- Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon
Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon *UNESCO World Heritage Site Country Spain Type Cultural Criteria iv Reference 378 Region ** Europe and North America Inscription history Inscription 1986 (10th Session) Extensions 2001 * Name as inscribed on World Heritage List
** Region as classified by UNESCO
Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon is an aesthetic trend in the Mudéjar style, which is centered in Aragon (Spain) and has been recognized in some representative buildings as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
The chronology of the Aragonese Mudejar occupies 12th to the 17th century and includes more than a hundred architectural monuments located predominantly in the valleys of the Ebro, Jalón and Jiloca. In this area there was a large population of Muslim origin, although many of them were nominally Christian. Described as Mudejar or Morisco, they kept their workshops and craft traditions, and rarely used stone as building material.
The first manifestations of Aragonese Mudejar have two origins: on the one hand, a palatial architecture linked to the monarchy, which amends and extends the Aljafería Palace maintaining Islamic ornamental tradition, and on the other hand, a tradition which develops Romanesque architecture using brickwork rather than masonry construction and which often displays Hispanic-rooted ornamental tracery. Examples of the latter type of mudejar architecture can be seen in churches in Daroca, which were started in stone and finished off in the 13th century with Mudejar brick panels.
From the construction point of view, the Mudejar architecture in Aragon preferably adopts functional schemes of Cistercian Gothic, but with some differences. Buttresses are often absent, especially in the apses which characteristically have an octagonal plan with thick walls that can hold the thrust from the roof and which provide space to highlight brick decorations. On the other hand, buttresses are often a feature of the naves, where they may be topped by turrets, as in the style of the Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar. There may be side chapels which are not obvious from the exterior. Churches in neighborhoods (such as San Pablo of Zaragoza) or small towns do not usually have aisles, but locations for additional altars are provided by chapels between the nave buttresses. It is common for these side chapels to have a closed gallery or ándite (walkway), with windows looking to the outside and inside of the building. This constitution is called a church-fortress, and his prototype could be the church of Montalbán.
Typically the bell towers show extraordinary ornamental development, the structure is inherited from the islamic minaret: quadrangular with central pier whose spaces are filled via a staircase approximation vaults, as in the Almohad minarets. On this body stood the tower, usually polygonal. There are also examples of octagonal towers.
World Heritage Site
Code Name Place Year 378-001 Tower, roof and dome of the Cathedral of Saint Mary of Mediavilla Teruel 1986 378-002 Tower and church of San Pedro Teruel 1986 378-003 Tower and church of San Martín Teruel 1986 378-004 Tower and church of The Savior Teruel 1986 378-005 Apse, cloister and tower of Colegiata de Santa María Calatayud 2001 378-006 Parish church of Santa Tecla Cervera de la Cañada 2001 378-007 Church of Saint Mary Tobed 2001 378-008 Mudejar remains of the Palace of Aljafería Zaragoza 2001 378-009 Tower and Parish church of San Pablo Zaragoza 2001 378-010 Apse, parish and dome of La Seo Zaragoza 2001
The description of the importance given so appropriated:
The development in the twelfth century Mudejar art in Aragon is a consequence of the political, social and cultural conditions that prevailed in Spain after the Reconquista. This art, influenced by Islamic tradition, also reflects various contemporary European styles, particularly Gothic. Present until the beginning of the seventeenth century, is characterized by extremely refined and inventive use of brick and glazed tiles in architecture, especially in church steeples.|
Aragonese Mudejar statement on the official website of UNESCO.
The justification for the statement is supported by the standard IV of the same organization: Criterion IV.
As an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates a significant period in human history.
Selection criteria (UNESCO, World Heritage Site).
- La Seo
- The Aljafería
- Cathedral of Teruel
- Gonzalo Borrás Gualis, Mudejar art in Teruel, Teruel Studies Institute, 1990. ISBN 84-86982-22-7.
- UNESCO 'Aragon' World Heritage website
- Aragonese Mudejar Art, a complete book of Joseph Galiay Sarañana which is available free on the website of the Institution "Fernando el Católico."
- Aragonese Mudejar in the Government of Aragon website.
- Alphabetic index of Aragonese Mudejar.
- Aragonese Mudejar buildings belonging to the renowned World Heritage Site by UNESCO
- Online guide of Mudejar Aragonese Art.
World Heritage Sites in SpainFor official site names, see each article or the List of World Heritage Sites in Spain. North West North East Community of Madrid Centre
Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida · Archaeological Site of Atapuerca · Ávila with its Extra-mural Churches · Burgos Cathedral · Cáceres · Cuenca · Las Médulas · Rock-Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula1 · Route of Santiago de Compostela1 · Salamanca · Santa María de Guadalupe · Segovia and its Aqueduct · Toledo · Prehistoric Rock-Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde
Archaeological Ensemble of Tarraco, Tarragona · Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boí · Ibiza (Biodiversity and Culture) · Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona · Palmeral of Elche · Poblet Monastery · Rock-Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula1 · Silk Exchange in Valencia · Works of Antoni Gaudí
South Canary Islands1 Shared with other region/s · 2 Shared with France
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mudéjar — Teruel Cathedral, one of ten Mudéjar monuments of Aragon that comprise the World Heritage Site … Wikipedia
Aragon — For other uses, see Aragon (disambiguation). Aragon Aragón (Spanish) Aragón (Aragonese) Aragó (Catalan) … Wikipedia
architecture — Architecture in Spain is an area of great complexity, exemplifying the idiosyncrasies of each region and their distinctive histories, rather than displaying common national characteristics. While Andalusia and the Basque country, for example,… … Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture
Architecture mudéjare — Alcazar mudéjar d Alphonse XI à Cordoue L architecture mudéjare est une architecture qui s est développée dans la péninsule ibérique du XIIe siècle au XVIe siècle dans les régions reconquises par les royaumes chrétiens et qui résulte de … Wikipédia en Français
ARAGON — Le mot «Aragon» désigne une rivière pyrénéenne, affluent de l’Èbre: elle a donné son nom au petit État chrétien qui s’est formé dans sa haute vallée, puis à partir du XIe siècle a conquis la vallée moyenne de l’Èbre, s’est uni à la Catalogne, a… … Encyclopédie Universelle
mudéjar — [ mudexar; mydeʒar ] n. et adj. • mudéjare 1722; esp. mudejar; ar. mudayyan « pratiquant » ♦ Hist. Musulman d Espagne devenu sujet des chrétiens après la reconquête. ♢ Adj. Art mudéjar : art chrétien influencé par l art musulman dans l Espagne… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Moorish architecture — Interior of the Mezquita, Cordoba … Wikipedia
Spanish architecture — refers to architecture carried out in any area in what is now modern day Spain, and by Spanish architects worldwide. The term includes buildings within the current geographical limits of Spain before this name was given to those territories… … Wikipedia
Cortes d'Aragón — Cortes d Aragon Cortes de Aragón VIIIe législature Type … Wikipédia en Français
Mozarabic art and architecture — Mozarabic Art refers to art of Mozarabs (from musta rab meaning “Arabized”), Iberian Christians living in Al Andalus, the Muslim conquered territories in the period that comprises from the Arab invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (711) to the end… … Wikipedia