The Batiniyya (or "Batini"') was an
esoteric Ismailisect of Shi'i Islam.
Batiniyya is a somewhat pejorative term to refer to those groups, such as
Alevism, Ismailism, and often Sufismwhich distinguish between an inner, esotericlevel of meaning "Batini" in the Qur'an, in addition to the outer, exotericlevel of meaning " Zahiri". "Batini ta’wil" is the name given to the exegesis("ta'wil") of the esoteric knowledge which rests with the Imam, or with the Shaykh/ Pirin Sufism.
Esoteric interpretation of the Qur'an
Bektashi, another group focusing on "batin" and "zahir"
* [http://www.iis.ac.uk/glossary_list.asp?f=a&t=z&l=en Glossary of Ismaili terms] , at The Institute of Ismaili Studies
* [http://people.cas.sc.edu/vishanof/I-terms/zahir%20-%20batin.htm Zahir and batin] , short definitions.
* [http://webpages.marshall.edu/~laher1/batini.html Citicism of the Batinis] , based on the Qur'an
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