Makli Hill


Makli Hill


Makli Hill
Tomb 1 Thatta.jpg
Tomb of Prince Sultan Ibrahim bin Mirza Muhammad Isa Tarkhan, Makli Hill
Makli Hill is located in Pakistan
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Location of Makli Hill, Pakistan
Details
Country Pakistan
Location Thatta
Type Sufi
Number of graves 125,000
Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta *
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Country Pakistan (Ancient India)
Type Cultural
Criteria iii
Reference 143
Region ** Asia-Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription 1981 (5th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List
** Region as classified by UNESCO

One of the largest necropolises in the world, with a diameter of approximately 8 kilometers, Makli Hill is supposed to be the burial place of some 125,000 Sufi saints. It is located on the outskirts of Thatta, the capital of lower Sind until the seventeenth century, in what is the southeastern province of present-day Pakistan.[1] It was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1981[2] under the name, Historical Monuments of Thatta.

Contents

History

Legends abound about its inception, but it is generally believed that the cemetery grew around the shrine of the fourteenth-century Sufi, Hamad Jamali. The tombs and gravestones spread over the cemetery are material documents marking the social and political history of Sind.

Imperial mausoleums are divided into two major groups, those from the Samma (1352–1520) and Tarkhan (1556–1592) periods. The tomb of the Samma king, Jam Nizamuddin II (reigned 1461–1509), is an impressive square structure built of sandstone and decorated with floral and geometric medallions. Similar to this is the mausoleum of Isa Khan Tarkhan II (d. 1651), a two-story stone building with majestic cupolas and balconies. In contrast to the syncretic architecture of these two monuments, which integrate Hindu and Islamic motifs, are mausoleums that clearly show the Central Asian roots of the later dynasty. An example is the tomb of Jan Beg Tarkhan (d. 1600), a typical octagonal brick structure whose dome is covered in blue and turquoise glazed tiles. Today, Makli Hill is a United Nations World Heritage Site that is visited by both pilgrims and tourists.

See also

References

  1. ^ www.bookrags.com
  2. ^ Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 10 February 2011

External links


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