official_name = Yazd
native_name = يزد
dot_x = |dot_y =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = IRN
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = Yazd
population_as_of = 2006
population_note = estimate
population_total = 505037
timezone = IRST
utc_offset = +3:30
latd=31 |latm=54 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=54 |longm=22 |longs= |longEW=E
elevation_m = 1216
footnotes = Yazd (pronounced /jæzd/) (In Persian: یزد), is the capital of
Yazd province, "the second most ancient and historic city in the world"Fact|date=June 2008 and a centre of Zoroastrianculture. The city is located some 175 miles southeast of Isfahan. In 2005it had an estimated population of 433,836 people. [http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/Iran.html] In 2006 it had an estimated population of 505,037. [http://www.world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=1152404802&men=gcis&lng=en&dat=32&geo=-106&srt=npan&col=aohdq&geo=-1929] . Because of generations of adaptations to its desert surroundings, Yazd is an architecturally unique city. It is also known in Iran for the high quality handicrafts, especially silkweaving, and its sweets shops.
Yazd with the area of 131,551km² is situated at an
oasiswhere the Dasht-e Kavirdesert and the Dasht-e Lutdesert meet, the city is sometimes called "the bride of the Kavir" because of its location, in a valley between Shir Kuh, the tallest mountain in the region at 4075 m. above sea level, and Kharaneq. The city itself is located at 1203 m. above sea-level, and covers 16,000 km².
According to the administrative division rules, the Yazd province is divided into 10 districts, each includes at least one town and a number of villages. These districts are: Abarkuh, Ardakan, Bafq, Khatam, Maybod, Mehriz, Tabas, Sadough, Taft and Yazd.
* southern and Southern West MountainsThis mountains are widest than other groups of mountains.The most important mountain in these mountains is Shir Kuh
*Eastern MountainsThis mountains are located in east of
Yazd provinceand the highest mountains among this mountains are [bon lokht (3002m)] and [bajegan(2879m)] .
*Northern East MountainsThese mountains are located east of [Tabas] .This group also includes the mountains Shir Kuh
Yazd is the driest major city in Iran, with an average annual rainfall of only convert|60|mm|in|1, and also the hottest north of the Persian Gulf coast, with summer temperatures very frequently above convert|40|C|F in blazing sunshine with no humidity. Even at night the temperatures in summer are rather uncomfortable. In the winter, the days remain mild and sunny, but in the morning the thin air and low cloudiness cause very cold temperatures that can sometimes fall well below convert|0|C|F.
The city has a 3000 year long history, dating back to the time of the Median empire, when it was known as Ysatis (or Issatis). The present city name, however, may have been derived from
Yazdegerd I, a Sassanidruler. The city was definitely a Zoroastrian centre during Sassanid times. After the Islamic conquest of Persia, many Zoroastrians fled to Yazd from neighbouring provinces. The city remained Zoroastrian even after the conquest by paying a levy, and only gradually did Islamcome to be the dominant religion in the city
Because of its remote desert location and the difficulty of approach, Yazd had remained largely immune to large battles and the destruction and ravages of war. For instance, it was a haven for those fleeing from destruction in other parts of Persia during the invasion of
Genghis Khan. It was visited by Marco Poloin 1272who remarked on the city's fine silk-weaving industry. It briefly served as the capital of the Muzaffarid Dynasty in the 14th century, and was sieged unsuccessfully in 1350–1351 by the Injuidsunder Shaikh Abu Ishaq. The Friday (or Congregation) Mosque, arguably the city's greatest architectural landmark, as well as other important buildings, date to this period. During the Qajar dynasty(18th Century AD) it was ruled by the BakhtiariKhans.
There is a very amazing thing about Yazd and its people who moved to the east of Yazd. In the rule of the Savafis (16. century) people from Yazd migrated to a place and called it Yazdi: This place is currently on the Iranian-Afghan border in the province of Farah, in Farah city in Afghanistan. The people of Yazdi in Farah city, in the province of Farah, are all Persians and Shi'ite (Shi'a) Muslims. They speak with an accent that is very similar to the Iranian people of Yazd. These Shi'ite-Persians in Yazdi of Farah city are forgotten.
Architecture and Heritage
Yazd's heritage as a centre of Zoroastrianism is also important. There is a
Tower of Silenceon the outskirts, and the city itself has a Fire Temple, which holds a fire that has been kept alight continuously since 470 AD. Presently, Zoroastrians make up a significant minority of the population, around 20 - 40,000 or 5 to 10%.
Historical Sites in Yazd City
* Arab-ha House
* Malek-altojjar House
* Lari-ha House
* Mullah Ismall mosque
* sahl Ibn Ali Mausoleum
* Khan Bazaar
* Rasoulian House
* Sheikh Ahmad Fahadan Mausoleum
* Seyed Rokn-al din Mausoleum
* Seyed Shams-al din Mausoleum
* Masoudi Reservoir
* Malak-al Tojjar House
* Mortaz House
* Iran Shahr School
* Hajj Yusef Reservoir
* Rig mosque
* Fort mosque
* Shah Tahmasb mosque
* Zargari Bazzar
* Mortazian House
* Fortifications of Yazd
* Zia iah school
Always known for the quality of its silk and carpets, Yazd today is one of Iran's industrial centers for textiles. There is also a considerable ceramics and construction materials industry and unique confectionery and jewelry industries. A significant portion of the population is also employed in other industries including agriculture, dairy, metal works and machine manufacturing. There are a number of companies involved in the growing information technology industry, mainly manufacturing primary materials such as cables and connectors. Currently Yazd is the home of the largest manufacturer of fibre optics in Iran.
