- Hedvig Sophia of Sweden
Hedvig Sofia Augusta, Princess of Sweden (
26 June 1681- 22 December 1708), Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp. She was the eldest child of King Charles XI of Sweden, and his wife Ulrike Eleonore of Denmark.
12 May 1698at Karlbergshe married her cousin, Duke Frederick IV, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp.
Her marriage was arranged as a part of the traditional Swedish politics of alliance with Holstein-Gottorp against Denmark; her brother had earlier been expected to marry Frederick's sister, but he refused. Hedvig Sofia was an eager participant in the frequent partying that dominated her brother's court the few years before the
Great Northern Warin 1700, and she spent most of her life at the Swedish court; she visited Holstein-Gottorp in 1699 and remained there for about a year, but in 1700 she returned to Sweden again, where she was second in line to the Swedish throne and presumptive heir.
Hedvig Sofia became titular regent for her minor son the duke of Holstein-Gottorp in 1702, but she spent most of her time in Sweden and rarely visited her husband's home country. As a widow, there were plans to arrange a new political marriage for her; among the candidates were the Crown Prince of Hanover, the future king
George II of Great Britain, but she refused; she was then involved with the young Olof Gyllenborg. This relationship was openly public knowledge at court and seem to have been accepted, though much disliked by her grandmother, Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp. During her time as princess at the Swedish court, she was described as a beautiful woman with an interest in fashion, and the relationship between her and her brother the king was very deep; her brother took her death very hard. She was in fact not properly buried until 1718.
She is perhaps most well-known for the extensive correspondence between her and her brother King Charles XII, who lived most of his life in war-campaigns abroad. When he died in 1718 and left no male heirs to the throne, the late Hedwig Sophia's only child, Duke Karl Friedrich, was a main candidate for succeeding him, although the choice ultimately fell on Hedwig Sophia's younger sister Ulrika Eleonora.
She was the paternal grandmother of Emperor Peter III of Russia.
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1= 1. Hedvig Sophia of Sweden
Charles XI of Sweden
Ulrike Eleonora of Denmark
Charles X Gustav of Sweden
Hedvig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp
Frederick III of Denmark
Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
8= 8. John Casimir, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Kleeburg
Catharina of Sweden
Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Marie Elisabeth of Saxony
Christian IV of Denmark
Anne Catherine of Brandenburg
George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt
John I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
17= 17. Magdalene of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
Charles IX of Sweden
19= 19. Anna Maria of Palatinate-Simmern
John Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Augusta of Denmark
John George I, Elector of Saxony
23= 23. Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia
Frederick II of Denmark
Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
Joachim Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg
27= 27. Catherine of Brandenburg-Küstrin
William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Dorothea of Denmark
Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Magdalena von Brandenburg
* http://www.guide2womenleaders.com/womeninpower/Womeninpower1700-filer/image011.jpg(Image of her.)
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