India General Service Medal (1854)


India General Service Medal (1854)

Infobox Military Award
name= India General Service Medal (1854)


caption= Obverse (top left) and reverse (top right) of the medal. Ribbon: 32mm, three crimson and two dark blue stripes of equal width.
awarded_by= United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
type= Campaign medal
eligibility= British and Indian forces.
for= Campaign service.
campaign= India 1852-1895.
status=
description= Silver or bronze disk, 36mm diameter.
clasps=

  • Pegu
  • Persia
  • North West Frontier
  • Umbeyla
  • Bhootan
  • Looshai
  • Perak
  • Jowaki 1877-78
  • Naga 1879-80
  • Burma 1885-87
  • Sikkim 1888
  • Hazara 1888
  • Burma 1887-89
  • Burma 1887-9
  • Chin Lushai 1889-90
  • Lushai 1889-92
  • Samana 1891
  • Hazara 1891
  • NE Frontier 1891
  • Hunza 1891
  • Burma 1889-92
  • Chin Hills 1892-93
  • Kachin Hills 1892-93
  • Waziristan 1894-95

  • established= 11 March 1854
    total=


    caption2=

    __NOTOC__The Indian General Service Medal (1854 IGSM) was a campaign medal approved in 1854, for issue to officers and men of the British and Indian armies.

    The 1854 IGSM was approved on 1 March 1854. It was awarded for various minor military campaigns in India, during 1852 to 1895. Each battle or action covered by the medal was represented by a clasp on the ribbon; 24 were sanctioned, [Medals Yearbook 2005, p143.] the maximum awarded to one man is thought to be seven. [to General Sir AW Lockhart, although there have been unsubstantiated claims that some native Indian soldiers had up to ten bars, British Battles and Medals, p120.] The medal was never issued without a clasp.

    The medal was initially awarded in silver to all ranks, regardless of race or branch of service. However starting from 1885 (with the "Burma 1885-7" bar) both medal and clasp were issued in bronze to native support personnel such as bearers, sweepers, and drivers. [Medal Yearbook 2005, p143]

    Clasps

    * Pegu
    * Persia
    * North West Frontier
    * Umbeyla
    * Bhootan
    * Looshai
    * Perak
    * Jowaki 1877-78
    * Naga 1879-80
    * Burma 1885-87
    * Sikkim 1888
    * Hazara 1888
    * Burma 1887-89
    * Burma 1887-9
    * Chin Lushai 1889-90
    * Lushai 1889-92
    * Samana 1891
    * Hazara 1891
    * NE Frontier 1891
    * Hunza 1891
    * Burma 1889-92
    * Chin Hills 1892-93
    * Kachin Hills 1892-93
    * Waziristan 1894-95

    Notes

    Bibliography

    * Mackay, J and Mussel, J (eds) - "Medals Yearbook - 2006", (2005), Token Publishing.
    * Joslin, Litherland, and Simpkin (eds), "British Battles and Medals", (1988), Spink


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