōfu
**Kunitachi-Fuchu IC, Chuo Expressway at Kunitachi
**Route 16; at Hachioji
*Kanagawa Prefecture
**Route 412 and Sagamiko-Higashi Exit, Chuo Expressway; at Sagamihara
**Sagamiko IC, Chuo Expressway at Sagamihara
*Yamanashi Prefecture
**Route 139 and Otsuki IC, Chuo Expressway; at Otsuki
**Route 137; at Fuefuki
**Routes 140 and 358; at Kofu
**Route 52; from Kai to Nirasaki
**Route 141; at Nirasaki
*Nagano Prefecture
**Rotues 152 and 299; at Chino
**Route 142; at Shimosuwa
**Routes 19 and 153; at the terminus, in Shiojiri


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