Nguyễn Ngọc Loan


Nguyễn Ngọc Loan

Infobox Military Person
name= Nguyễn Ngọc Loan
lived= December 11, 1930 - death date and age|1998|07|14|1930|12|11
placeofbirth=French Indochina - (what is now Vietnam)
placeofdeath= - Burke, Virginia, part of Washington, D.C. urban area.


caption=General Nguyễn Ngọc Loan
nickname= Nguyen Ngoc Loan
allegiance=
serviceyears=
rank= Taken out of action when he was a brigadier general of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam
branch= Army of the Republic of Vietnam
commands=
unit=
battles= Tet Offensive
awards=
relations=
laterwork=
General Nguyễn Ngọc Loan (December 11, 1930 [ [http://bgkq.net/hoiky/loan4.htm THIẾU TƯỚNG NGUYỄN NGỌC LOAN] vi icon] –July 14, 1998) was the Republic of Vietnam's Chief of National Police. Loan gained international infamy when he executed Nguyễn Văn Lém, a Viet Cong prisoner, on February 1, 1968 in front of Vo Suu, an NBC cameraman, and Eddie Adams, an Associated Press photographer. The photo (captioned "General Nguyen Ngoc Loan executing a Viet Cong prisoner in Saigon") and film would become two of the most famous images in journalism and started to change the American public's views on the Vietnam War.

Biography

Nguyễn Ngọc Loan was a former Brigadier General of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam. A few months after the execution picture was taken, Loan was seriously wounded by machine gun fire that led to the amputation of his leg. Again his picture hit the world press this time as Australian war correspondent, Pat Burgess, carried him back to his lines.cite web |date=2007-02-17 | url = http://www.famouspictures.org/mag/index.php?title=Vietnam_Execution| title = Famous Pictures Magazine - Vietnam Execution| format = HTML | publisher = Famous Pictures Magazine| accessdate = 2007-07-21 | last=Lucas, Dean ]

In 1975, during the Fall of Saigon, Loan left Vietnam. He moved to Virginia, USA, and opened a pizza restaurant. In 1991, Loan was forced into retirement when his identity was publicly disclosed. One patron wrote "we know who you are" on a restroom wall in his restaurant.

Loan was married to Chinh Mai, with whom he had five children. He died of cancer on July 14 1998 in Burke, Virginia, a Washington, D.C., suburb.

Prisoner execution

"General Nguyen Ngoc Loan Executing a Viet Cong Prisoner in Saigon" is a photograph taken by Eddie Adams on February 1, 1968. It shows South Vietnamese National Police Chief Nguyễn Ngọc Loan executing a Viet Cong officer in Saigon during the Tet Offensive. The event was also captured by NBC News film cameras, but Adams' photograph remains the defining image.

There is some dispute as to the identity of the man who is being executed in the photograph. It has been claimed that he was either Nguyễn Văn Lém or Le Cong Na, a similar looking man who was also a member of the Viet Cong and died during the Tet Offensive. The families of both men claimed that the Viet Cong officer in the photo looks very similar to their relative. Neither family could say for sure, because the Viet Cong officer's face was swollen due to a severe beating by South Vietnamese police prior to the execution.

Some South Vietnamese sources said that Lém commanded a Viet Cong assassination platoon, which on that day had targeted South Vietnamese National Police officers or, in their stead, the police officers' families. Photographer Adams confirmed the South Vietnamese account, although he was only present for the execution. Lém's widow confirmed that her husband was a member of the Viet Cong and she did not see him after the Tet Offensive began. Shortly after the execution, a South Vietnamese official who had not been present said that Lém was only a political operative.

Some critics claim that Loan's action violated the Geneva Conventions for treatment of prisoners of war. The rights of POW status were accorded to Viet Cong members only if they were seized during military operations. Lém had neither been wearing a uniform nor fighting enemy soldiers in the alleged commission of war crimes.

