- Nguyễn Ngọc Loan
Infobox Military Person
name= Nguyễn Ngọc Loan
December 11, 1930- death date and age|1998|07|14|1930|12|11
French Indochina- (what is now Vietnam)
placeofdeath= - Burke, Virginia, part of
Washington, D.C.urban area.
caption=General Nguyễn Ngọc Loan
nickname= Nguyen Ngoc Loan
rank= Taken out of action when he was a brigadier general of the
Army of the Republic of Vietnam
Army of the Republic of Vietnam
laterwork=General Nguyễn Ngọc Loan (
December 11, 1930[ [http://bgkq.net/hoiky/loan4.htm THIẾU TƯỚNG NGUYỄN NGỌC LOAN] vi icon] – July 14, 1998) was the Republic of Vietnam's Chief of National Police. Loan gained international infamy when he executed Nguyễn Văn Lém, a Viet Congprisoner, on February 1, 1968in front of Vo Suu, an NBCcameraman, and Eddie Adams, an Associated Pressphotographer. The photo (captioned "General Nguyen Ngoc Loan executing a Viet Cong prisoner in Saigon") and film would become two of the most famous images in journalism and started to change the American public's views on the Vietnam War.
Nguyễn Ngọc Loan was a former Brigadier General of the
Army of the Republic of Vietnam. A few months after the execution picture was taken, Loan was seriously wounded by machine gun fire that led to the amputation of his leg. Again his picture hit the world press this time as Australian war correspondent, Pat Burgess, carried him back to his lines.cite web |date=2007-02-17 | url = http://www.famouspictures.org/mag/index.php?title=Vietnam_Execution| title = Famous Pictures Magazine - Vietnam Execution| format = HTML | publisher = Famous Pictures Magazine| accessdate = 2007-07-21 | last=Lucas, Dean ]
In 1975, during the
Fall of Saigon, Loan left Vietnam. He moved to Virginia, USA, and opened a pizza restaurant. In 1991, Loan was forced into retirement when his identity was publicly disclosed. One patron wrote "we know who you are" on a restroom wall in his restaurant.
Loan was married to Chinh Mai, with whom he had five children. He died of
canceron July 14 1998in Burke, Virginia, a Washington, D.C., suburb.
"General Nguyen Ngoc Loan Executing a Viet Cong Prisoner in Saigon" is a
photographtaken by Eddie Adams on February 1, 1968. It shows South Vietnamese National Police Chief Nguyễn Ngọc Loan executing a Viet Congofficer in Saigonduring the Tet Offensive. The event was also captured by NBC Newsfilm cameras, but Adams' photograph remains the defining image.
There is some dispute as to the identity of the man who is being executed in the photograph. It has been claimed that he was either
Nguyễn Văn Lémor Le Cong Na, a similar looking man who was also a member of the Viet Cong and died during the Tet Offensive. The families of both men claimed that the Viet Cong officer in the photo looks very similar to their relative. Neither family could say for sure, because the Viet Cong officer's face was swollen due to a severe beating by South Vietnamese police prior to the execution.
Some South Vietnamese sources said that Lém commanded a Viet Cong assassination platoon, which on that day had targeted South Vietnamese National Police officers or, in their stead, the police officers' families. Photographer Adams confirmed the South Vietnamese account, although he was only present for the execution. Lém's widow confirmed that her husband was a member of the Viet Cong and she did not see him after the Tet Offensive began. Shortly after the execution, a South Vietnamese official who had not been present said that Lém was only a political operative.
Some critics claim that Loan's action violated the
Geneva Conventionsfor treatment of prisoners of war. The rights of POW status were accorded to Viet Cong members only if they were seized during military operations. Lém had neither been wearing a uniform nor fighting enemy soldiers in the alleged commission of war crimes.
