- Short track speed skating
Short track speed skating (also "Shorttrack speedskating") is a form of competitive ice
speed skating. In competitions, multiple skaters (typically between four and six) skate on an oval ice track with a circumference of 111.12 m. The rink itself is 60 m by 30 m, which is the same size as an international-sized hockey rink.
Short track speed skating originated in the speed skating events held with mass starts. This form of speed skating was mainly practiced in the
United Statesand Canada, as opposed to the international form, where skaters skated in pairs. At the 1932 Winter Olympics, speed skating events were conducted in the mass start form. Competitions in North America were also held indoors, for example in Madison Square Garden, New York, and therefore on shorter tracks than was usual for outdoor skating.
In 1967, the
International Skating Unionadopted short track speed skating, although it did not organise international competitions until 1976. World Championships have been held since 1981 though earlier events later also received that status.
1988 Winter Olympics, held in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, short track was a demonstration sport. It was upgraded to a full Olympic sport in 1992 and has been part of the Winter Olympics since. The programme was expanded from 4 in 1992 to 8 in 2002. The events are the same for both men and women: 500 m, 1000 m, 1500 m and the relay (5000 m (men)/3000 m (women)). South Koreahas been the dominant country in the sport and the sport is also highly popular in many other countries such as The People's Republic of China, US, Italy, Canadaand Japan. With smaller ice tracks and shorter, often spectacular competitions, short track speed skating has grown more popular than the older long track in many countries. In the 2006 Olympics, South Korea won the most medals in short track speed skating.
In Canada, short track competitions are held either as all-points meets, where skaters are seeded based only on their times for a standard distance (usually the 500m), or an age class, where people are seeded by age and gender. All-points meets allow racing against skaters of all ages and genders, with the exception of the Masters age class (30+). All-points meets are usually held at the local level in only certain provinces. Age class meets are utilized at the provincial and national levels. Age classes are :
*Master4: 60+Ages are determined as of
July 1prior to competition. At International and Olympic competitions, skaters are placed by gender only.
Apolo Anton Ohno
Ahn Hyun Soo
* Wang Meng
Yang Yang (A)
Yang Yang (S)
* [http://www.isu.org/vsite/vnavsite/page/directory/0,10853,4844-128613-129921-nav-list,00.html International Skating Union]
* [http://www.speedskating.ca/index.cfm Speed Skating Canada]
* [http://www.usspeedskating.org US Speed Skating]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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Short track speed skating at the 1996 Asian Winter Games — Short track speed skating at the 1996 Winter Asian Games took place in the city of Harbin, People s Republic of China with ten events being contested five each for men and women.Medal summaryMedal table(Host nation highlighted)References… … Wikipedia
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