Abu Yusuf


Abu Yusuf

Infobox_Philosopher
region = Muslim Jurist
era = Islamic Golden Age
color = #B0C4DE




image_caption =


name = Imam Abu Yusuf
birth =
death = 798
religion = Islam
citizenship =
nationality =
ethnicity =
school_tradition = Sunni Hanafi
alma_mater =
main_interests = Islamic Jurisprudence
influences = Abu Hanifa
influenced =
notable_ideas = Evolution of Islamic Jurisprudence
Yaqub ibn Ibrahim al-Ansari, better known as Abu Yusuf ( _ar. أبو يوسف) (d.798) was a student of legist Abu Hanifah (d.767) who helped spread the influence of the Hanafi school of Islamic law through his writings and the government positions he held.

Biography

He was appointed "Qadi" (judge) in Baghdad, Iraq, and later chief justice ("qadi al-qudat") under Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid (r.786-809) with authority to appoint judges in the empire. Some of his opinions differ from those of Abu Hanifah, probably on the basis of traditions not available to the earlier scholar.

Works

His most famous work is "Kitab al-Kharaj"John Esposito, The Oxford Dictionary of Islam, Oxford University Press, 2003]
*"Kitab al-Kharaj" is a treatise on taxation and fiscal problems of the state prepared for the caliph.
*Usul al-fiqh - the earliest known work of principles of Islamic jurisprudence. A portion of his works were devoted to international law.
*"Kitab al-Athar", a collection of traditions ("ahadith") he narrated
*"Kitab Ikhtilaf Abi Hanifa wa Ibn Abi Layla", one of the early works on comparative Fiqh
*"Kitab al-Radd ‘Ala Siyar al-Awza’i", a refutation of the famous Syrian jurist and tradition, al-Awza’i on the law of war.

ee also

*Islamic scholars

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Abū Yūsuf — Abu Yusuf, mit vollem Namen Abu Yusuf Yaqub ibn Ibrahim ibn Habib al Kufi / ‏أبو يوسف يعقوب بن إبراهيم بن حبيب الكوفي‎ / Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb b. Ibrāhīm ibn Ḥabīb al Kūfī (* 729 oder 731; † 798), war ein Schüler von Abu Hanifa und Mitbegründer der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abu Yusuf —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Abu Yusuf, Abû Yûsuf, Abou Yousef, ou Abou Yousouf en arabe : abū yūsuf, أبو يوسف est le surnom (Kunya) de nombreux personnages, il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abu Yusuf Yaqub Ben Abd Al-Haqq — Abû Yûsuf Ya qûb ben Abd al Haqq (أَبُو يُوسُف يَعقُوب بن عَبد الحَقّ abū yūsuf ya qūb ben abd al ḥaqq) est né à une date inconnue. L un des fils de Abû Yahyâ, le précédent sultan Mérinide, prétendit succéder à son père, mais ce fut son oncle Abû …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abu yusuf yaqub ben abd al-haqq — Abû Yûsuf Ya qûb ben Abd al Haqq (أَبُو يُوسُف يَعقُوب بن عَبد الحَقّ abū yūsuf ya qūb ben abd al ḥaqq) est né à une date inconnue. L un des fils de Abû Yahyâ, le précédent sultan Mérinide, prétendit succéder à son père, mais ce fut son oncle Abû …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abu Yusuf Yaqub — ibn Abdalhaqq (arabisch ‏أبو يوسف يعقوب بن عبد الحق‎, DMG Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb b. ʿAbd al Ḥaqq; † 1286) war von 1259 bis 1286 der dritte Sultan der Meriniden in Marokko. Während der Eroberung Marokkos durch die Meriniden unter Abu Yahya Abu Bakr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abu Yusuf Ya'qub al-Mansur — Abu Yusuf Yaqub al Mansur Abû Yûsuf Ya qûb al Mansûr (أبو يوسف المنصوريعقوب بن يوسف abū yūsuf ya qūb al manṣūr ya qūb ben yūsuf) fut un émir maghrébin au XIIe siècle. Né à une date inconnue, il succéda à son père comme calife Almohade en 1184. Il …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abu Yusuf Yaqub Al-Mansur — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Abu Yaqub Yusuf al Mansur Obtenido de Abu Yusuf Yaqub Al Mansur …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abu Yusuf Ya'qub — ibn Ibrahim al Ansari al Kufi (731 ndash;798) was a famous Muslim jurist and one of the founders of the Hanafi school of Islamic jurisprudence. He served as a chief religious judge ( qadi ) under the Abbasid caliph Harun al Rashid. Abu Yusuf… …   Wikipedia

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