- Makli Hill
Tomb of Prince Sultan Ibrahim bin Mirza Muhammad Isa Tarkhan, Makli Hill
Details Country Pakistan Location Thatta Type Sufi Number of graves 125,000 Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta *UNESCO World Heritage Site Country Pakistan (Ancient India) Type Cultural Criteria iii Reference 143 Region ** Asia-Pacific Inscription history Inscription 1981 (5th Session) * Name as inscribed on World Heritage List
** Region as classified by UNESCO
One of the largest necropolises in the world, with a diameter of approximately 8 kilometers, Makli Hill is supposed to be the burial place of some 125,000 Sufi saints. It is located on the outskirts of Thatta, the capital of lower Sind until the seventeenth century, in what is the southeastern province of present-day Pakistan. It was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1981 under the name, Historical Monuments of Thatta.
Legends abound about its inception, but it is generally believed that the cemetery grew around the shrine of the fourteenth-century Sufi, Hamad Jamali. The tombs and gravestones spread over the cemetery are material documents marking the social and political history of Sind.
Imperial mausoleums are divided into two major groups, those from the Samma (1352–1520) and Tarkhan (1556–1592) periods. The tomb of the Samma king, Jam Nizamuddin II (reigned 1461–1509), is an impressive square structure built of sandstone and decorated with floral and geometric medallions. Similar to this is the mausoleum of Isa Khan Tarkhan II (d. 1651), a two-story stone building with majestic cupolas and balconies. In contrast to the syncretic architecture of these two monuments, which integrate Hindu and Islamic motifs, are mausoleums that clearly show the Central Asian roots of the later dynasty. An example is the tomb of Jan Beg Tarkhan (d. 1600), a typical octagonal brick structure whose dome is covered in blue and turquoise glazed tiles. Today, Makli Hill is a United Nations World Heritage Site that is visited by both pilgrims and tourists.
- Illustration of Sind Tiles
- Ayaz Asif's photo collection of the Makli Hills and the Shah Jahan Mosque.
- Archnet.org Digital Library (Photographs)
- Two Monuments on Makli Hill
World Heritage Sites in Pakistan
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