Infobox German Location
name = Lörrach
image_coa = Loerrach wappen.svg
type = town
state = Baden-Württemberg
regbzk = Freiburg
district = Lörrach
population = 47438
population_as_of = 2006-12-31
pop_ref = [cite web |url=http://www.statistik-bw.de/SRDB/Tabelle.asp?01515023GE336050 |title=Annual area and population data for Lörrach |work=Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemburg |language=German |accessdate=2008-01-21]
area = 39.43
elevation = 294
lat_deg = 47 | lat_min = 37 | lat_sec=0 | lat_hem = N
lon_deg = 7 | lon_min = 40 | lon_sec=0 | lon_hem = E
postal_code = 79501-79541
area_code = (+49) 07621
licence = LÖ
mayor = Gudrun Heute-Bluhm
party = CDU
website = [http://www.loerrach.de/ loerrach.de]
image_plan = Grossraum Basel.png
plantext = Lörrach and surroundings
Lörrach is a city in southwest
Germany, in the valley of the Wiese, close to the French and the Swiss border. It is the capital of the district Lörrach in Baden-Württemberg. The biggest industry is the chocolatefactory Milka. The city had a population of 10,794 in 1905, and now 47,438 (2006).
Nearby is the castle of Rötteln on the Wiesental, whose lords became the counts of Hachberg and a residence of the Margraves of Baden; this was destroyed by the troops of Louis XIV in 1678, but was rebuilt in 1867. Lörrach received market rights in 1403, but did not obtain the privileges of a city until 1682.
After the Napoleonic epoch, the town was included in the
Grand Duchy of Baden. On 21 September 1848, Gustav Struvemade an attempt to start a revolutionary uprising in Lörrach as part of the Revolutions of 1848-49. It failed, and Struve was caught and imprisoned. Still, Lörrach was officially the capital of Germany for a day.
Lörrach is the hometown of
Ottmar Hitzfeld, one of the most successful and most popular football managers in Germany.
Lörrach is located in the most southern part of the
Rhine rift. The depression is created by tectonic movements and the area has a high earthquake risk. Several times at the year Lörrach is afflicted by slight and medial earthquakes.
The city is located in a valley of the
Quaternaryperiod. Lörrach is surrounded by slopes on two sides. The slopes create the southern part of the Wiesental. The river of the same name ( Wiese) flows through the valley.
Geographical locations of the subdistrict Lörrach:
* Elevation of the deepest place: 272 m (In the valley "Wiesental" at the border to Switzerland)
* Elevation of the highest place: 570 m (In the forest of "Rötteln")
The extension of the urban area from south to north is 6.0 km and from east to west 4.6 km.Lörrach is also the capital city of
Markgräflerlandand a part of the trinational agglomerationarea of Basel. Stuttgartis 220 km away from Lörrach and it takes one hour to drive to Berneand Zürich. The city has several forested hills along the valley Wiesental: Schädelberg, Homburg, Röttler Waldand Tüllinger Berg.
source: Statistisches Landesamt Stuttgart, Statistischer Jahresbericht der Stadt Lörrach. [ [http://www.statistik-bw.de/SRDB/Tabelle.asp?01035050GE336050 Population development from Statistischen Landesamt Stuttgart] ]
Coat of arms
Lörrach received city rights in 1682 when it became the capital of the Oberamt Rötteln-Sausenberg. At the same time its arms were granted. The arms show a
cantinglark (Lerche). In 1756 both the city rights and the arms were re-granted by Count Karl Friedrich of Baden. The colours are also the colours of Baden. Even though the arms have not changed since, the shape and size of the lark have changed considerably. The present arms are used since the early 1960s and show a very modern variation of the lark. After the municipal reforms the arms were reconfirmed on November 11, 1975.
