Qutbism (also Kotebism, Qutbiyya, or Qutbiyyah) is the radical strain of Islamist ideology and activism, based on the thought and writings of
Sayyid Qutb, an Islamist and former leading member of the Muslim Brotherhoodwho was executed in 1966. Qutbee or "Qutbi" (also Qutbists) are followers of these ideals. These terms originated from, and are mainly used by opponents of the Muslim Brotherhood in general and Qutb in particular, and by Muslims who seek to distance themselves from the activities of militant groups based on or influenced by Qutbism.
Qutbism has gained notoriety from what many believe is his strong influence on jihadi extremists such as
Osama bin Laden. According to some observers, jihadi extremists “cite Sayyid Qutb repeatedly and consider themselves his intellectual descendants.” [William McCants of the US Military Academy’s Combating Terrorism Center, quoted in [http://www.carlisle.army.mil/usawc/Parameters/07spring/eikmeier.htm Qutbism: An Ideology of Islamic-Fascism] by Dale C. Eikmeier. From "Parameters", Spring 2007, pp. 85-98.]
The main tenet of Qutbist ideology is that the Muslim community (or the Muslim community outside of a vanguard fighting to reestablish it) "has been extinct for a few centuries" [Qutb, Sayyid, "Milestones," The Mother Mosque Foundation, 1981, p.9] having reverted to Godless ignorance (
Jahiliyya), and must be re-conquered for Islam.
Qutb outlined his ideas in his book "
Ma'alim fi-l-Tariq" (aka "Milestones"). Other important principles of Qutbism include
*cite book|author=Sivan, Emmanuel | title=Radical Islam : Medieval Theology and Modern Politics | publisher=Yale University Press|year=1985
*Stanley, Trevor [http://www.pwhce.org/qutb.html Sayyid Qutb, The Pole Star of Egyptian Salafism.]
*El-Kadi, Ahmed [http://www.icna.org/tm/greatmuslim3.htm Great Muslims of the 20th Century ... Sayyid Qutb.]
*Swenson, Elmer " [http://gemsofislamism.tripod.com/milestones_qutb.html Sayyid Qutb's Milestones. ] "
* [http://www.thewahhabimyth.com/qutb.htm Who was Sayyid Qutb?]
* [http://www.hizmetbooks.org/Religion_Reformers_in_Islam/ref-57.htm Reformer Qutb Thinks Himself Superior to Madhhab Imams.]
* [http://www.hizmetbooks.org/Religion_Reformers_in_Islam/ref-55.htm Reformer Qutb Invites People to Stand Up and Shout Against the Dictators.]
* [http://www.salafipublications.com/sps/downloads/pdf/NDV080001.pdf Mawdudi, Qutb and the Prophets of Allah.]
* [http://www.salafimanhaj.com/pdf/SalafiManhaj_Terrorism_In_KSA.pdf The Ideology of Terrorism and Violence in Saudi Arabia: Origins, Reasons and Solution]
Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi, winner of the King Faisal Award.
*Berman, Paul. "Terror and Liberalism." W. W. Norton & Company, April 2003.:Berman devotes several chapters of this work to discussing Qutb as the foundation of a unique strain of Islamist thought.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Islamic terrorism — Terrorism Definitions · Counter terrorism International conventions Anti terrorism legislation Terrorism insurance … Wikipedia
Islamism — This article is about the political Islamic movement. For the religion of Islam, see Islam. For scholarship on Islam, see Islamic studies. Part of the Politics series on … Wikipedia
Osama bin Laden — Osama and bin Laden redirect here. For other uses, see Osama (disambiguation) and bin Laden (disambiguation). Osama bin Laden أسامة بن لادن … Wikipedia
Ma'alim fi al-Tariq — Milestones Author(s) Sayyid Qutb … Wikipedia
Criticism of Islamism — For criticism of the religion of Islam, see Criticism of Islam. Part of the Politics series on Islamism … Wikipedia
Muslim Brotherhood — For The Chinese Islamist organization known as the Muslim Brotherhood, see Yihewani. The Muslim Brotherhood الإخوان المسلمون/المسلمين al ʾIḫwān al Muslimūn/Muslimīn IPA: [elʔexˈwæːn elmosleˈmiːn] … Wikipedia
Islam and antisemitism — Part of a series on Criticism of Islam Issues Antisemitism … Wikipedia
Movement of Society for Peace — Algeria This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Algeria Constitution President (List … Wikipedia
Islamic Renaissance Movement — For the moderately Islamist Tunisian political party, see Ennahda Movement. The Islamic Renaissance Movement (Arabic: حركة النهضة الاسلامية Ḥarakat an Nahḑa al Islāmiyya ; French: Mouvement de la Renaissance Islamique) is a moderate… … Wikipedia
Jahiliyyah — Jahiliyyah, al Jahiliyah or jahalia (Arabic: جاهلية) is an Islamic concept of ignorance of divine guidance or the state of ignorance of the guidance from God [Qutb, Milestones, p.11, 19] or Days of Ignorance [G.S.P. Freeman Grenville, Islam: An… … Wikipedia