Bernard de Jussieu


Bernard de Jussieu

Infobox Scientist
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birth_date = August 17, 1699
birth_place = Lyon
death_date = November 6, 1777
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nationality = French
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field = Natural History
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Bernard de Jussieu (August 17, 1699 - November 6, 1777) was a French naturalist, younger brother of Antoine de Jussieu.

Bernard de Jussieu was born in Lyon. He took a medical degree at Montpellier and began practice in 1720, [CathEncy|url=http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic_Encyclopedia_(1913)/De_Jussieu|title=De Jussieu] but finding the work uncongenial he gladly accepted his brother's invitation to Paris in 1722, when he succeeded Sebastien Vaillant (1669-1722) as sub-demonstrator of plants in the Jardin des Plantes. [1911|article=De Jussieu|url=http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/De_Jussieu] In 1725 he brought out a new edition of Joseph Pitton de Tournefort's "Histoire des plantes qui naissent aux environs de Paris", 2 vols., which was afterwards translated into English by John Martyn, the original work being incomplete. In the same year he was admitted into the French Academy of Sciences, and communicated several papers to that body.

Long before Abraham Trembley (1700-1784) published his "Histoire des polypes d'eau douce", Jussieu maintained the doctrine that these organisms were animals, and not the flowers of marine plants, then the current notion; and to confirm his views he made three journeys to the coast of Normandy. Singularly modest and retiring, he published very little, but in 1759 he arranged the plants in the royal garden of the Trianon at Versailles, according to his own scheme of classification. This arrangement is printed in his nephew Antoine Laurent de Jussieu's "Genera plantarum", and formed the basis of that work. He cared little for the credit of enunciating new discoveries, so long as the facts were made public. On the death of his brother Antoine, he could not be induced to succeed him as professor of botany at the Jardin des Plantes, but prevailed upon L. G. Lemonnier to assume the higher position.

The standard botanical author abbreviation B.Juss. is applied to plants described by de Jussieu.

References


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  • Bernard de Jussieu — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bernard de Jussieu Nacimiento 17 de agosto de 1699 Lyon …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bernard De Jussieu — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jussieu. Bernard de Jussieu Bernard de Jussieu (17 août  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bernard de jussieu — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jussieu. Bernard de Jussieu Bernard de Jussieu (17 août  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bernard de Jussieu — Bernard de Jussieu. Bernard de Jussieu (* 17. August 1699 in Lyon; † 6. November 1777 in Paris[1]) war ein französischer Botaniker. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet „ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernard de Jussieu — (Lyon 17 de agosto 1699 Paris 6 de noviembre 1777) fue un médico y botánico francés …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bernard de Jussieu — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jussieu. Bernard de Jussieu Naissance 17 août  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jussieu — can refer to:* Antoine Laurent de Jussieu (1748 1836), French botanist * Antoine de Jussieu (1686 1758), French naturalist, uncle of A. L. de Jussieu. * Bernard de Jussieu (1699 1777), French naturalist, uncle of A. L. de Jussieu. * Adrien Henri… …   Wikipedia

  • Jussieu — puede referirse a: Personas Adrien Henri de Jussieu (1797 1853), médico y botánico francés; Antoine de Jussieu (1686 – 1758), médico, botánico y naturalista francés; Antoine Laurent de Jussieu (1748 – 1836), médico y botánico francés; Bernard de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jussieu — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adrien Henri Laurent de Jussieu (1797–1853), französischer Botaniker Antoine de Jussieu (1686–1758), französischer Botaniker Antoine Laurent de Jussieu (1748–1836), französischer Botaniker Bernard de… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jussieu — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Jussieu est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Christophe de Jussieu (1685 1758), apothicaire lyonnais ; Antoine de Jussieu (1686 …   Wikipédia en Français


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