Lörrach belonged at first to the diocese of Konstanz and was subordinated to the
archdioceseof Breisgau. In 1529, after the reformationhad been introduced there, the parsonage of Lörrach was occupied from Basel. The reformation in the city was introduced in 1556. After that, Lörrach was for many centuries a predominantly Protestant city. In Rötteln an archdiocese had existed since the beginning of the 15th century that, at the end of the 17th century, shifted to Lörrach. The Protestant parson of Lörrach was from 1682 an intendant, too. The "Stadtkirche" is the main church of Lörrach (first mentioned in the 12th century). In addition, Lörrach has a few parishes: "Johannespfarrei" (founded in 20th century), "Pauluspfarrei" for the northern city (founded in 1906), "Matthäuspfarrei" for the eastern city, Inzlingen (founded in 1949), "Markuspfarrei" (founded in 1956), Salzertgemeinde (founded in 1969), and "Friedensgemeinde" for the district of Homburg (founded in 1974).
The borough of Stetten was controlled by
Austriauntil 1803. Therefore Stetten has a Catholic tradition, although the reformation had been introduced years before. Because of a contract with AustriaStetten became again Catholic. At first the parish Stetten looked also after the resident catholics of Lörrach. They celebrated their church services in the new church, the "Fridolinskirche" (1822). The original church of Stettens was founded in the 13th century. Between 1864 and 1867 in Lörrach its own parish church (St Bonifatius) was built, at which a curate were created, which was raised in 1882 to a parsonage. A second catholic church (St Peter) was built in 1964. In Brombach they already built in 1900 a church (St Josephskirche), which is since 1911 a parsonage. All catholic parishes of Lörrach form today together with the neighbour parishes St. Peter and Paul in Inzlingen a cure of souls inside the deanery Wiesental of the archbishopric Freiburg.
Today there is a slight predominance of the Evangelist denomination. In the borough Stetten exists a relative catholic majority.
Beside the two large churches there are also parishes, which belong to
free churches. For example the Freie evangelische Gemeinde or FeG Lörrach ("English: Free Evangelist community").
The municipal council of Lörrach consists 32 honorary aldermen and alderwomen, whose chairman is the Oberbürgermeisterin (
mayor). The municipal council is elected for a period of five years by the citizenry. The last election from 13 June 2004had a percentage of voting of 41.2% and resulted in the following allocation of seats in the city hall of Lörrach:
Source: [ [http://www.statistik-bw.de/SRDB/Tabelle.asp?02045013GE336050 Results of the municipal council election of 2004] ] (1) Kommunale Unabhängige Liste ("English: Municipal autonomous list")* variance to the municipal council elections of 1999.
Heads of city
chronicleof Lörrach reports of a Johann von Schallbachin the year 1366 as first Vogt. The office designation of mayorswas reserved for the local chiefs of the cities. As first mayor of Lörrach is Marx Christoph Leibfriedcalled in the year of the first German town lawof the city in 1682. He was employed by the Markgraf. Since 1956 the city head is the Oberbürgermeister, who are selected directly by the citizens.
Mayors since 1804
Source: [ "Lörrach: Landschaft - Geschichte - Kultur", Seite 683 f ] * Oberbürgermeister
Sens, France(since 1966)
Senigallia, Italy(since 1986)
Meerane, Germany(since 1990)
Chester, England(since 2002)
Numerous meetings take place annually and exchanges between schools and associations. The Hebel Gymnasium School in Lörrach takes part in an annual school exchange with
The Mountbatten Schoolin Romsey, England. To Wyschgorodin the Ukraineexists besides a friendly connection. In the year 2004 "Lörrach International" was created, an association for the advancement of the partnerships between cities and international friendships. In the year 2006 a culture partnership was substantiated to Edirnein Turkey.
Economics and infrastructure
The town offers approximately 18,300 jobs. Retailers gained a business volume of 342,7 millions euro in the year 2004. Approximately a fifth of this business volume was generated by customers from Switzerland.
Bundesautobahn 98passes Lörrach. Thereby it has a direct connection to the Bundesautobahn 5and to the A35 autoroutein France. The A2 motorway and the A3 motorway of Switzerland are also in the near of Lörrach. The BundesstraßeB 317, from Titisee-Neustadt across the pass of the Feldberg, is the most important arterial road of the City. The Bundesstraße 317 is interrupted by the national territory of Switzerland. At present the B 317 is built through this national territory as duty-free road.
