Downtown Hudson Tubes


Downtown Hudson Tubes
Downtown Hudson Tubes
1909 illustration of flying junction of Uptown Hudson Tubes in Jersey City which connect to Downtown tubes to the south
Overview
Location Hudson River
Coordinates 40°42′54″N 74°01′28″W / 40.7151°N 74.0244°W / 40.7151; -74.0244Coordinates: 40°42′54″N 74°01′28″W / 40.7151°N 74.0244°W / 40.7151; -74.0244
System PATH
Start World Trade Center
End Exchange Place
Operation
Opened July 19, 1909
Technical
Construction 1874-1908
Length 5,650 ft (1,720 m)[1]
Gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrified Third rail
Lowest elevation 97 ft (30 m) below sea level[1]
Tunnel clearance 15.25 ft (4.65 m)[1]

The Downtown Hudson Tubes are a pair of tunnels that carry PATH trains under the Hudson River between New York City and Jersey City in the United States. In lower Manhattan the trains travel to and from the World Trade Center station. In Jersey City the trains stop at the Exchange Place station. The tunnels were the second non-waterborne connection between Manhattan and New Jersey and were completed shortly after the uptown Hudson tubes.

The original tubes were built in 1908, to service the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad's Hudson Terminal in lower Manhattan starting on July 19, 1909.[2] When the World Trade Center was constructed, the original Hudson Tubes remained in service as elevated tunnels until 1970 when a new PATH station was built.[3] The downtown and uptown Hudson tubes were declared National Historic Civil Engineering Landmarks in 1978 by the American Society of Civil Engineers.[4] Some remnants of the tunnels under the original World Trade Center were removed during 2007 and 2008.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Fitzherbert, Anthony (June, 1964). ""The Public Be Pleased": William G. McAdoo and the Hudson Tubes". Electric Railroaders Association, nycsubway.org. http://world.nycsubway.org/us/path/hmhistory.html. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  2. ^ Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. "PATH:History". http://www.panynj.gov/path/history.html. Retrieved 2010-01-19. 
  3. ^ Carroll, Maurice (December 30, 1968). "A Section of the Hudson Tubes is Turned into Elevated Tunnel". The New York Times. 
  4. ^ "History and Heritage of Civil Engineering: Hudson and Manhattan Railroad Tunnel". American Society of Civil Engineers. http://live.asce.org/hh/index.mxml?lid=166. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  5. ^ Dunlap, David W. (October 26, 2008). "Another Ghost From Ground Zero’s Past Fades Away". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/27/nyregion/27tunnel.html?_r=2&em&oref=slogin. 

Further reading


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