- Pennsylvania Dutch English
Pennsylvania Dutch Country, where Pennsylvania German and Pennsylvania Dutch English have traditionally been spoken.] Pennsylvania Dutch English is a dialect of English that has been influenced by Pennsylvania German (Pennsylvania Deitsch). It is largely spoken in the South Central area of Pennsylvania, both by people who are monolingual (in English) and bilingual (in Pennsylvania German and English). The dialect has been dying out, as non-Amish Generation Xand Generation Y Pennsylvania Germanstend to speak modern Middle Atlantic English. Very few non-Amish members of these two generations can speak Pennsylvania Deitsch, although most know some words and phrases.The WWII Generation was the last generation in which Pennsylvania Deitsch was widely spoken among the non-Amish.
Features of Pennsylvania German Influence
Pennsylvania Dutch English differs from standard
American Englishin various ways. Some of its hallmark features include the following:
*Widespread devoicing of
*The use of certain vowel variants in specific phonological contexts.
*The use of Pennsylvania German
verband nounstems in word construction.
*Specific intonation patterns for questions.
*Special placement of
prepositional phrases in sentences (so that "Throw the horse some hay over the fence" might be rendered "Throw the horse over the fence some hay").
*The use of "ain't" and "not" or "say" as question tags.
*The use of "still" as a habitual verbal marker.
*Use of the word "yet" to mean "still," such as "do you work at the store yet?" to mean "do you still work at the store?"
*Use of terms such as "doncha know" and "so I do" or "so he does" at the end of declaratory sentences.
*Use of the word "awhile" at the end of sentences proposing simultaneous actions (e.g. "Go get the tea out of the pantry; I'll start boiling the water awhile.").
*The use of "tree" instead of "three" to describe the number "3". Other
calquesand idioms include:
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pennsylvania Dutch — Pennsylvania German redirects here. This article is about the people. For the language, see Pennsylvania German language. Pennsylvania Dutch Pennsilfaanisch Deitsch Mer schwetze noch die Mudderschprooch We still speak the mother tongue Regions… … Wikipedia
Pennsylvania Dutch Country — refers to an area of southeastern Pennsylvania that by the American Revolution had a high percentage of Lutheran, German Reformed, Moravian, Amish, Mennonite and other German sectarian inhabitants and where the Deitsch language was historically… … Wikipedia
Pennsylvania Dutch (Sprache) — Pennsylvania Deutsch („Deitsch“) Gesprochen in USA: speziell Nord Indiana; östlich zentrales Illinois, Südost Pennsylvania, Zentral Ohio Kanada: Kitchener Waterloo Region, Ontario Sprecher 250.000–3 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pennsylvania Dutch — Pennsylvania Dutch, adj. 1. the descendants of 17th and 18th century settlers in Pennsylvania from southwest Germany and Switzerland. 2. Also called Pennsylvania German. a dialect of High German with an admixture of English spoken mainly in… … Universalium
Cuisine of the Pennsylvania Dutch — Pennsylvania Dutch cuisine is the typical and traditional fare of the Pennsylvania Dutch, and it has had a considerable influence on the areas in which they originally settled, Central and Southeastern Pennsylvania, as well as the neighboring… … Wikipedia
Pennsylvania German language — Pennsylvania German, Pennsylvania Dutch Deitsch, Pennsilfaanisch Deitsch Spoken in USA, Canada Region Pennsylvania; Ohio; Indiana; Ontario; and elsewhere … Wikipedia
Dutch American — Nederlandse Amerikanen … Wikipedia
Dutch language — Dutch Nederlands Pronunciation [ˈneːdərlɑnts] ( listen) … Wikipedia
Dutch — usually refers to: Something from or related to the Netherlands Dutch people, people from the Netherlands or their descendants Dutch language, spoken in the Netherlands, Belgium, Suriname, Curaçao, Aruba, Bonaire, Saba, Sint Maarten, and Sint… … Wikipedia
Dutch — late 14c., used first of Germans generally, after c.1600 of Hollanders, from M.Du. duutsch, from O.H.G. duit isc, corresponding to O.E. þeodisc belonging to the people, used especially of the common language of Germanic people, from þeod people,… … Etymology dictionary