7th millennium BC


7th millennium BC

During the 7th millennium BC, agriculture spreads from Anatolia to the Balkans.

World population is essentially stable at around 5 million people, living mostly widely scattered across the globe in small hunting-gathering tribes. In the agricultural communities of the Middle East, the cow is domesticated and use of pottery grows common, spreading to Europe and South Asia, and the first metal (gold and copper) ornaments are made.

Cultures

*c. 7000 BC — First neolithic settlements with ceramics, in Crete, Aegean SeaGreece.
*c. 7000 BC — Beginning of the Peiligang culture in China.
*c. 7000 BCAgriculture and neolithic settlement at Mehrgarh, in current-day Baluchistan, Pakistan.
*c. 7000 BCAgriculture among the Papuan peoples of New Guinea [Encyclopedia Britannica, "Melanesian cultures"]
*c. 7000 BC600 BCElam.
*c. 7000 BCElam becomes farming region.
*c. 7000 BC6000 BC — Figure from Ain Ghazal, Jordan, was made. It is now in National Museum, Amman, Jordan.
*c. 6850–4800 BC — Advanced agriculture and a very early use of pottery by the Sesclo culture in Thessaly, Greece.
*c. 6500 BCPaleolithic period ended. Neolithic period started in China.
*c. 6500 BC — Beginning of the Houli culture in China.
*c. 6500 BC5500 BCÇatalhöyük, Turkey. Inhabitants traded obsidian. c. 5000 inhabitants.
*c. 6200 BC — Beginning of the Xinglongwa culture in China.
*c. 6000 BC — Beginning of the Cishan culture in China.
*c. 6000 BC — First traces of habitation of the Svarthola cave in Norway.

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

*c. 7000 BC — Mesolithic site Lepenski Vir emerges in today's Serbia.
*c. 7000 BC — Earliest pottery in Ancient Near East.
*c. 7000 BCElam became farming region.
*c. 7000 BCChinese domestication of rice, millet, soy beans, and yams. (1990 Rand McNally Atlas)
*c. 7000 BCRed pepper, bottle gourd, avocados, and squash cultivated on Pacific coast of Guatemala. (Bailey 1973)
*c. 6500 BCNaalebinding, a form of knitting, used in Judean Desert (modern day Israel).
*c. 6500 BC — Two breeds of non-wolf dogs in Scandinavia. Domestic pigs appear at Jarmo. Domestic cattle in Turkey.
*c. 6200 BC — Mural painting or map from Çatalhöyük, an early-civilized city that prospered by trading obsidian, Anatolia — modern Turkey.
*6000 BCBan Po settlement in China.
*8000 BCJericho settlement in the Levant.
*Agriculture appears around in the Balkans, see Old European Culture.
*Beekeeping is first recorded. Rock paintings on cave walls in Africa and eastern Spain show people gathering honey from trees or rock crevices while bees fly around them — cave drawings in Spain, near Valencia.
*Pastoralism and cultivation of cereals (East Sahara).( Fact|date=February 2007)
*Gold and native copper begin to be used.( Fact|date=February 2007)
*Middle East: Domestication of the cow.( Fact|date=February 2007)
*Archaic pottery making, burial mound construction, and garden technology (North America).
* North America: Indigenous Peoples of the Americas begin using stone to grind food and to hunt American Bison and smaller animals.
* North America: Deciduous plants make their appearance on Long Island .
* North America: Northern Atlantic Ocean is cooled by 3–6°C due to enormous floods. ( Fact|date=February 2007)
*Mexico — Incipient agriculture begins (North America).
*Peru, Guitarrero Cave, plant fibers are twisted, knotted, and looped into baskets, mats (South America).
*Eastern Mediterranean — Forms of pottery become decoration.
*Animal figures of Estuarine-period rock painting in Australia include saltwater fish and crocodiles.

Environmental changes

*c. 7000 BC — Wild horse populations drop in Europe proper; horse disappears from the island of Great Britain, but was never found in Ireland. (Horse & Man, Clutton-Brock) Extinction probably caused by climatic shift, leading to excessively rich spring feed and mass lameness from founder, making them easy prey (Bolich & Ingraham)
*c. 7000 BCEnglish Channel formed [Roberts, J: "History of the World." Penguin, 1994.]
*c. 7000 BCNeolithic Subpluvial begins in northern Africa
*6440 BC ± 25 yearsKurile volcano on Russia's Kamchatka Peninsula has VEI 7 eruption. It is one of the largest of the Holocene epoch
*c. 6100 BC — The Storegga Slide, causing a megatsunami in the Norwegian Sea
*c. 6000 BC — Rising sea levels form the Torres Strait, separating Australia from New Guinea
*c. 6000 BC — Between 12,000 BC and 5,000 BC it appears that massive inland flooding was taking place in several regions of the world, making for subsequent sea level rises which could be relatively abrupt for many worldwide.

References


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