Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) is a
resinous, fibrous, or rubbery organic polymer. Almost all polyacrylonitrile resins are copolymers made from mixtures of monomers; with acrylonitrileas the main component. PAN fibers are the chemical of high-quality carbon fiber. It is chemically modified to make the carbon fibers found in tennis rackets, badminton rackets & high-tech bicycles. It is a component repeat unitin several important copolymers, such as styrene-acrylonitrileor SAN and ABS plastic.
Homopolymers of polyacrylonitrile have been used as fibers in hot gas filtration systems, outdoor awnings, sails for yachts, and even fiber reinforced concrete. Mainly, copolymers containing polyacrylonitrile are used as fibers to make knitted clothing, like socks and sweaters, as well as outdoor products like tents and similar items. If the label of a piece of clothing says "acrylic", then it is made out of some copolymer of polyacrylonitrile. It was made into spun fiber at DuPont in 1941 and marketed under the name of Orlon. [http://heritage.dupont.com/touchpoints/tp_1941/overview.shtml]
* Copolymer with styrene:
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Polyacrylonitrile — Pour les articles homonymes, voir PAN. Polyacrylonitrile Général … Wikipédia en Français
polyacrylonitrile — /pol ee ak reuh loh nuy tril, treel, truyl/, n. Chem. a polymer of acrylonitrile used in the manufacture of Orlon and other synthetic textiles. [1930 35; POLY + ACRYLONITRILE] * * * ▪ chemical compound any of a class of resinous, fibrous,… … Universalium
polyacrylonitrile — poliakrilnitrilas statusas T sritis chemija formulė Formulę žr. priede. priedas( ai) Grafinis formatas atitikmenys: angl. polyacrylonitrile rus. полиакрилонитрил ryšiai: sinonimas – poli(1 cianetilenas) … Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas
polyacrylonitrile — noun Date: 1935 a polymer of acrylonitrile used often as fibers … New Collegiate Dictionary
polyacrylonitrile — noun Any polymer or copolymer of acrylonitrile; they are mostly resins that are used to make fibers for fabrics … Wiktionary
polyacrylonitrile — poly·ac·rylo·ni·trile (pol″e ə kril″o niґtrīl) a polymer of acrylonitrile used as a hemodialyzer membrane; it is more permeable by diffusion than cuprophane for larger molecules, but fluid removal is rapid and not entirely… … Medical dictionary
polyacrylonitrile — poly·acrylonitrile … English syllables
polyacrylonitrile — |pälē + noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary poly + acrylonitrile : a solid polymer of acrylonitrile (−CH2CH(CN)−)x that is soluble in dimethylformamide from which after appropriate blending it may be spun into textile filaments… … Useful english dictionary
Carbon fiber — or carbon fibre [See American and British English spelling differences.] (alternately called graphite fiber, graphite fibre or carbon graphite) is a material consisting of extremely thin fibers about 0.0002–0.0004 inches (0.005–0.010 mm) in… … Wikipedia
fibre, man-made — Introduction fibre whose chemical composition, structure, and properties are significantly modified during the manufacturing process. Man made fibres are spun and woven into a huge number of consumer and industrial products, including… … Universalium