In Lörrach there is a terminal, where car-drivers can travel together with their cars by train. The terminal connects Lörrach with
Hildesheim, Bremen, Hamburgand Berlin. The railway connections "Linie S5" (Weil am Rhein - Lörrach - Steinen) and "Linie S6" (Basel SBB - Lörrach - Steinen - Zell im Wiesental) - called the red line - are parts of the Regio S-Bahn Basel. In 2005 the railway station was renovated and was developed suitable for the handicapped. The modern Stadler FLIRT-Trains of the SBB-CFF-FFSused since 2005. From 1919 to 1939 as well as from 1947 to 1967 the Line 6 of the tram of Basel operated as urban tram of Lörrach. Into the bargain Lörrach has some local and regional bus connections. They belong to the Regio Verkehrsverbund Lörrach. The next international airport, the EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg, is 14 km away from Lörrach.
Administrative bodies, organisations and courts
Lörrach, as district accommodates the district administration office and a highway maintenance depot. Lörrach has several schools of all school types: A
Folk high school, a municipal library with over 65,000 books, a scientific Staatsbibliothek, a school of music and two another libraries. The local court of Lörrach is responsible for cities and municipalities in the district. Furthermore there is a labour court in Lörrach, which practises the jurisdiction in first instance for the districts Lörrach and Waldshut. In addition there are three Superior Courts of Justice in Radolfzell am Bodensee. Lörrach has also a tax office, a labour office, a motorway police (German: "Autobahnpolizei") and a criminal investigation department. On the 1 January 1994the three hospitals Lörrach, Rheinfelden and Schopfheim were pooled into a GmbH. The Lörracher hospital was opened on 1 October 1845, at that time as urban infirmary; today the hospital Lörrach has 351 beds.
Companies in Lörrach
The largest company and employer in Lörrach is the chocolate manufacturer
Kraft FoodsDeutschland GmbH, well-known for the trademarks Milkaand Suchard. A second important company is GABA, a Pharmaceutical company which produces the famous Elmexand Aronaltoothpaste.Other companies:
* KBC, textile finishing company
Midro, producer of laxative tea
Migros, the headquarter of Migros Germany is in Lörrach
Brauerei Lasser GmbH, a brewery with 70 employees
Print Media: Two daily newspapers based in Lörrach with a local editorial office:
Badische Zeitungand Die Oberbadische. Die Oberbadische (former: Oberbadisches Volksblatt) with publishing place in the city is the oldest newspaper of Lörrach (since 1885). In addition the "Oberbadische Verlagshaus" publishes the two newspapers "Weiler Zeitung" und "Markgräfler Tagblatt". The city magazine "Puls" is published monthly and reports about events in and around Lörrach.
Broadcast and television: The radio programme of
Südwestrundfunkhas a regional office in Lörrach. There they producing parts of the radio program SWR4 Baden-Wuerttemberg.
Born in Lörrach
Melanie Behringer(* 1985))
Sebastian Deisler(* 1980)
Richard Geppert(* 1963)
Ottmar Hitzfeld(* 1949)
Jörg Kachelmann(* 1958)
Thilo Muster(* 1965)
Hartmut Rosa(* 1965)
Hans-Peter Schwarz(* 1934)
Heinz Zuber(* 1941)
Marion Caspers-Merk(* 1955)
Johann Peter Hebel(1760–1826)
Egon von Neindorff(1923–2004)
Rainer Offergeld(* 1937)
Roland Wiesendanger(* 1961)
Henning Wiesner(* 1944)
Lorrach is also the home town of German thrash metal band "
Destruction" formed in 1984 and still running today,it is the leader in the German thrash metal movement.
* [http://www.loerrach.de Official website] (German)
*de icon [http://www.deheim.de/loerrach/ Lörrach:History and images]
* [http://www.ngw.nl/int/dld/l/lorrach.htm Lörrach Civic Heraldry]
* [http://www.loerrach-zeitung.de Newspaper of the area]
* [http://postcard-from-weil.blogspot.com News and musings from Weil am Rhein - German town near Loerrach on the Basle border triangle]
* [http://www.badische-seiten.de/impressionen/index.php?action=showgallery&pfad=Burg-Roetteln Burg Rötteln: Picture Gallery]
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