Maurice Ewing


Maurice Ewing
Maurice Ewing

Maurice Ewing in 1948. Photo courtesy Columbia University
Born May 12, 1906
Lockney, Texas
Died May 4, 1974
Nationality American
Fields geophysics
underwater acoustics
oceanography
Institutions Columbia University
University of Texas
Alma mater Rice University
Influenced J. Lamar Worzel
Frank Press
Jack Nafe
Jack Oliver
Notable awards John J. Carty Award (1963)
National Medal of Science (1973)
Vetlesen Prize (1960)

William Maurice "Doc" Ewing (May 12, 1906 – May 4, 1974) was an American geophysicist and oceanographer.

Ewing has been described as a pioneering geophysicist who worked on the research of seismic reflection and refraction in ocean basins, ocean bottom photography, submarine sound transmission (including the SOFAR channel), deep sea coring of the ocean bottom, theory and observation of earthquake surface waves, fluidity of the Earth's core, generation and propagation of microseisms, submarine explosion seismology, marine gravity surveys, bathymetry and sedimentation, natural radioactivity of ocean waters and sediments, study of abyssal plains and submarine canyons.

He was born in Lockney, Texas, where he was the eldest child of a large farm family. He won a scholarship to attend Rice University, earning a B.A. with honors in 1926. He completing his graduate studies at the same institution, earning an M.A. in 1927 and being awarded his Ph.D. in 1931. In 1928 he was married to Avarilla Hildenbrand, and the couple had a son.

He moved to Columbia University, becoming a professor of geology in 1947. In 1959 he was named the Higgins Professor of Geology at Columbia. Dr. Ewing (often simply called 'Doc' by those who worked with him) was the founder (established in 1949) and first director of Lamont Geological Observatory (now known as Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO) in Palisades, New York) where he worked with J. Lamar Worzel (gravity specialist), Dr. Frank Press (seismologist), Jack Nafe, and Jack Oliver. The former LDEO research vessel R/V Maurice Ewing was named in his honor.

He divorced a second time, and married Harriet Greene Bassett in 1965. In 1972 he joined the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, and was named the head of the Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences of the Marine Biomedical Institute.

During his career he published over 340 scientific papers. He served as president of the American Geophysical Union and the Seismological Society of America. He led over 50 oceanic expeditions. He made many contributions to oceanography, including the discovery of the SOFAR Channel, the invention of the sofar bomb, and did much work fundamental on plate tectonics. He was the chief scientist on board the Glomar Challenger. He came up with the idea behind Project Mogul.

Contents

Awards and honors

References

See also

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maurice Ewing — William Maurice Ewing William Maurice Doc Ewing (12 mai 1906 4 mai 1974) est un géophysicien et océanographe américain. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Recherches 3 Récompenses …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maurice Ewing — William Maurice Ewing (* 12. Mai 1906 in Lockney, Texas; † 4. Mai 1974 in Galveston, Texas) war ein US amerikanischer Geophysiker. Ewing war von 1944 bis 1949 Associate Professor, von 1947 bis 1959 Professor und von 1959 bis 1972 Higgins… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maurice Ewing Medal — The Maurice Ewing Medal is awarded by the American Geophysical Union for significant original contributions to the understanding of physical, geophysical, and geological processes in the ocean; to those who advance oceanographic engineering,… …   Wikipedia

  • Maurice Ewing Medal — Die Maurice Ewing Medal ist ein seit 1976 jährlich vergebener Preis in Ozeanographie der American Geophysical Union. Er ist nach Maurice Ewing benannt. Er wird teilweise von der US Navy gesponsert. Preisträger 1976 Walter H. Munk 1977 Henry… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Maurice Ewing — (* 12. Mai 1906 in Lockney, Texas; † 4. Mai 1974 in Galveston, Texas) war ein US amerikanischer Geophysiker. Ewing war von 1944 bis 1949 Associate Arofessor, von 1947 bis 1959 Professor und von 1959 bis 1972 Higgins Professor of Geology an der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Maurice Ewing — William Maurice Doc Ewing (12 mai 1906 4 mai 1974) est un géophysicien et océanographe américain. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Recherches 3 Distinctions et récompenses …   Wikipédia en Français

  • RV Maurice Ewing — R/V Maurice Ewing was a research vessel operated by the Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University. It was retired in 2005, to be replaced by R/V Marcus Langseth . Although a multipurpose vessel, Ewing s notable capability was to… …   Wikipedia

  • Ewing — heißen mehrere Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Ewing (Alabama) Ewing (Illinois) Ewing (Indiana) Ewing (Kalifornien) Ewing (Kentucky) Ewing (Louisiana) Ewing (Missouri) Ewing (Nebraska) Ewing (New Jersey) Ewing (Ohio) Ewing (Virginia) Ewing Farms …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maurice (Vorname) — Maurice ist ein männlicher Vorname. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maurice Hilleman — Maurice Ralph Hilleman Hilleman c. 1958, as chief of the Dept. of Virus Diseases, Walter Reed Army Medical Center Born August 30, 1919 Miles City, Montana …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.