- Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford
Christ Church Cathedral Cathedral Church of Christ
Coordinates: Location Oxford, Oxfordshire Country England Denomination Church of England Website chch.ox.ac.uk/cathedral Architecture Style Romanesque, Gothic Years built 1160-1200 Administration Diocese Oxford (since 1546) Province Canterbury
Christ Church Cathedral is the cathedral of the diocese of Oxford, which consists of the counties of Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire and Berkshire. It is also, uniquely, the chapel of Christ Church, a college of the University of Oxford.
The cathedral was originally the church of St Frideswide's Priory. The site is claimed to be the location of the abbey and relics of St Frideswide, the patron saint of Oxford, although this is debatable.
In 1522, the priory was surrendered to Cardinal Wolsey, who had selected it as the site for his proposed college. However, in 1529 the foundation was taken over by King Henry VIII. Work stopped, but in June 1532 the college was refounded by the King. In 1546, Henry VIII transferred to it from Osney to the see of Oxford. The cathedral has the name of Ecclesia Christi Cathedralis Oxoniensis, given to it by King Henry VIII's foundation charter.
There has been a choir at the cathedral since 1526, when John Taverner was the organist and also master of the choristers. The statutes of Cardinal Wolsey's original college, initially called Cardinal College, mentioned sixteen choristers and thirty singing priests.
Christ Church Cathedral is often claimed to be the smallest cathedral in England, and although it did once hold this distinction there are now smaller cathedrals, as several parish churches were elevated to cathedral status in the 20th century.
The nave, choir, main tower and transepts are of the late Norman period. There are architectural features ranging from Norman to the Perpendicular style and a large rose window of the ten-part (i.e., botanical) type.
- Bishop George Berkeley, philosopher (his memorial is in the nave)
- John Fell, Bishop of Oxford
- Sir Henry Gage (1593–1645), buried in the Lucy Chapel off the south transept
- George Stewart, 9th Seigneur d'Aubigny, Cavalier
- Thomas Banks Strong, Bishop of Oxford
- John Underhill (bishop)
- John Urry
List of organists
- 1530 - 1564 John Taverner
- 1564 - 1611 Bartholomew Lant
- 1611 - 1613 Matthew White
- 1613 - 1630 William Stonard
- 1630 - 1682 Edward Lowe
- 1682 - 1690 William Husbands
- 1690 - 1691 Charles Husbands
- 1691 - 1718 Richard Goodson (snr)
- 1718 - 1741 Richard Goodson (jnr)
- William Walond 1753
- Arthur Herbert Brewer
- Sidney Thomas Mayow Newman 1924 - 1928
- Ivor Christopher Banfield Keys 1938 - 1940
- Alec Wyton 1943 - 1946 (afterwards organist of St Matthew's Church, Northampton)
- Ivor Christopher Banfield Keys 1946 - 1947
- Harrison Oxley 1953 - 1955 (formerly assistant organist of St. Philip's Cathedral, Birmingham, afterwards organist of St Edmundsbury Cathedral)
- Anthony Crossland 1957 - 1961
- Nicholas Cleobury 1972 - ????
- Simon Lawford 1986 - 1990
- Stephen Farr 1990-1996?
- David Goode 1996 - 2001
- List of cathedrals in the United Kingdom
- Christ Church, Oxford: more information on the College and the Cathedral
- Bishop of Oxford
- Diocese of Oxford
- Architecture of the medieval cathedrals of England
- English Gothic architecture
- Romanesque architecture
- Church of England
- Christ Church Cathedral website
- Christ Church Cathedral Choir website
- Oxford Cathedral information
- A history of the choristers of Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford
- Sacred destinations photo gallery
Cathedrals of the Church of England Province of
CanterburyBirmingham • Bristol • Bury St Edmunds • Canterbury • Chelmsford • Chichester • Coventry • Derby • Ely • Exeter • Gibraltar • Gloucester • Guildford • Hereford • Leicester • Lichfield • Lincoln • Norwich • Oxford (Christ Church) • Peterborough • Portsmouth • Rochester • St Albans • St Paul's (London) • Salisbury • Southwark • Truro • Wells • Winchester • Worcester
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