Democratic consolidation

Democratic consolidation

Democratic consolidation is the process by which a new democracy matures, in a way that means it is unlikely to revert to authoritarianism without an external shock. The notion is contested because it is not clear that there is anything substantive that happens to new democracies which secures their continuation beyond those factors that simply make it 'more likely' that they continue as democracies. Unconsolidated democracies suffer from formalized but intermittent elections and clientelism. [1]


Consolidation theories


Some scholars think that the process by which a democracy becomes consolidated involves the creation and improvement of secondary institutions of the democracy. Linz and Stepan's thesis, for example, is that democracy is consolidated by the presence of the institutions supporting and surrounding elections (for example the rule of law).[2]

Informal rules

O'Donnell believes that the institutionalization of electoral rules is not the most interesting feature of democratic consolidation. His approach is to compare the formal institutional rules (for example the constitution) with the informal practices of actors. Consolidation on this view is when the actors in a system follow (have informally institutionalised) the formal rules of the democratic institution.

Civic culture

Almond and Verba are the originators of this theory. It locates the consolidation of democracy with the values and attitudes which emerge with, and work to sustain, participatory democratic institutions relate to the manner in which people within a polity view their relationships with others vis a vis their own interests.

Putnam believes that political capital needs to be accrued to consolidate a democracy.

Fukuyama claims that the key to consolidation is political culture.


  1. ^ O'Donnell 1996 'Illusions about Consolidation'
  2. ^ Linz and Consolidated Democracies'

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Consolidation — may refer to: Consolidation (business), the mergers or acquisitions of many smaller companies into much larger ones Consolidation (soil), a geological process whereby a soil decreases in volume Consolidation (media), consolidation of United… …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic peace theory — (or liberal democratic theory[1] or simply the democratic peace ) is the theory that democracies, for some appropriate definition of democracy, rarely, or even never, go to war with one another. Some have preferred the term inter democracy… …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic and Popular Union — The Democratic and Popular Union (Spanish: Unidad Democrática y Popular) (1977 84) was a Bolivian umbrella political party uniting various smaller left wing parties. It was formed in 1977 by former president Hernán Siles Zuazo and consisted… …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic Liberal Party (Romania) — Democratic Liberal Party Partidul Democrat Liberal President Emil Boc Senate leader T …   Wikipedia

  • Consolidation of states within Somalia (1998–2006) — Consolidation of States Within Somalia (1998 2006) Date 1998 2006 Location Somalia Result Rise of the Islamic Courts Union …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania — Uniunea Democrată Maghiară din România President Hunor Kelemen Senate leader …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic Republic of Afghanistan — ← …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic-Republican Party — This article is about the American political party. For the South Korean political party, see Democratic Republican Party (South Korea). Democratic Republican Party or Republican Party …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic centralism — Part of the series on Communism …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic Party (Romania) — Infobox Romanian Political Party party name = Partidul Democrat Democratic Party party party wikicolourid = PD leader = Emil Boc senate = Petru Nicolae Ioţcu chamber = Cristian Rădulescu foundation = 6 February 1990 ideology = Centrism… …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»