- Religion in Luxembourg
There are many active religions in
Luxembourg. The most important, in terms of size of congregation and historical importance, is Roman Catholicism, but the state does not support, or discriminate against, any one single religion.
1979it has been illegal for the government to collect statistics on religious beliefs or practices. [fr icon cite web |url=http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1979/0291104/0291104.pdf#page=2 |title=Mémorial A, 1979, No. 29 |accessdate=2006-08-01 |format=PDF |publisher=Service central de législation] It is estimated by the CIA Factbook that 87% of Luxembourgers are Catholics, the remaining 13% being made up of Protestants, Eastern Orthodox Christians, Jews, Muslims and those of other or no religion.cite web |url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/lu.html |title=World Factbook - Luxembourg |accessdate=2007-01-13 |date=19 December 2006 |publisher=Central Intelligence Agency]
According to the most recent Eurobarometer Poll
web|url=http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_225_report_en.pdf|title=Eurobarometer on Social Values, Science and technology 2005 - page 11|accessdate=2007-05-05]
* 44% of Luxumbourg citizens responded that "they believe there is a God".
* 28% answered that "they believe there is some sort of spirit or life force".
* 22% answered that "they do not believe there is any sort of spirit, God, or life force".
Luxembourg is a secular state, but the Grand Duchy recognises and supports several denominations, in exchange for which, the state is allowed a hand in their affairs. This status, first afforded to the Catholic Church, stems from Napoleon's
Concordat of 1801, the principles of which have continued to apply to Luxembourg, despite its separation from Francein 1815and its subsequent Dutch ownership.
Despite having the same roots as France's official position of "
laïcité", Luxembourg's approach to religion has taken a different direction in the past 200 years, reducing the separation of church and state, not increasing it. The state currently recognises Catholicism, Judaism, Greek and Russian Orthodox Christianity, Protestantism, and as officially-mandated religions. In 2003, representatives of Islam, Anglicanism, and Romanian and Serbian Orthodox Christianity engaged in discussions to be conferred similar status, but without success. [ [http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2005/51566.htm International Religious Freedom Report 2004 - Luxembourg] . 8 November 2004. US Department of State. "URL accessed 24 May 2006".]
Catholicism is the most practised religion in Luxembourg. Luxembourg was a major centre for Christianity during the
Middle Ages, Roman Catholicism was sustained through the Reformationby the hierarchy, buildings, and traditions established in the preceding centuries. The Catholic Church has received state support since 1801.
Protestantism is the largest
minority religionin Luxembourg, with estimates of adherents ranging from 5,000 to 15,000 (1% to 3.2% of the population). They are divided across several Protestant churches and creeds, including Lutheranism, Calvinism, Anglicanism, Presbyterianism, and Evangelicalism. The largest Protestant churches in the Grand Duchy are the Protestant Church of Luxembourg("PKL"), Protestant Reformed Church of Luxembourg("PRKL"), Evangelical Church in Germany, Church of England, and Protestant Church in the Netherlands. The state has supported the PKL since 1894and the PRKL since 1982.
Luxembourg's Jewish community dates back at least as far as the 13th century, making
Judaismthe minority religion that has been practised the longest in Luxembourg. Today, Luxembourg's Jews number approximately 1,200, of whom, 650 practise actively. There are very few Orthodox Jews in Luxembourg. [ [http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/anti-semitism/report_lux.html Manifestations of Anti-Semitism in the European Union - Luxembourg] . 1 December 2003. European Union. "URL accessed 24 May 2006".] During the Holocaust, 1,945 Jewish Luxembourgers were killed, out of a pre-war population of 3,500. Judaism is supported by the state.
Islam in Luxembourg
Judaism in Luxembourg
Religion by country
Roman Catholicism in Luxembourg
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