- Attalid dynasty
The Attalid dynasty was a
Hellenisticdynasty that ruled the city of Pergamonafter the death of Lysimachus, a general of Alexander the Great. The Attalid kingdom was the rump stateleft after the collapse of the Lysimachian Empire. One of Lysimachus' officers, Philetaerus, took control of the city in 282 BC. The later Attalids were descended from his father, and they expanded the city into a kingdom. Attalus Iproclaimed himself King in the 230s BC, following his victories over the Galatians. The Attalids ruled Pergamon until Attalus IIIbequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republicin 133 BCto avoid a likely succession crisis.
On the interior of the
Pergamon Altaris a friezedepicting the life of Telephos, son of Herakles, whom the ruling Attalid dynasty associated with their city and utilized to claim descendance from the Olympians. Pergamon, having entered the Greek world much later than their counterparts to the west, could not boast the same divine heritage as older city-states, and had to retroactively cultivate their place in Greek mythos.
Dynasty of Pergamum
Philetaerus( 282 BC– 263 BC)
Eumenes I( 263 BC– 241 BC)
Attalus ISoter ( 241 BC– 197 BC)
Eumenes II( 197 BC– 159 BC)
Attalus IIPhiladelphus ( 160 BC– 138 BC)
Attalus III( 138 BC– 133 BC)
Eumenes IIIAristonicus (pretender, 133 BC– 129 BC)
*Hansen, Esther V. (1971). "The Attalids of Pergamon". Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press; London: Cornell University Press Ltd. ISBN 0-8014-0615-3.
*Kosmetatou, Elizabeth (2003) "The Attalids of Pergamon," in Andrew Erskine, ed., "A Companion to the Hellenistic World". Oxford: Blackwell: pp. 159–174. ISBN 1-4051-3278-7. [http://books.google.com/books?id=c1-SvffPjUUC&pg=PA159&dq=kosmetatou&ei=5n0sSPeUPIuOywSjx6XLAw&sig=1cqZNmNUIlpKQecTZeac2XRwn5M text]
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