- Amerigo Vespucci (ship)
The "Amerigo Vespucci" is a
tall shipof the " Marina Militare", named after the explorer Amerigo Vespucci. Her home port is Livorno, Italy. As of 2008, she is still in use as a school ship.
In 1925, the
Regia Marinaordered two school ships to be built following a design by Lieutenant Colonel Francesco Rotundiof the Italian Navy Engineering Corps, inspired by the style of large late 18th century 74-cannon ships of the line. The first of these two ships, the "Cristoforo Colombo", was put into service in 1928 and was used by the Italian Navy until 1943. After World War II, this ship was handed over to the USSR as part of the war reparations and was shortly afterwards decommissioned.
The second ship of the design was the "Amerigo Vespucci". The ship was built in 1930 at the (formerly Royal) Naval Shipyard of
Castellammare di Stabia(Naples). She was launched on February 22, 1931, and was put into service in July of that year.
The vessel is a full rigged three masted steel hull 82.4 m (270.34 ft) long, with an overall length of 101 m (331 ft) including the bowsprit and a maximum width of 15.5 m (51 ft). She has a draught of about 7 metres (23 ft) and a displacement at full load of 4146
tons. Under auxiliary engine power, the "Amerigo Vespucci" reaches a top speed of 10 knots and has an autonomy of 5450 nm (at 6.5 knots).
The three steel masts are 50, 54, and 43 metres high, respectively, and carry
sails that total 2824 m² (30400 ft²) In total, the "Amerigo Vespucci" has 26 sails — square sails, staysails, and jibs: all are traditional canvassails. The rig, some 30 km of rope, entirely uses traditional hempropes, too. Only the mooringlines are synthetic in order to comply with port regulations. As of 2004, she is the only existing three decked square rigger.
The hull is painted black with two white stripes in reference to the two
gun decks of the original ships the design is based on, but of course she carries no guns. The deck planks are of teakwood and need to be replaced every three years. Bow and sternare decorated with intricate ornaments; she has a life-size figureheadof Amerigo Vespucci. The stern gallery is accessible only through the Captain's salon.
The standard crew of the "Amerigo Vespucci" comprises 16 officers, 70
non-commissioned officers, and 200 sailors. In summer, when she embarks the midshipmenof the Naval Academy ("Accademia Navale"), there's a total crew of about 450 persons aboard.
The ship has two
dieselelectric auxiliary engines, which together produce about 1471 kW (2000 hp), and a twin steering. When carrying cadets, she is usually steered at the manual stern rudderstation, which is operated by four steering wheels with two men each. At other times, the hydraulically assisted steering on the bridge is used. Except for the anchor winch, the winches aboard are man-powered. The bridge is equipped with sophisticated modern electronic navigationinstruments.
Except for the time during the second World War, the "Amerigo Vespucci" has been continually active. Most of her training cruises are in European waters, but she has also sailed to North and
South America, and navigated the Pacific, too. In 2002, she undertook a voyage around the world.
The "Amerigo Vespucci" often participates in sailing parades and Tall Ships' Races, where she is in amicable rivalry with the "Gorch Fock". When she is berthed in a port, public tours of the vessel are usually offered.
The Tall Ships' Races
List of large sailing vessels
Official web sites:
* [http://www.marina.difesa.it/unita/vespucci.htm Amerigo Vespucci web site of the Italian Navy] (in Italian). This article is partly based on a translation of that web page.
* [http://www.marina.difesa.it/unita/unita19.htm Technical fact sheet] from the Italian Navy web site, in Italian.
* [http://www.marina.difesa.it/unita/vespucci.asp Pictures] from the Italian Navy web site.
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ITsG6pQX4I] scale model made by Bülent Karaali
Other web sites:
* [http://www.congedativespucci.it] Amerigo Vespucci's crew web site
* [http://www.port-of-rome.com/mare%5Fvivo/vespucci.htm Italian web site] about the "Amerigo Vespucci", with [http://www.port-of-rome.com/mare%5Fvivo/av_partico.htm images] of the interior. (In Italian.)
* [http://www.hazegray.org/features/tallships2000/ Tall Ships 2000] in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Has many pictures; the "Amerigo Vespucci" is in [http://www.hazegray.org/features/tallships2000/part1/ "Part 1"] .
* [http://www.schoonerman.com/ame-ves.html SchoonerMan] — has a report from someone who visited the ship.
* [http://www.newzealand.com/index.cfm/purenz_page/D17264E6-130E-483B-A9A2-F1F2DF631160.html Tourism New Zealand] has a brief article of a visit of the "Amerigo Vespucci".
* [http://www.hnn.navy.mil/archives/020920/russell_092002.htm Hawaii Navy News article] about an earlier stop in the same voyage around the world in 2002.
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