Autarchism (from Greek, "belief in self rule") is a
political philosophythat upholds the principle of individual liberty, rejects compulsory government, and supports the elimination of government in favor of ruling yourself and no other. Advocates of the philosophy are autarchist (from Greek, "one who believes in self rule"), while the state in which everyone rules themselves and no one else is autarchy (from Greek, "state of self rule").
Robert LeFevre, a "self-proclaimed autarchist"cite journal|last=Grubbs Jr. |first=K. E. |title=Book Review: Robert LeFevre: Truth Is Not a Half-way Place by Carl Watner|journal=THE FREEMAN: Ideas on Liberty|volume=39|issue=6|date=June 1989 |publisher=Foundation for Economic Education|url=http://www.fee.org/publications/the-freeman/article.asp?aid=2763] recognized as such by Murray Rothbard,cite book |last=Rothbard |first=Murray N. |pages=p.187|year=2007 |title=The Betrayal of the American Right|publisher=Ludwig von Mises Institute |isbn=978-1-933550-13-8] distinguished autarchism from anarchism, whose economics he felt entailed interventions contrary to freedom, in contrast to his own laissez faireeconomics of the Austrian School. [http://fair-use.org/rampart-journal/1965/12/autarchy-versus-anarchy Autarchy vs Anarchy by Robert LeFevre] - Rampart Journal of Individualist Thought Vol. 1, No. 4 (Winter, 1965): 30–49] In professing "a sparkling and shining individualism" while "it advocates some kind of procedure to interfere with the processes of a free market", anarchism seemed to LeFevre to be self-contradictory. He situated the fundamental premise of autarchy within the Stoicismof philosopherssuch as Zeno, Epicurusand Marcus Aurelius, which he summarized in the diktat "Control yourself". [http://fair-use.org/rampart-journal/1966/06/autarchy Autarchy by Robert LeFevre] - Rampart Journal of Individualist Thought Vol. 2, No. 2 (Summer, 1966): 1–18] Fusing these influences together, he arrived at the autarchist philosophy: "The Stoics provide the moral framework; the Epicureans, the motivation; the praxeologists, the methodology. I propose to call this package of ideological systems autarchy, because autarchy means self-rule.".
LeFevre stated "the bridge between Spooner and modern-day autarchists was constructed primarily by persons such as
H. L. Mencken, Albert Jay Nock, and Mark Twain". Ralph Waldo Emerson, although he did not call himself an autarchist, is considered to have espoused autarchy. Philip Jenkins has stated that "Emersonian ideas stressed individual liberation, autarchy, self-sufficiency and self-government, and strenuously opposed social conformity"cite book |last=Jenkins |first=Philip |pages=p.108|year=1995 |title=A History of the United States |location= |publisher=Palgrave Macmillan |isbn=0312163614] .Robert D. Richardson stated that the anarchy Emerson "has in mind would be 'autarchy', rule by self".cite book |last=Richardson, Jr. |first=Robert D |pages=p.535|year=1997 |title=Emerson: The Mind on Fire |location= |publisher=University of California Press |isbn=0520206894]
George Burghope wrote the essay "Autarchy, or, the art of self government" in 1691 [ [https://catalog.library.jhu.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=1194HCI903939.68708&profile=general&uri=link=3100007~!4244807~!3100001~!3100002&aspect=alpha&menu=search&ri=1&source=~!horizon&term=Autarchy%2C+or%2C+The+art+of+self-government+in+a+moral+essay+%3A+in+three+parts+%3A+first+written+to+a+gentleman+in+the+university%2C+and+since+fitted+for+publick+use.&index=ALTITLEJohns Hopkins University Libraries Catalog] ] .
* [http://www.panarchy.org/emerson/politics.1844.html Politics by Ralph Waldo Emerson] - In it, he advocates the practice of self-government as the most rightful way to organize individuals in society (1844).
* [http://members.aol.com/xeqtr1/voluntaryist/nomahg.html The Nature of Man and His Government by Robert LeFevre] - an introduction by Rose Wilder Lane (1959).
* [http://fair-use.org/rampart-journal/1966/06/on-the-other-hand On the Other Hand by Robert LeFevre] - Rampart Journal of Individualist Thought Vol. 2, No. 2 (Summer, 1966): 83–88
* [http://www.fee.org/publications/the-freeman/article.asp?aid=2317 Self-Government by Donald J. Boudreaux] - The Freeman: Ideas on Liberty - September 2000 Vol. 50 No. 9
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