19th Infantry Division (India)

19th Infantry Division (India)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=Indian 19th Division

country=United Kingdom
branch=British Indian Army
notable_commanders=Major General Jackie Smyth VC
Major General Thomas Wynford Rees
nickname="Dagger Division"
battles=Burma Campaign

The Indian 19th Infantry Division was raised during World War II, and played a prominent part in the final part of the Burma Campaign.

It was raised in Secunderabad in India in 1941. It originally consisted of the 62nd, 63rd and 64th Indian Infantry Brigades. Its first commander was Major-General Jackie Smyth VC , who was subsequently transferred to command the Indian 17th Infantry Division, then fighting in Burma. (Indian 63rd Infantry Brigade was also transferred from the division to Burma in March 1942, to be replaced by Indian 98th Infantry Brigade).

The division remained under temporary commanders until late 1942 when Major General Thomas Wynford Rees was appointed to command. It spent an extended period on internal security duties and in training before being committed to the Burma front in November 1944. As part of Indian XXXIII Corps, it played the major role in the capture of Mandalay. Transferred to Indian IV Corps, it guarded the British Fourteenth Army's line of communication and mounted an offensive towards Mawchi, in the Shan States.

Its successes were due to its fitness and high morale. Not having been stationed in the unhealthy mountains on the Indian / Burmese border in 1943, nor fought during the battles in 1944, it had a high proportion of pre-war regulars among its officers and senior NCO's.

The division was occasionally referred to as the "Dagger Division", from its divisional sign, which was a hand thrusting a dagger overhand, in yellow on a red background.

Order of Battle March 1 1945

General Officer commanding: "Major General Thomas Wynford Rees"
Chief of Staff: "Lieutenant Colonel John Masters DSO"
Commander, Royal Artillery: "Colonel WPA Robinson MC"

:Indian 62nd Infantry Brigade "(Brigadier James Ronald Morris DSO)":: 2nd Bn Welch Regiment:: 3rd Bn 6th Rajputana Rifles:: 4th Bn 9th Gurkha Rifles

:Indian 64th Infantry Brigade "(Brigadier George Alexander Bain)":: 2nd Bn Worcestershire Regiment:: 5th Bn 10th Baluch Regiment:: 1st Bn 6th Gurkha Rifles

:Indian 98th Infantry Brigade "(Brigadier Charles Ian Jerrard)":: 2nd Bn Royal Berkshire Regiment:: 8th Bn 12th Frontier Force Regiment:: 4th Bn 4th Gurkha Rifles

:Divisional Units:: 7th Light Cavalry (attached) "Stuart Tanks":: 1st Bn Assam Regiment (attached)

:: 1st Bn 15th Punjab Regiment ("Divisional reconnaissance regiment"):: MG Bn 11th Sikh Regiment ("Divisional Machine gun unit")

:: 134 Medium Regiment RA:: 4 Field Regiment IA:: 5 Field Regiment IA:: 115 Field Regiment IA:: 29 Mountain Regiment IA:: 33 Anti-tank Regiment RA ("mixed anti-tank and light anti-aircraft batteries")

:: 64 Field Company IE:: 65 Field Company IE:: 327 Field Park Company IE

External links

*oob unit | id = 6011 | name = 19 Indian Infantry Division

Further reading

* Jon Latimer, "Burma: The Forgotten War", London: John Murray, 2004 ISBN 0-7195-6576-6

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 25th Infantry Division (India) — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 25th Infantry Division caption= dates= 1942 1946 country= India allegiance= branch= British Indian Army type=Infantry role= size= command structure= garrison= current commander= ceremonial chief= colonel of the… …   Wikipedia

  • 23rd Infantry Division (India) — Infobox Military Unit unit name= Indian 23rd Infantry Division caption= dates= 1942 1945 country= United Kingdom allegiance= branch=British Indian Army type= role= size= command structure= garrison= equipment= current commander= ceremonial chief …   Wikipedia

  • 8th Infantry Division (India) — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 8th Infantry Division caption= dates= 1940 1946 (British Indian Army) 1962 (Indian Army) country= India allegiance= branch= Indian Army type=Infantry role= size= command structure= garrison= current commander=… …   Wikipedia

  • 10th Indian Infantry Division — Infobox Military Unit unit name= Indian 10th Infantry DivisionPakistan 10th Infantry Division caption= dates= 1941 19471947 country= British India Pakistan allegiance= branch=British Indian ArmyPakistan Army type=Infantry role= size= command… …   Wikipedia

  • 5th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 5th Infantry Division caption=Insignia of the 5th Division dates= 1906 1960 1995 Present country=United Kingdom allegiance= branch=British Army type= Infantry role= size= command structure= Land Command garrison=… …   Wikipedia

  • 2nd Infantry Division (United Kingdom) — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 2nd Division caption=Insignia of the 2nd Division dates= 1809 Present country= United Kingdom allegiance= branch= Regular/Territorial Army type= Infantry/All Arms and Services role= Training and Administration… …   Wikipedia

  • 19th Division — In military terms, 19th Division or 19th Infantry Division may refer to:; Infantry divisions :* 19th Infantry Division (India) * 19th Ersatz Division (German Empire) * 19th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (2nd Latvian) * 19th Division (German …   Wikipedia

  • 19th King George's Own Lancers — Infobox Military Unit unit name=19th King George s Own Lancers abbreviation= caption= dates= 1858 1947 country= British India allegiance=British Crown branch= British Indian Army type= Cavalry role= size= Regiment command structure=Indian Cavary… …   Wikipedia

  • India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… …   Universalium

  • 19th Royal Hussars — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 19th Royal Hussars (Queen Alexandra s Own) caption= dates= 1857 1922 country= allegiance= branch= British Army type= Regiment role= cavalry regiment size= command structure= current commander= garrison= ceremonial …   Wikipedia