Adnyamathanha language


Adnyamathanha language
Adnyamathana
Spoken in South Australia
Native speakers 20  (1990)
Language family
Pama–Nyungan
Language codes
ISO 639-3 adt

Adnyamathanha (many other names; see below) is a moribund Australian Aboriginal language. It is the traditional language of the Adnyamathanha people.

The name of the witchetty grub comes from Adnyamathanha.

Contents

Names

This language has been known by many names and variants of names, including:

  • Adnyamathanha, Adynyamathanha, Adjnjamathanha, Atʸnʸamat̪an̪a, Adnjamathanha, Adnyamathana, Anyamathana, Ad'n'amadana, Anjimatana, Anjiwatana, Unyamootha
  • Wailpi, Wailbi, Waljbi, Wipie, the name of a dialect
  • Archualda
  • Benbakanjamata
  • Binbarnja
  • Gadjnjamada, Kanjimata, Keydnjmarda
  • Jandali
  • Mardala
  • Nimalda
  • Nuralda
  • Umbertana

Classification

R. M. W. Dixon classifies Adnyamathanha and Guyani as a single language, Adjnjamathanha/Guyani. Ethnologue treats them as separate, and so they each have their own ISO 639-3 codes.

Phonology

Vowels

Front Back
High i iː u uː
Low a aː

Consonants

Peripheral Laminal Apical
Labial Velar Palatal Dental Alveolar Retroflex Glottal
Stop Voiceless p k c t ʈ (ʔ)
Voiced (ɖ)
Fricative Voiced (v)
Nasal m ŋ ɲ n ɳ
Lateral ʎ l ɭ
Flap ɾ ɽ
Trill r
Approximant w j ɻ

[v] may be an allophone of /p/.

History

While the closely related Guyani retains word-initial stops, Adnyamathanha has undergone systematic lenition of stops in this position. Former *p has become [v], former *t̪ and probably also *c have become /j/, and former *k has disappeared entirely.

Grammar

Adnyamathanha has a complex system of personal pronouns. There are 10 different ways of saying ‘you and me’ (first person dual), depending on the relationship between the speaker and the person addressed.

References

External links


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