Attalus III


Attalus III

Attalus III (in Greek Attalos III) Philometor Euergetes (ca 170 BC – 133 BC) was the last Attalid king of Pergamon, ruling from 138 BC to 133 BC.

He was the son of Eumenes II and wife Stratonike and the nephew of Attalus II, whom he succeeded. Married to Berenice (?) (in Greek "Βερενίκη"), they were the parents of a daughter, Princess of Pergamum (it is assumed that this link is a daughter since Attalus III is noted as dying without leaving heirs), who was the mother of Berenice (?), married to Deiotaros I Philoromaios, King of Galatia. "Philometor Euergetes" means "Loving-his-Mother, Benefactor" in Greek. He was so-called because of his close relationship with his mother Stratonice.

Attalus III had little interest in ruling Pergamon, devoting his time to studying medicine, botany, gardening, and other pursuits. He had no male children or heirs of his own, and in his will he left the kingdom to the Roman Republic. Tiberius Gracchus requested that the treasury of Pergamon be opened up to the Roman public, but the Senate refused this.

Not everyone in Pergamon accepted Rome's rule. Aristonicus, who claimed to be Attalus' brother as well as the son of Eumenes II, an earlier king, led a revolt among the lower classes with the help of Blossius. The revolt was put down in 129 BC, and Pergamon was divided among Rome, Pontus, and Cappadocia.

References

*Hansen, Esther V. (1971). "The Attalids of Pergamon". Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press; London: Cornell University Press Ltd. ISBN 0-8014-0615-3.
*Kosmetatou, Elizabeth (2003) "The Attalids of Pergamon," in Andrew Erskine, ed., "A Companion to the Hellenistic World". Oxford: Blackwell: pp. 159–174. ISBN 1-4051-3278-7. [http://books.google.com/books?id=c1-SvffPjUUC&pg=PA159&dq=kosmetatou&ei=5n0sSPeUPIuOywSjx6XLAw&sig=1cqZNmNUIlpKQecTZeac2XRwn5M text]
*Christian Settipani, Les Ancêtres de Charlemagne (France: Éditions Christian, 1989).
*Simon Hornblower and Tony Spawforth, Who's Who (Classical World), pg. 61.


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Attalus III — (Philometor) king of Pergamum 138 133 B.C. * * * …   Universalium

  • Attalus III — (Philometor) king of Pergamum 138 133 B.C …   Useful english dictionary

  • Attalus III Philometor Euergetes — ▪ king of Pergamum born c. 170 BC died 133       king of Pergamum from 138 to 133 BC who, by bequeathing his domains to Rome, ended the history of Pergamum as an independent political entity. He was the son of Eumenes II (reigned 197–159) and… …   Universalium

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  • ATTALUS II — ATTALUS II. prim um a fratre Eumene II. Romam missus, Legationem felicissime obiit. Redux a fratre filii Attali III. tutor constitutus est, cuius nomine Regnum ann. 20. magnâ prudentiae laude administravit. Strab. l. 13. Polyb. l. 5. Eum excepit… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Attalus I — ( el. polytonic|Ἄτταλος), surnamed Soter ( el. polytonic|Σωτὴρ, Savior ; 269 BC ndash; 197 BC) [Livy, [http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/txt/ah/Livy/Livy33.html 33.21–22] , says that Attalus died in the consulship of Cornelius and Minucius (197 BC) at… …   Wikipedia

  • Attalus I. — Attalus I. (241–197 v. Chr.), König von Pergamus, erweiterte sein Gebiet durch Siege über den syrischen Antiochus II.; gegen Antiochus III. und Philipp III. von Macedonien schützte ihn sein Bündniß mit Rom. Dieselbe Politik befolgte A. II.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Attalus — (Attalos). I. Römischer Kaiser: 1) A., unter Honorius Präfect von Rom, wurde nach der 2. Belagerung Roms durch Alarich 409 n. Chr. auf dessen Betrieb zum Kaiser gemacht; nach wenig Monaten von Alarich verachtet, ging er nach Gallien zu dem… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Attalus I. — Attălus I., der erste König von Pergamon, 241 197 v. Chr. Seine lange Regierung ist an wechselnden Kämpfen (Sieg über die Galater) reich, durch die er sein ursprünglich kleines Gebiet bedeutend erweiterte. Mit Rom stand er seit 211 in engen… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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