- Jacques-Germain Soufflot
Jacques Germain Soufflot (July 22, 1713 – August 29, 1780) was a French
architectin the international circle that introduced Neoclassicism. His most famous work is the Panthéon, Paris, built from 1755 onwards, originally as a church dedicated to Sainte Genevieve.
Soufflot was born in
Irancy, near Auxerre, France. In the 1730s he attended the French Academy in Rome, where young French students in the 1750s would later produce the first full-blown generation of Neoclassical designers. Soufflot's models were less the picturesque Baroquebeing built in modern Rome, as much as the picturesque aspects of monuments of antiquity.
After returning to France, Soufflot practiced in
Lyon, where he built the "Hotel-Dieu", like a chaste riverside street facade, interrupted by the central former chapel, its squared dome with illusionistic diminishing coffers on the interior. With the "Loge des Changes", he was entrusted with completely recasting a 16th century market exchange building housing a meeting space housed above a loggia. Soufflot's newly made loggia is an unusually severe arcading tightly bound between flat Doric pilasters, with emphatic horizontal lines. He was accepted into the Lyon Academy.
A more creative trip to Italy was made when the mature Soufflot returned in 1750 in the company of the future
Marquis de Marigny, the talented young brother of Madame de Pompadour, who was being groomed for his future as director of the King's buildings. On this trip Soufflot made a special study of theaters. In 1755 Marigny, the new Director General of Royal Buildings, gave Soufflot architectural control of all the royal buildings in Paris. In the same year, he was admitted to the Royal Academy of Architecture. In 1756 his opera houseopened in Lyon.
The Panthéon is his most famous work, but the "Hotel Marigny" built for his young patron (1768-1771), is a better definition of Soufflot's personal taste. Soufflot died in Paris in 1780.
Like all the architects of his day, Soufflot considered the classical idiom essential. He stood out for his "strictness of line, firmness of form, simplicity of contour, and rigorously architectonic conception of detail" which contrasted sharply with the late Baroque and Rococo architecture of his contemporaries.
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Jacques-germain soufflot — Jacques Germain Soufflot (22 juillet 1713, Irancy 29 août 1780, Paris) est un grand architecte français … Wikipédia en Français
Jacques Germain Soufflot — Jacques Germain Soufflot (22 juillet 1713, Irancy 29 août 1780, Paris) est un grand architecte français … Wikipédia en Français
Jacques-Germain Soufflot — (22 juillet 1713, Irancy 29 août 1780, Paris) est un grand architecte français. Sommaire … Wikipédia en Français
Jacques-Germain Soufflot — Das Panthéon, von der Rue Soufflot aus fotografiert Jacques Germain Soufflot (* 22. Juli 1713 in Irancy bei Auxerre; † 29. August 1780 in Paris; manchmal Soufflet geschrieben) war ein französischer Architekt … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jacques-Germain Soufflot — Busto de Soufflot El Pantéon de París … Wikipedia Español
Jacques Germain Soufflot — noun French architect (1713 1780) • Syn: ↑Soufflot • Instance Hypernyms: ↑architect, ↑designer … Useful english dictionary
SOUFFLOT, Jacques-Germain — (1713 1780) The leading French architect of the 18th century Neo Classical style, Jacques Germain Soufflot worked during a turbulent time of French history, which ultimately erupted in the French Revolution. By the middle of the 18th century,… … Historical Dictionary of Architecture
Soufflot, Jacques-Germain — ▪ French architect born July 22, 1713, Irancy, France died Aug. 29, 1780, Paris French architect, a leader in the development of Neoclassical architecture and the designer of the Church of Sainte Geneviève (the Panthéon) in Paris.… … Universalium
Soufflot, Jacques-Germain — ► (1713 80) Arquitecto francés. Autor de la iglesia de Santa Genoveva de París … Enciclopedia Universal
Soufflot — Jacques Germain Soufflot Jacques Germain Soufflot Jacques Germain Soufflot (22 juillet 1713, Irancy 29 août 1780, Paris) est un grand architecte français … Wikipédia en Français