Flag of Venezuela

Flag of Venezuela

Infobox flag
Name = Venezuela
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Use = 011011
Symbol =
Proportion = 2:3
Adoption = March 12 2006
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Designer =

Nickname2 =
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Use2 = 100100
Symbol2 =
Proportion2 =
Adoption2 = March 12 2006
Design2 =
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The flag of Venezuela dates from 1811, the beginning of that nation's struggle for independence. The basic design includes a horizontal tricolor of yellow, blue, and red. Further modifications have involved including a set of stars, multiple changes to the placement and number of stars and inclusion of an optional coat of arms at the upper-left corner.

Original flag

The flag is the one primarily adopted by the National Congress of 1811, consisting of three equal horizontal stripes. This original design, conceived in Jacmel, Haiti, was by Francisco de Miranda who on March 12 1806 hoisted a flag with three stripes (yellow, blue and red), after his interlude in the newly independent island country, on his ship headed to the Venezuelan port of Coro on his second attempt to initiate an independence movement. Previously, in Venezuela the Flag Day was celebrated on March 12, until August 3, 2006. Originally, Francisco de Miranda intended to use the colors black, red and yellow; similar to Germany's flag.Fact|date=August 2008

The yellow band stands for the wealth of the land, the blue for courage, and the red for the independence from Spain. Flag Day is celebrated in Venezuela on August 3 since 2006, in honor of the disembarkation of Francisco de Miranda in La Vela de Coro, 1806.

This format has remained largely unchanged since 1811, but underwent several modifications in the 19th and early 20th centuries as regards the stars and the Coat of Arms. On the pictures of the flag shown here, there are 8 stars.

19th-century changes

During the first half of the 19th century, seven stars were added to the flag to represent the seven colonial provinces of Barcelona, Barinas, Caracas, Cumaná, Margarita, Mérida, and Trujillo that had united against Spain during the War of Independence.

Origin of the flag with eight stars

Flag of Angostura (November 20 1817):

After the Guayana campaign, Simón Bolívar added the eighth star to the national flag in representation of the newly freed province. Bolívar issued the following decree::Simón Bolívar. Supreme Leader of the Republic and Captain-in-chief of the Armies of Venezuela and Nueva Granada. Since the number of provinces that compose the Republic of Venezuela has increased with the number of stars on that the Venezuelan national flag has one more star as a symbol of the province of Guayana, in this way, from now on there will be eight stars on the flag. Signed by me, and stamped with the country's official stamp in the government palace in the city of Angostura, 20 November 1817. Simón Bolívar. [http://html.rincondelvago.com/bandera-de-venezuela.html]

1954 changes

The "Law of the National Flag, Coat of Arms and Anthem" added the Coat of Arms to the flag on February 19th 1954. The coat of arms was not incorporated into the Civil or Maritime Flag, which is intended for non-governmental purposes, such as civilian use, merchant craft, and international sports competition.

2006 changes

Although the new flag was approved by the Venezuelan government it has caused significant controversy, and at the time of its official unveiling, Óscar Pérez, a spokesperson for the opposition group National Resistance Command, stated that the opposition would not use the new flag.

The opposition has complained about the significant cost involved in modifying not only all flags but all documents bearing the flag or coat of arms by the year 2011 as proposed by the government. However, the government says the 2011 proposal allows ample time for phasing in of the new flag as citizens, businesses, and other organizations are able to switch.

The changed direction of the horse on the coat of arms also caused a stir among the opposition, commentators, and comedians who have remarked that the horse's apparent "running to the left" is a not so subtle reflection of Chávez's left-leaning politics. The new law says the latter represents the horse running with "independence and freedom"; it includes no reference to the attributed political symbolism.

ee also

* Flag of Gran Colombia

External links

* [http://atlasgeo.span.ch/fotw/flags/ve.html Venezuela on Flags of the World]
* [http://comunidad.vlex.com/pantin/lbandera.html Ley de Bandera, Escudo, e Himno Nacionales] - Law of the National Flag, Coat of Arms and Anthem.
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4800202.stm BBC Report on change of flag]
* [http://www.lbuc.com/banderas/detalle.asp?id=22 Current law on flag and coat of arms]
* [http://www.lbuc.com/banderas Evolution of the flag of Venezuela]

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