The photo won Adams the 1969 Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Photography, though he was later said to have regretted the impact it had. The image became an anti-war icon. Concerning General Nguyễn and his famous photograph, Eddie Adams later wrote in "Time":

Eddie Adams later apologized in person to General Loan and his family for the damage it did to his reputation. When General Loan died, Adams praised him as a hero of a just cause:

ee also

*Phan Thị Kim Phúc
*Nguy%E1%BB%85n V%C4%83n L%C3%A9m

References

External links

*The exact location of this event happened on the west section of "Lý Thái Tổ" street, right [http://maps.google.com/?ie=UTF8&t=k&om=1&ll=10.76785,106.672735&spn=0.003684,0.005032 in the center of this satellite map] , and looking East as shown in the execution picture.
* [http://www.vnaf.net VNAF The South Vietnamese Air Force - Không Quân Việt Nam Cộng Hòa]
* [http://www.newseum.org/warstories/interviews/mp3/journalists/bio.asp?ID=22 Voice autobiography of execution by Photographer Eddie Adams]
* [http://www.wellesley.edu/Polisci/wj/Vietimages/vcexec.htm General Nguyễn Ngọc Loan's Obituary] from The New York Times, July 16, 1998
* [http://community.webshots.com/album/92765972MdbewI Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces Reunion 2003]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nguyen Ngoc Loan — Nguyễn Ngọc Loan (der Familienname, hier Nguyễn, wird in Fernost zuerst genannt; * 11. Dezember 1931 in Huế, Vietnam; † 14. Juli 1998 in Burke, Virginia, USA) war ein südvietnamesischer General und während des Vietnamkrieges Polizeichef von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nguyễn Ngọc Loan — (* 11. Dezember 1931 in Huế, Vietnam; † 14. Juli 1998 in Burke, Virginia, USA) war ein südvietnamesischer General und während des Vietnamkrieges Polizeichef von Saigon (heute Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh, Hồ Chí Minh Stadt). Weltweit bekannt wurde er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nguyen Ngoc Loan — Nguyễn Ngọc Loan Le général Nguyễn Ngọc Loan (né le 11 décembre 1930 et décédé le 14 juillet 1998 à Washington, DC, États Unis) était le chef de la police sud vietnamienne. Il est connu pour avoir sommairement exécuté, dans… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nguyễn Ngoc Loan — Nguyễn Ngọc Loan Le général Nguyễn Ngọc Loan (né le 11 décembre 1930 et décédé le 14 juillet 1998 à Washington, DC, États Unis) était le chef de la police sud vietnamienne. Il est connu pour avoir sommairement exécuté, dans… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nguyen Ngoc Loan — In this Vietnamese name, the family name is Nguyễn, but is often simplified to Nguyen in English language text. According to Vietnamese custom, this person should properly be referred to by the given name Loan. Nguyễn Ngọc Loan …   Wikipedia

  • Nguyễn Ngọc Loan — Le général Nguyễn Ngọc Loan (né le 11 décembre 1930 et décédé le 14 juillet 1998 à Washington, DC, États Unis) était le chef de la police sud vietnamienne. Il est connu pour avoir sommairement exécuté, dans une rue de Saïgon,… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Nguyễn Văn Lém — (der Familienname, hier Nguyễn, wird in Fernost immer zuerst genannt; * ca. 1934; † 1. Februar 1968 in Saigon, dem heutigen Ho Chi Minh Stadt) war während des Vietnamkrieges unter seinem „Kampfnamen“ Bảy Lốp Mitglied der Vietcong und kämpfte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nguyen — Nguyễn und Nguyen (Hán nôm: 阮) (  [ŋwiɜn315]?/i) sind der häufigste vietnamesische Familienname (họ), geschätzte 40 % der Vietnamesen tragen ihn. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 3 Siehe auch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nguyên — Nguyễn und Nguyen (Hán nôm: 阮) (  [ŋwiɜn315]?/i) sind der häufigste vietnamesische Familienname (họ), geschätzte 40 % der Vietnamesen tragen ihn. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 3 Siehe auch …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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