Etropole


Etropole

Etropole (Етрополе) is a town in western Bulgaria, part of Sofia Province. It is located close to the northern slopes of the Balkan Mountains in the valley of the Malki Iskar 80 km from Sofia.

History

The area was first settled by the Thracian tribe of the Triballi in the 7th-6th century BC due to its position as an important crossroad connecting the Danube with Macedonia and Thrace close to two key Balkan passes. The forces of Philip II of Macedon (339 BC), Alexander the Great (335 BC), the Celts and the Roman legions passed through the valley in the Antiquity. The region developed as a centre of trade and economy, as evidenced by findings of Macedonian and Greek coins, Greek ceramics, luxurious items and decorations.

The ore ledges brought Saxon miners to the town in the 16th century. They introduced the "samokov" hammer technology and helped for the area's establishment as a centre of craftsmanship and mining, with gold, copper, silver and iron being extracted in the 16th and 17th century. Handicrafts such as iron-, gold- and coppersmithing and cutlery prospered. The economic upsurge of the settlement aided the development of culture and education in the nearby Etropole Monastery in the period, where biblical and liturgical books were copied in a specific original calligraphic style, of which 76 hand-written volumes were preserved.

A monastery school was established in 1613 and a public one (yet still monastery) followed in 1811. One of the first school buildings in Bulgaria was constructed in 1828-1830 by merchants and rich craftsmen from Etropole. A revolutionary committee part of Vasil Levski's Internal Revolutionary Organization was founded in Etropole in 1870 in order to help the Liberation of Bulgaria from Ottoman rule. The town was liberated on 24 November 1877 by Russian forces under Joseph Vladimirovich Gourko during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78 and served as a governing centre for the 40-day winter march of the Balkan Mountains of the Imperial Russian Army.

Honour

Etropole Peak on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Etropole.

External links

* [http://www.etropole.net/ Etropole.net - Etropole In The NET !!! ]
* [http://www.pbase.com/ngruev/etropolski Nikola Gruev's gallery of Etropole Monastery]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Etropole — Original name in latin Etropole Name in other language Etropole, Etropolje, Етрополе State code BG Continent/City Europe/Sofia longitude 42.83333 latitude 24 altitude 535 Population 11031 Date 2012 01 18 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Etropole — Sp Ètropolė Ap Етрополе/Etropole L C Bulgarija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Etropolė — Sp Ètropolė Ap Етрополе/Etropole L C Bulgarija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Etropole Peak — (Vrah Etropole vr h e tro po le) is a 620m peak in Melnik Ridge, Livingston Island and is named after the town of Etropole in Central Bulgaria.Location topographic survey).External links* [http://www3.pnra.it/SCAR GAZE SCAR Composite Antarctic… …   Wikipedia

  • FC Chavdar Etropole — Football club infobox clubname = Chavdar fullname = PFC Chavdar Etropole nickname = founded = 1922 ground = Chavdar Stadium capacity = 5 000 chairman = manager = league = B PFG season = 2007 08 position = B PFG, 3 place pattern la1=|pattern b1=… …   Wikipedia

  • Obshtina Etropole — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Obshtina Etropole Country and Admin Code BG.58.SFO18 BG …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Prawez — (Правец) „по правия път нагоре“ („Auf dem rechten Weg nach oben“) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pravets — Prawez (Правец) „по правия път нагоре“ („Auf dem rechten Weg nach oben“) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prawets — Prawez (Правец) „по правия път нагоре“ („Auf dem rechten Weg nach oben“) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prawetz — Prawez (Правец) „по правия път нагоре“ („Auf dem rechten Weg nach oben“) …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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