Yazd's confectioneries have a tremendous following throughout Iran, which has been a source of tourism for the city. Workshops ("experts" or "khalifehs") keep their recipes a guarded secret and there are many that have remained a private family business for many generations. Baghlava,
ghotaband pashmakare the most popular sweets made in the city.
In 2000 the Yazd Water Museum opened; [http://www.qanat.info/en/museam.php] it features exhibits of water storage vessels and historical technologies related to water.
Famous people from Yazd
Mohammad Khatami, former president of Iran was born in Yazd.
Mohammad Reza Aref, Vice President of Iran from 2001 to 2005.
Mohammad Rahmati, Minister of roads and transportation from 2005 to Aug 2008.
Mirza Mohammad Farrokhi Yazdi, poet and politician.
Saeed Mortazavi, General Prosecutor of Tehran.
Mohammad Ali Sadouqi, parlementary assistan in Mohammad Khatami's cabinet.he is husband of khatami's sister and Imam Jum'a in Yazd
Seyed Mehdi K. Ezzabady,Scientist,Researcher,Inventor.
Mohammad Jafar Pouyandeh, Iranian dissident murdered in 1998.
Farhad Mortaz, Iranian Human Right Activist.
Moshe Katsav, former president of Israel, was born in Yazd.
Habibollah Bitaraf, Former Minister of Energy
Seyyed Ziya-e-ddin Tabatabai, Iranian prime minister 21 Feb 1921-04 Jun 1921
Moshe Khokshourzadeh - Moe Arman, Iranian-American Scientist, Researcher, Inventor
Higher education in Yazd
University of Yazdwas established in 1988. It has a college of Architecture specializing in traditional Persian Art and Architecture. Yazd and its nearby towns contain the following institutes of higher education:
University of Yazd
Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
*# [http://www.bafgh-iau.ac.ir/ Islamic Azad University of Bafq]
*# [http://www.iaumaybod.ir/ Islamic Azad University of Maybod]
*# [http://www.iauyazd.ac.ir/ Islamic Azad University of Yazd]
*# [http://www.sampad.info/ Yazd Sampad Information Center]
*# [http://www.ystp.org/ Yazd Science and Technology Park]
* [http://www.yazdia.com/ Yazd news and ads site]
* [http://www.yazdcity.ir/ Yazd Cultural Heritage & Tourism Organization]
* [http://www.yazd.com/ Yazd.com]
* [http://yazdchto.ir/ Cultural Heritage Organization Bureau of Yazd Province]
* [http://www.ghoolabad.com/ GhoolAbad.com]
* [http://www.yazdtourism.com/ YazdTourism.com]
* [http://www.letsgoiran.com/yazd/yazd-travel-guide Yazd Photos & Videos]
* [http://www.yazdivf.org/ Yazd Research & Clinical Center for Infertility]
* [http://www.yazduni.ac.ir Yazd University]
* [http://tehran.stanford.edu/imagemap/yazd.html Yazd on stanford.edu]
* [http://www.yazdrollingmill.com/ The Largest private sector steel plant in Iran]
* [http://www.ekhteraat.persianblog.ir/ Ganjinehe Elmo Fan] Scientific&Technological Views.
* [http://homepages.tesco.net/~m_w_fenrych/wlodek_fenrych/yazd.htm Yazd - the everlasting flame (the Zoroastrians in Yazd)]
* [http://www.irpedia.com/iran/best/365/ Yazd, Bride of Desert]
* [http://wznn.org/ World Zoroastrian News Network (WZNN)]
yazd is the best
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Yazd — Yazd … Deutsch Wikipedia
Yazd — یزد Bandera … Wikipedia Español
Yazd — es una de la 30 provincias de Irán. Localizada en el centro del país, su capital es Yazd. * * * ► C. del centro de Irán, capital de la prov. homónima (63 455 km2 y 574 028 h); 230 483 h. Mezquita del s. XIV … Enciclopedia Universal
Yazd — 31° 53′ 50″ N 54° 22′ 03″ E / 31.8972222, 54.3675 … Wikipédia en Français
Yazd — /yahzd/, n. Yezd. * * * ▪ Iran also spelled Yezd, city, central Iran. The city dates from the 5th century AD and was described as the “noble city of Yazd” by Marco Polo. It stands on a mostly barren, sand ridden plain about 4,000 feet (1 … Universalium
Yazd — Original name in latin Yazd Name in other language AZD, Dakbayan sa Yazd, Giaznt, Jazd, Jazdo, Jezd, Jezdas, Yazd, Yezd, Yzd, iezdi, ya ci de, yajeudeu, yazudo, yzd, Јазд, Йезд, Язд State code IR Continent/City Asia/Tehran longitude 31.89722… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Yazd — Yezd, Yazd ou Yadz v. d Iran, au S. E. d Ispahan; 193 000 hab.; ch. l. de la prov. du m. nom. Industr. textiles. Centre religieux des mazdéens. Yazd V. Yezd … Encyclopédie Universelle
Yazd — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Yazd Country and Admin Code IR.40 IR … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
Yazd — or Yezd geographical name city central Iran population 230,483 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Yazd — Yạzd [ z ], Jẹsd, Oasenstadt in Iran, im inneriranischen Wüstenbecken, 1 243 m über dem Meeresspiegel, Verwaltungssitz der gleichnamigen Provinz, 326 800 Einwohner. Die durch Kanate bewässerte, traditionsreiche Handels und Karawanenstadt… … Universal-Lexikon