- Grangetown, North Yorkshire
infobox UK place
country = England
Redcar and Cleveland
region= North East England
Grangetown is a township in the borough of
Redcar and Clevelandand the ceremonial countyof North Yorkshire, England,. It is situated on the outskirts of Middlesbroughbetween the town and ICI Wilton. It is approximately 3.3 miles east of Middlesbrough centre and 4.4 miles from Redcar. Although outside of Middlesbrough, it is part of the Middlesbrough Agglomeration. It was historically part of the parish and urban district of Eston. Grangetown was brought into the Teessidecounty borough in 1968, from 1974 to 1996 it formed part of the County of Cleveland, and in 1996 it became part of the Borough of Redcar and Cleveland(originally called "Langbaurgh"). It has a population of approximately 8,000 residents.
The impetus for the development of Grangetown was the discovery of ironstone in the Eston Hills in 1840, and the subsequent development of the iron and steel industry along the riverbanks by Messrs. Bolckow and Vaughan. By 1914, it was a compact and self-sufficient community of approximately 5,500 people with the majority of the houses lying between Bolckow Road and the steel works. There was a market square, shopping centre, boarding school, three pubs, six places of worship, a police station and public bathhouse. Though the inhabitants came from many parts of the country, the community had built up a strong identity and local pride. The majority of men worked in the steel works but a wide range of skills was represented within the town and a whole cross-section of society lived together in the town.
Grangetown underwent a period of quite rapid expansion between 1914 and 1939. Both the steel companies and the local council built estates from Bolckow Road to and across the new A1085 Trunk Road. The population in 1939 was approximately 9,000. After the war council house building was extended and in the 1950s reached Fabian Road.
* [http://www.communigate.co.uk/ne/cardboardcity/index.phtml Grangetown in Past Times]
* [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/NRY/Eston/Eston90.html Genuki - History of Eston parish & District] Descriptions from Bulmer's History and Directory of North Yorkshire (1890), retrieved
8 February 2006
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