Sierra San Pedro Mártir

Sierra San Pedro Mártir

The Sierra San Pedro Mártir is a mountain chain that runs north-south along the middle part of the northwestern Mexican state of Baja California, with its name Spanish for "mountains of Saint Peter the Martyr". The highest point is Cerro de la Encantada, 3096 m (10,158 ft). Also known as Picacho del Diablo, this is the highest point in the state of Baja California, as well as the entire Baja California Peninsula.

The Sierra San Pedro Mártir is one of the Peninsular Ranges, which run from southern California to the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula. The San Pedro Mártir range has a very similar flora to the Sierra Juárez mountains just to the north, and these forests, which are surrounded at lower elevations by chaparral and desert shrub, are known as the Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests. The flora is distinct from the flora of the rest of Mexico, and shares many species with the Laguna Mountains and San Jacinto Mountains in southwest California. Typical conifer species include White Fir, Sugar Pine and Jeffrey Pine. Snow usually coats the highest peaks of the range during winter.

The Parque Nacional Sierra de San Pedro Mártir was established by presidential decree in 1974, protecting an area of 650 km² (250 square miles). It was the first of two national parks to be established on the Baja California Peninsula. The other is the Parque Nacional Constitución de 1857, in the Sierra Juárez mountains to the north.

The National Astronomical Observatory is located at an elevation of 2,830 m (9,285 ft). The observatory was built in 1975, and has several large telescopes, the largest of which is 2.1 m (approximately 82 inches). The observatory takes advantage of the high elevation, along with typically clear skies, low relative humidity, low atmospheric pollution, low light pollution, and low levels of radio interference.

Captive-born California Condor have been re-introduced to the wild in the Sierra San Pedro Martir, the first time they have been seen in the range since 1937.

External links

* [ Parque Nacional Sierra de San Pedro Mártir official website (Spanish)]
* [ National Observatory website (Spanish)]
* [ National Geographic Ecoregion Profile]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sierra San Pedro Mártir — Der Picacho del Diablo Die Sierra San Pedro Mártir ist eine Gebirgskette im mexikanischen Bundesstaat Baja California, die von Nord nach Süd verläuft. Das Gebirge erstreckt sich auf einer Fläche von 12.416 km². Die Nord Süd Ausdehnung ist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sierra San Pedro Mártir — ▪ mountain range, Mexico       mountain range in central Baja California state, northwestern Mexico. The range stretches southward about 90 miles (145 km) from southeast of Ensenada to San Fernando. Farther south the range becomes the Sierra de… …   Universalium

  • San Pedro Mártir — (a reference to the martyrdom of St. Peter) may refer to: *Sierra San Pedro Mártir, a mountain range on Mexico s Baja California Peninsula, part of which is: **Parque Nacional Sierra de San Pedro Mártir, a national park *San Pedro Mártir, Oaxaca …   Wikipedia

  • Sierra de San Pedro Mártir National Park — is a national park in the Sierra San Pedro Mártir of the Mexican state of Baja California.The park is known for its pine trees and granite rock formations. The park s Devil’s Peak is a summit reaching 3,078 meters, and is used for rock climbing.… …   Wikipedia

  • San Pedro Mártir — ist der Name einer mexikanischen Gebirgskette, siehe Sierra San Pedro Mártir einer mexikanischen Insel im Golf von Kalifornien, siehe Isla San Pedro Mártir eines mexikanischen Flusses, siehe Río San Pedro Martír Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sierra Juárez and San Pedro Mártir pine-oak forests — The Sierra Juárez and San Pedro Mártir pine oak forests is a small ecoregion that covers the higher elevations of the Sierra Juárez and Sierra San Pedro Mártir ranges of the northern Baja California Peninsula in Mexico, near the border with… …   Wikipedia

  • Sierra de San Pedro Mártir — Pour les articles homonymes, voir San Pedro Martir. 30° 45′ 00″ N 115° 13′ 00″ W …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sierra de San Pedro Mártir — Coordenadas: 30°45′N 115°13′O / 30.75, 115.217 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Misión San Pedro Mártir de Verona — Mission San Pedro Mártir was established by the Dominican missionary José Loriente in 1794, in the mountain range of the same name in northern Baja California, Mexico. Located at an elevation above 1,500 meters above sea level and far inland,… …   Wikipedia

  • Parque Nacional Sierra de San Pedro Mártir — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Sierra de San Pedro Mártir Categoría IUCN II (Parque nacional) …   Wikipedia Español

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