The photo won Adams the 1969
Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Photography, though he was later said to have regretted the impact it had. The image became an anti-war icon. Concerning General Nguyễn and his famous photograph, Eddie Adams later wrote in "Time" :
Eddie Adams later apologized in person to General Loan and his family for the damage it did to his reputation. When General Loan died, Adams praised him as a hero of a just cause
Phan Thị Kim Phúc
Nguy%E1%BB%85n V%C4%83n L%C3%A9m
*The exact location of this event happened on the west section of "Lý Thái Tổ" street, right [http://maps.google.com/?ie=UTF8&t=k&om=1&ll=10.76785,106.672735&spn=0.003684,0.005032 in the center of this satellite map] , and looking East as shown in the execution picture.
* [http://www.vnaf.net VNAF The South Vietnamese Air Force - Không Quân Việt Nam Cộng Hòa]
* [http://www.newseum.org/warstories/interviews/mp3/journalists/bio.asp?ID=22 Voice autobiography of execution by Photographer Eddie Adams]
* [http://www.wellesley.edu/Polisci/wj/Vietimages/vcexec.htm General Nguyễn Ngọc Loan's Obituary] from
The New York Times, July 16, 1998
* [http://community.webshots.com/album/92765972MdbewI Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces Reunion 2003]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Nguyen Ngoc Loan — Nguyễn Ngọc Loan (der Familienname, hier Nguyễn, wird in Fernost zuerst genannt; * 11. Dezember 1931 in Huế, Vietnam; † 14. Juli 1998 in Burke, Virginia, USA) war ein südvietnamesischer General und während des Vietnamkrieges Polizeichef von… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nguyễn Ngọc Loan — (* 11. Dezember 1931 in Huế, Vietnam; † 14. Juli 1998 in Burke, Virginia, USA) war ein südvietnamesischer General und während des Vietnamkrieges Polizeichef von Saigon (heute Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh, Hồ Chí Minh Stadt). Weltweit bekannt wurde er… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nguyen Ngoc Loan — Nguyễn Ngọc Loan Le général Nguyễn Ngọc Loan (né le 11 décembre 1930 et décédé le 14 juillet 1998 à Washington, DC, États Unis) était le chef de la police sud vietnamienne. Il est connu pour avoir sommairement exécuté, dans… … Wikipédia en Français
Nguyễn Ngoc Loan — Nguyễn Ngọc Loan Le général Nguyễn Ngọc Loan (né le 11 décembre 1930 et décédé le 14 juillet 1998 à Washington, DC, États Unis) était le chef de la police sud vietnamienne. Il est connu pour avoir sommairement exécuté, dans… … Wikipédia en Français
Nguyen Ngoc Loan — In this Vietnamese name, the family name is Nguyễn, but is often simplified to Nguyen in English language text. According to Vietnamese custom, this person should properly be referred to by the given name Loan. Nguyễn Ngọc Loan … Wikipedia
Nguyễn Ngọc Loan — Le général Nguyễn Ngọc Loan (né le 11 décembre 1930 et décédé le 14 juillet 1998 à Washington, DC, États Unis) était le chef de la police sud vietnamienne. Il est connu pour avoir sommairement exécuté, dans une rue de Saïgon,… … Wikipédia en Français
Nguyễn Ngọc Loan — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar … Wikipedia Español
Nguyễn Văn Lém — (der Familienname, hier Nguyễn, wird in Fernost immer zuerst genannt; * ca. 1934; † 1. Februar 1968 in Saigon, dem heutigen Ho Chi Minh Stadt) war während des Vietnamkrieges unter seinem „Kampfnamen“ Bảy Lốp Mitglied der Vietcong und kämpfte… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nguyen — Nguyễn und Nguyen (Hán nôm: 阮) ( [ŋwiɜn315]?/i) sind der häufigste vietnamesische Familienname (họ), geschätzte 40 % der Vietnamesen tragen ihn. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 3 Siehe auch … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nguyên — Nguyễn und Nguyen (Hán nôm: 阮) ( [ŋwiɜn315]?/i) sind der häufigste vietnamesische Familienname (họ), geschätzte 40 % der Vietnamesen tragen ihn. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 3 Siehe auch … Deutsch Wikipedia